Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Bob Dylan receives his Nobel Prize for Literature

Bob Dylan was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature "for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition". He is the only person in history apart from George Bernard Shaw to be a recipient of both an Academy Award and a Nobel prize.

Mocoa landslide

During the pre-dawn hours, locally heavy rain triggered flash flooding and landslides in the city of Mocoa, Putumayo, Colombia, killing at least 254 people, injuring 332, and leaving 70 others missing. It is the third-deadliest weather-related disaster in Colombian history and is regarded as the worst catastrophe in the history of Mocoa.

Nagorno Karabakh clashes

The clashes occurred in the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh, with Azerbaijani forces seeking to regain territory controlled by the Armenia-backed unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The clashes were the worst since a ceasefire in 1994.

Medical soap 'General Hospital' celebrates 50 years

General Hospital is the third longest-running soap opera in history and the longest-running American soap still in production. General Hospital's 50th anniversary was a milestone for the American soap opera series and has been commemorated with several events in the media and storylines on the show.

Tom Hanks stars in 'Lucky Guy' on Broadway

Lucky Guy is a play by Nora Ephron that premiered the year after her death. It was Ephron's final work and marked Tom Hanks's Broadway debut, in which he earned a Theatre World Award. It depicts the story of journalist Mike McAlary beginning in 1985 and ending with his death at the age of 41 in 1998.

'Jack and Jill' wins in every category at Razzies

The movie "Jack and Jill" was nominated for 12 awards and won in every category. The film holds the record for most Razzie wins, most wins in a single year, and it was also the first time in the history of the Razzies that one film won every award.

Broadway revival of 'The Best Man' opens

The Best Man is a 1960 play by American playwright Gore Vidal. The play premiered on Broadway in 1960 and was nominated for six Tony Awards, including Best Play. Vidal adapted it into a film with the same title in 1964. A revival opened on Broadway at the Gerald Schoenfeld Theatre in 2012 in a limited run.

Mazar-i-Sharif attack

The 2011 Mazar-i-Sharif attack occurred when a group of demonstrators attacked the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan compound in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan, killing seven foreigners, including three United Nations staff members and four Nepalese guards. Additionally, five protesters died in the violence.

'Red' opens on Broadway

Red is a play by American writer John Logan about artist Mark Rothko. The original production was directed by Michael Grandage and performed by Alfred Molina as Rothko and Eddie Redmayne as his fictional assistant Ken. The production, with its two leads, transferred to Broadway at the John Golden Theatre for a limited engagement.

Google shows Gmail to the public

The new service automatically organized e-mail according to topics and allowed users to search all their e-mail. It opened up the possibility of keeping all of your emails, forever, rather than deleting it frantically to stay under your limit. Gmail began with a search feature that was far better than anything offered.

Netherlands legalizes euthanasia

Dutch parliament voted to allow doctors to end the lives of their patients, in case they were in unbearable pain without hope. The Netherlands has become the first country to legalize euthanasia. As the vote passed, a crowd of approximately 10,000 people gathered in front of parliament building to show their discontent.

Same-sex marriage becomes legal in the Netherlands

The Netherlands became the first country in the world to create the possibility for two men or two women to marry. The Netherlands has led the way in terms of opening up marriage for same-sex couples. The existing law was simply modified to include the statement that “marriage is possible between two persons of different or same sex.”


Dumars becomes the 10th player to play 1,000 games with the same team

1,000 games. That is a number of games Detroit's Joe Dumars because of that he becomes the 10th player in league history and one of eight for to play 1,000 games with his only team. He was primarily known for his defensive ability and was the perfect fit for a Pistons team who used physical intimidation to get to their opponents.

Britain gets first minimum wage

The National Minimum Wage Act created a minimum wage across the UK. During the 1997 election campaign, it was a flagship policy of the Labour Party. The implementation of the policy was supported by the Liberal Democrats and opposed by the Conservative Party.

Japanese anime television series 'Pokémon' is first released

Pokémon follows the adventures of series protagonist Ash Ketchum and his friends Misty and Brock. The 1st season of Pokémon, Indigo League, originally aired in Japan on TV Tokyo. The Japanese opening song of the series is Aim to be a Pokemon Master by Rica Matsumoto.


WrestleMania VI

World Wrestling Federation produced their 6th WrestleMania event, which was for the 1st time held outside of the US. It took place at the SkyDome in Toronto, Canada. The event is remembered for „The Ultimate Challenge”, a match in which The Ultimate Warrior defeated Hulk Hogan and claimed his World Heavyweight Championship belt.

Red Bull Energy Drink is sold for the very first time

Red Bull Energy Drink was created by Red Bull GmbH, an Austrian company. The drink contains caffeine, taurine, B vitamins (B3, B5, B6, B12), sucrose, and glucose. The Red Bull currently has the highest market share of any energy drink in the world.


Villanova pulls off the greatest upset in NCAA history

Villanova won the title game by a score of 66–64, in what is considered by analysts to be one of the biggest upsets in an NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament game. The Wildcats had the highest field goal percentage in Final Four history, over 78 percent in the game, winning their first national championship in men's basketball.

Singer Marvin Gaye is shot to death by his father

His life came to a tragic end when Marvin Gaye was shot and killed by his own father one day short of his 45th birthday. Father shot his son twice in the upper torso. The wounds were fatal and he was pronounced dead on arrival at the California Hospital Medical Center.

