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Flashback calendar

Launch for the International Space Station

Russian Soyuz spaceship took off to the ISS with three astronauts on board. Two of them, Scott Kelly and Mikhail Korniyenko, later performed the first one-year stay at the Space Station. The spacecraft stayed docked with ISS for seven months. It departed and landed in September with the old ISS crew.

Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin dies

Gagarin was the first man to fly into outer space. He completed one orbit of the Earth in 1961. The design of his spaceship, Vostok 1, was supervised by Sergei Korolev. Gagarin instantly became a celebrity. Later he worked as a deputy training director of the Soviet Cosmonaut Training Centre. Gagarin died in the crash of the MiG-15 jet.

First non-direct blood transfusion

Belgian physician Albert Husting treated patient in Brussels by non-direct blood transfusion. Prior to his experiment, transfusions had to be made directly from donor to receiver before coagulation. Husting used sodium citrate as an anticoagulant. His transplant was in fact a diluted solution of blood.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous