Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

YouTube headquarters shooting

A shooting occurred at the headquarters of the video-sharing website YouTube in San Bruno, California. The suspect was later identified as 38-year-old Nasim Najafi Aghdam, who opened fire with a Smith & Wesson 9 mm caliber semi-automatic pistol. Aghdam wounded three people, one of them critically, before killing herself.

Saint Petersburg metro bombing

A terrorist attack using an explosive device occurred on the Saint Petersburg Metro between Sennaya Ploshchad and Tekhnologichesky Institut stations, killing 15 people and injuring at least 45. The suspected perpetrator behind the attacks was identified as Akbarzhon Jalilov.

'Amélie' debuts on Broadway

Amélie is a musical based on the 2001 romantic comedy film with music by Daniel Messé, lyrics by Messé and Nathan Tysen and a book by Craig Lucas. The musical opened on Broadway at the Walter Kerr Theatre. Direction is by Pam MacKinnon with musical staging and choreography by Sam Pinkleton.

Panama Papers leak

The Panama Papers are 11.5 million leaked documents that detail financial and attorney–client information for more than 214,488 offshore entities. The documents, some dating back to the 1970s, were created by, and taken from, Panamanian law firm and corporate service provider Mossack Fonseca, and were leaked in 2015 by an anonymous source.

'Frozen' breaks record for highest-grossing animated movie

Frozen earned $1.2 billion in worldwide box office revenue, including $400 million in the United States and Canada and $247 million in Japan, and thus became the highest-grossing animated film of all time, followed by Minions and Toy Story 3.

The first iPad goes on sale

Apple launched iPad, a handheld touchscreen computer capable of browsing the web, playing music, videos, games and much more. As of January 2015, Apple had sold more than 250 million iPads worldwide and it is now the second-most popular kind of tablet computer.

Matt Smith debuts as the 11th Doctor Who

The Eleventh Doctor is an incarnation of the Doctor, the protagonist of the BBC science fiction television programme Doctor Who. He is played by Matt Smith, in three series as well as five specials, over an almost four-year-long period. As with previous incarnations of the Doctor, the character has also appeared in other Doctor Who multimedia.

Iowa's Supreme Court legalizes gay marriage

Same-sex marriage in Iowa was legalized by the Iowa Supreme Court, making Iowa the fourth U.S. state to legalize same-sex marriage, after Connecticut, Massachusetts, and California. The court determined that denying marriage licenses on the basis of sexual orientation violated the equal protection clause of the Iowa Constitution.

Binghamton shootings

The Binghamton shootings took place at the American Civic Association immigration center in Binghamton, New York. Jiverly Antares Wong, a 41-year-old naturalized American citizen from Vietnam, entered the facility and shot numerous people inside. He killed 13 people and wounded four others before committing suicide.


Brazilian wizard Ronaldinho plays his final game for Barcelona

Barcelona club president Joan Laporta stated that Ronaldinho needed a "new challenge", claiming that he needed a new club if he were to revive his career. Following a second-place La Liga finish to rivals Real Madrid in the 2006–07 season and an injury plagued 2007–08 season, Ronaldinho departed Barcelona to join Milan.

Broadway revival of 'South Pacific' opens

South Pacific is a musical composed by Richard Rodgers, with lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II and book by Hammerstein and Joshua Logan. A Broadway revival opened at Lincoln Center's Vivian Beaumont Theater. Bartlett Sher directed, with musical staging by Christopher Gattelli and associate choreographer Joe Langworth.


Steve Yzerman scores his final NHL goal

In 2006, Steve Yzerman officially retired from professional hockey, finishing his career ranked as the seventh all-time leading scorer in NHL history, having scored a career-high 155 points, 65 goals, and 90 assists, in 1988–89 which has been bettered only by Wayne Gretzky and Mario Lemieux.

United States v. Microsoft Corp.

Microsoft's stock plunged when judge Thomas Penfield Jackson sided with the government, saying Microsoft violated the antitrust laws through anti-competitive behavior in the software marketplace. The company allegedly "attempted to monopolize the Web browser market by unlawfully tying its Web browser to its operating system".

A revival of 'The Music Man' begins previews

The Music Man is a musical with book, music, and lyrics by Meredith Willson, based on a story by Willson and Franklin Lacey. A Broadway revival, directed and choreographed by Susan Stroman, opened at the Neil Simon Theatre, where it ran for 699 performances and 22 previews.