Apple Computer is founded

Wozniak sold his HP calculator, and with Steve Jobs founded Apple Computer Inc, alongside Ronald Wayne. Jobs and Wozniak wanted to make computers small enough for people to have them in their homes or offices. The name Apple was chosen because Jobs had happy memories of working on an Oregon apple farm one summer.

Intel launches its first 8-bit chip

Intel designed and manufactured 8-bit microprocessor called Intel 8080. It became the engine of the Altair 8800, and subsequent S-100 bus personal computers, until it was replaced by the Z80 in this role, and was the original target CPU for CP/M operating systems developed by Gary Kildall.

First weather satellite

NASA launched a new satellite called TIROS-1. It was a first attempt to use satellites for the study of weather. The program was promoted by famous meteorologist Harry Wexler. TiROS-1 carried just four basic instruments: two visible spectrum cameras (wide-angle and narrow-angle), horizon sensor and sun angle sensor.


The spaghetti-tree hoax was a three-minute hoax report broadcast on April Fools' Day 1957 by the BBC current-affairs program Panorama, purportedly showing a family in southern Switzerland harvesting spaghetti from the family "spaghetti tree." At the time spaghetti was relatively unknown in the UK, so many Britons were unaware that it is made from wheat flour and water; several viewers afterward contacted the BBC for advice on growing their spaghetti trees. Decades later CNN called this broadcast "the biggest hoax that any reputable news establishment ever pulled."

Aleutian Islands earthquake

An earthquake occurred near the Aleutian Islands, Alaska, triggering a Pacific-wide tsunami with multiple destructive waves at heights ranging from 45–130 ft, and killing at least 165 people. It had a moment magnitude of 8.6 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI.

Environmentalist and political activist Wangari Maathai is born

Maathai was born in the Ihithe village, in the central highlands of the colony of Kenya, as a member of Kikuyu ethnic group. During her studies at St. Cecilia's Intermediate Primary School, she converted to Catholicism. She was later selected to study in the US. She founded an environmental organization Green Belt Movement.

Nescafé introduces their flagship brand in Switzerland

Nescafé is a brand of coffee made by Nestlé. Nestlé began developing a coffee brand in 1930, at the initiative of the Brazilian government, to help to preserve the substantial surplus of the annual Brazilian coffee harvest. Its development project was led by Max Morgenthaler.

Bonnie & Clyde kill 2 police officers

Highway patrolmen H. D. Murphy and Edward Wheeler were killed by gangster duo and Henry Methvin, at the intersection of Route 114 and Dove Road in Texas. Methvin admitted firing the first shot, soon to be followed by Clyde. It is assumed that Bonnie was asleep in the backseat of the car when the shooting started.

Nazi Germany begins persecuting Jews

Jews, who numbered about 525,000 in Germany were the principal target of Nazi hatred. The Nazis identified Jews as a race and defined this race as “inferior.” The Nazis either seized Jewish businesses and properties outright or forced Jews to sell them at bargain prices. The laws proclaimed at Nuremberg made Jews second-class citizens.

'The Blue Angel' premieres in Germany

The Blue Angel is a tragicomic film directed by Josef von Sternberg and starring Emil Jannings, Marlene Dietrich, and Kurt Gerron. It is based on Heinrich Mann's novel Professor Unrat and set in Weimar Germany. The film brought international fame to Marlene Dietrich.

Adolf Hitler is sentenced to five years in jail

Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler was sentenced to five years in prison for leading the Nazis’ unsuccessful Beer Hall Putsch in the German state of Bavaria. Sent to Landsberg jail, he spent his time dictating his autobiography, Mein Kampf, and working on his oratorical skills. After nine months in prison was released.

Britain's Royal Air Force is established

The Royal Air Force was formed at the end of the WWI and emerged as the largest air force in the world at the time. It played a large part in the WWII, where it fought its most famous campaign, the Battle of Britain. Its mission is to support the objectives of the British Ministry of Defence.

American psychologist Abraham Maslow is born

He is famous because of his hierarchy of needs. Maslow described human needs as ordered in a hierarchy of steps. Needs on the lower steps must be satisfied before a person give attention to higher steps. This is usually represented by pyramidal graph (often parodied). Maslow did not use such graphical representation.

Chewing gum giant Wrigley is founded in Chicago

The Wrigley Company was founded by William Wrigley Jr., who began packaging chewing gum with each can of baking powder. The company, currently owned by Mars, Incorporated, is based in the Global Innovation Center, Chicago. It is the world's largest manufacturer and marketer of chewing gum.

The Battle of Five Forks

During American Civil War, the Union Army, led by Major General Philip Sheridan clashed with and defeated a Confederate States army. The battle took place southwest of Petersburg, Virginia. They seized the road junction of Five Forks. It was the key to control a vital Confederate supply line to Petersburg.

Charles Dickens' novel 'Hard Times' begins serialisation in his magazine

Hard Times was originally published in the weekly magazine, Household Words. The original format for Household Words did not include serialized fiction. The circulation of Household Words more than doubled. Hard Times takes a hard, unsympathetic look at Utilitarianism.

Internal combustion engine

American inventor Samuel Morey patented his new engine. The combustion of a fuel took place inside of the working space of the machine. Several other people attempted the same thing before and after Morey. Moray’s engine was, however, very similar to modern ones. It had two cylinders and a carburetor (also Moray’s invention).

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1995

Logan Paul

died 1984

Marvin Gaye

born 1983

Matt Lanter