Kendall Gill of the New Jersey Nets ties an NBA record

New Jersey Nets' Kendall Gill recorded 11 steals in a game against Miami Heat, tying a single-game record set by San Antonio's Larry Kenon during the 1976–77 season. In this game, he also recorded fifteen points and ten rebounds for a rare Points-Rebounds-Steals triple double.


Fowler performs one of the most infamous goal celebrations of all time

Robbie Fowler was fined £60,000 by his club for bringing the game into disrepute. While celebrating his goal against Liverpool's Merseyside rivals, Everton, Fowler used the white line of the penalty area to simulate cocaine use. Liverpool manager stated that this was a Cameroonian grass-eating celebration, learnt from teammate Rigobert Song.


Michael Jordan reaches 29,000 career points

Michael Jordan joined Wilt Chamberlain and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar in reaching 29,000 total career points in the NBA. Jordan achieved this milestone when his team, the Chicago Bulls, beat the Minnesota Timberwolves 107-93 on April 3, 1998 for their 11th consecutive victory.

Crystal Waters releases 'Gypsy Woman'

"Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)" is a song by American singer Crystal Waters from her debut album Surprise. The song is famous for its "la da dee, la dee da" refrain and its often-sampled keyboard riff. The song is also widely regarded as one of the biggest classics of house music and has been remixed several times.

Writer Graham Greene dies

Graham Greene, an English novelist, died of leukemia and was buried in Corseaux cemetery. Through his works, including over 25 novels, he explored the ambivalent moral and political issues of the modern world, often through a Catholic perspective.


Mario Lemieux wins NHL scoring title, stopping Gretzky

By the 1987–88 season, Wayne Gretzky had won seven consecutive Art Ross Trophies for leading the league in points. That season, fuelled by his Canada Cup experience, Lemieux scored 168 points and won his first NHL scoring title. He also won his first Hart Memorial Trophy as the league's Most Valuable Player to his team.

The first successful portable computer is unveiled in San Francisco

The Osborne 1 was the first commercially successful portable microcomputer, released by Osborne Computer Corporation. It weighed 10.7 kg, cost US$1,795, and ran the CP/M 2.2 operating system. Powered directly from a mains socket as it had no on-board battery, it was still classed as a portable device since it could be hand-carried when packed.

'Star Wars' strikes Oscars

The 50th Academy Awards took place at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles and were hosted by Bob Hope, who hosted the awards for the 19th time. Star Wars won 6 out of 10 nominations, and Annie Hall won 4 out of 5 nominations, including Best Picture, Best Actress, and Best Director.

The UK achieve their third victory

The 21st Eurovision Song Contest took place at the Nederlands Congrescentrum in The Hague, Netherlands. The UK won the contest with a song called "Save Your Kisses for Me" performed by Brotherhood of Man. A total of 18 countries entered the contest.


Anatoly Karpov wins the title of World Champion in a chess by default

The title for the chess world champion remained in Russian hands when the American chess grandmaster Robert James "Bobby" Fischer surrender his title to Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov. Fischer was defeated by default when he could not reach an agreement with the World Chess Federation over the conditions for the match.

The Super Outbreak

The 1974 Super Outbreak was the second-largest tornado outbreak on record for a single 24-hour period, just behind the 2011 Super Outbreak. It was also the most violent tornado outbreak ever recorded, with 30 F4/F5 tornadoes confirmed. From April 3 to 4, 1974, there were 148 tornadoes confirmed in 13 U.S. states and the Canadian province of Ontario. In the United States, tornadoes struck Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, and New York. The entire outbreak caused more than $600 million in damage in the United States with alone, and extensively damaged approximately 900 sq mi (2,331 km2) along with a total combined path length of 2,600 mi (4,184 km). At one point, as many as 15 separate tornadoes were ongoing at the same time.

The first handheld mobile phone call

10 years before a cell phone was first released to the public, the first mobile phone call was made by Motorola researcher Martin Cooper from New York to his rival Dr. Joel Engel of Bell Labs in New Jersey. The phone was an early prototype of the DynaTAC 8000X mobile phone.

Monaco wins Eurovision for the first time

The 16th Eurovision Song Contest took place at the Gaiety Theatre in Dublin, Ireland. Monaco won the contest with a song called "Un banc, un arbre, une rue". A total of 18 countries entered the contest, with Malta making its début in the contest.

Businesswoman Mellody Hobson is born

Mellody Hobson is the president of Ariel Investments and the current Chair of the Board of Directors of DreamWorks Animation. In 2017, she became the 1st African-American woman to lead The Economic Club of Chicago. She is married to George Lucas, with whom she has a daughter.

I've Been to the Mountaintop

Martin Luther King Jr. delivered "I've Been to the Mountaintop", his last speech before his death at the Mason Temple in Memphis, Tennessee. During the speech, he discusses the possibility of his own death. King was fatally shot the next day at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee.

First nuclear power system in space

The United States launched experimental satellite SNAP-10A. It was powered by a small fission reactor. It stopped working after just 43 days due to an electrical component failure. Nuclear power in space offers many advantages. It's independently of sunlight and has lower weight-to-capacity ratio than solar cells.


Boxer Benny Paret dies in ring

Bernardo "Benny the Kid" Paret was a Cuban welterweight boxer who won the World Welterweight Championship twice in the early 1960s. Paret's death occurred 10 days after injuries sustained in a March 1962 title defense against Emile Griffith, televised live and seen by millions on ABC's Fight of the Week.

Samuel Beckett's 'Endgame' premieres in London

Endgame by Samuel Beckett is a one-act play with 4 characters. The play premiered at the Royal Court Theatre in London, in a French-language production directed by Roger Bin. It is considered one of the Beckett's most important works.

Hudsonville-Standale tornado

A large, deadly tornado outbreak produced 47 tornadoes, including an F5 tornado that devastated the Hudsonville and Standale, in Michigan. The Hudsonville-Standale tornado killed 18 persons and injured 340. It also destroyed multiple homes and the historic lighthouse.


Oxford wins 100th famous boat race vs Cambridge

The Boat Race is a side-by-side rowing race between crews from the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge along the River Thames. In a race umpired by former Cambridge rower Kenneth Payne, Oxford won by four-and-a-half lengths in a time of 20 minutes 23 seconds, taking the overall record in the competition to 54–45 in Cambridge's favour.

Truman signs Marshall Plan

The Marshall Plan was an American initiative to aid Western Europe in order to help restart Western European economies after the end of WWII. It aimed to rebuild war-damaged regions, remove trade barriers, modernize industry, improve European prosperity, and prevent the spread of Communism.

British primatologist Jane Goodall is born

Goodall is best known for her study of wild chimpanzees in o Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania. She recorded social and family interactions. Goodall also worked extensively on conservation and animal welfare issues. She has served on the board of the Nonhuman Rights Project.

First flight over Mount Everest

RAF pilots David McIntyre and Douglas Douglas-Hamilton became first men to fly over the highest mountain in the world. They used a two-seat general-purpose biplane, Westland Wallace. It didn't have a pressurized cabin but was fitted with heating and oxygen equipment. The cockpits were fully enclosed.

The second Academy Awards

The 2nd Academy Awards ceremony took place at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles and were hosted by William C. DeMille. No film won more than one Oscar that year. The Divine Lady won Best Director, and The Broadway Melody won Outstanding Picture.


The first black NBA player Earl Lloyd is born

Earl Francis Lloyd was an American professional basketball player. He was the first black player to have played a game in the National Basketball Association. He was inducted into the Virginia Sports Hall of Fame in 1993, the CIAA Hall of Fame in 1998, and in 2003 to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame as a contributor.

Emmeline Pankhurst is sentenced to 3 years in jail

As was usual for many other suffragettes, Emmeline was arrested on numerous occasions. She was sent to prison and went on hunger strike. During that time, she had a horrifying experience with women being forcibly fed by prison officials. She wrote about the suffering during those days in her autobiography.

Businessman Henry R. Luce is born

Henry Luce, an American magazine magnate, launched and supervised a group of magazines that transformed journalism and the reading habits of many Americans. Those magazines include Time, Life, Fortune, and Sports Illustrated. Luce was also an influential member of the Republican Party.

British desert explorer Ralph Bagnold is born

He is known for his book The Physics of Blown Sand and Desert Dunes. It laid the foundations for the research on sand transport by wind. It is still used, even by NASA in studying sand dunes on Mars. Bagnold also invented a sun compass, which is not affected by large metal deposits found in the desert areas or by metal vehicles as a magnetic compass might be.

American outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford

In the early morning, Ford brothers betrayed the famous outlaw Jesse James. He was shot in the back of his head by Robert Ford while cleaning the dust from the picture. As it turned out, Bob Ford negotiated a deal with Missouri Governor Thomas Crittenden. James was identified by his fingers and previous bullet wounds.

Pony Express mail service founded

The Pony Express was a mail service founded by William H. Russell, Alexander Majors, and William B. Waddell. During its 19 months of operation, it reduced the time for messages to travel between the Atlantic and Pacific coasts to about 10 days.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1924

Marlon Brando

born 1961

Eddie Murphy

born 1992

Young M.A

born 1958

Alec Baldwin