Video encyclopedia

Flashback archive

Saint Petersburg metro bombing

A terrorist attack using an explosive device occurred on the Saint Petersburg Metro between Sennaya Ploshchad and Tekhnologichesky Institut stations, killing 15 people and injuring at least 45. The suspected perpetrator behind the attacks was identified as Akbarzhon Jalilov.

Panama Papers leak

The Panama Papers are 11.5 million leaked documents that detail financial and attorney–client information for more than 214,488 offshore entities. The documents, some dating back to the 1970s, were created by, and taken from, Panamanian law firm and corporate service provider Mossack Fonseca, and were leaked in 2015 by an anonymous source.

Disney’s "Frozen" breaks record for highest-grossing animated film

Frozen earned $1.2 billion in worldwide box office revenue, including $400 million in the United States and Canada and $247 million in Japan, and thus became the highest-grossing animated film of all time, followed by Minions and Toy Story 3.

The first iPad goes on sale

Apple launched iPad, a handheld touchscreen computer capable of browsing the web, playing music, videos, games and much more. As of January 2015, Apple had sold more than 250 million iPads worldwide and it is now the second-most popular kind of tablet computer.

Iowa's Supreme Court legalizes gay marriage

Same-sex marriage in Iowa was legalized by the Iowa Supreme Court, making Iowa the fourth U.S. state to legalize same-sex marriage, after Connecticut, Massachusetts, and California. The court determined that denying marriage licenses on the basis of sexual orientation violated the equal protection clause of the Iowa Constitution.


Steve Yzerman scores his final NHL goal

In 2006, Steve Yzerman officially retired from professional hockey, finishing his career ranked as the seventh all-time leading scorer in NHL history, having scored a career-high 155 points, 65 goals, and 90 assists, in 1988–89 which has been bettered only by Wayne Gretzky and Mario Lemieux.

Video game Doom 3: Resurrection of Evil is released

Doom 3: Resurrection of Evil is a first-person shooter video game developed by Nerve Software and published by Activision. The game features 12 new single player levels, 6 new enemies, 4 new multiplayer maps, and new weapons such as the double-barreled shotgun originating from Doom II.

United States v. Microsoft Corp.

Microsoft's stock plunged when judge Thomas Penfield Jackson sided with the government, saying Microsoft violated the antitrust laws through anti-competitive behavior in the software marketplace. The company allegedly "attempted to monopolize the Web browser market by unlawfully tying its Web browser to its operating system".


Kendall Gill of the New Jersey Nets ties an NBA record

New Jersey Nets' Kendall Gill recorded 11 steals in a game against Miami Heat, tying a single-game record set by San Antonio's Larry Kenon during the 1976–77 season. In this game, he also recorded fifteen points and ten rebounds for a rare Points-Rebounds-Steals triple double.


Michael Jordan reaches 29,000 career points in a 107-93 win over Minnesota

Michael Jordan joined Wilt Chamberlain and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar in reaching 29,000 total career points in the NBA. Jordan achieved this milestone when his team, the Chicago Bulls, beat the Minnesota Timberwolves 107-93 on April 3, 1998 for their 11th consecutive victory.

Writer Graham Greene dies

Graham Greene, an English novelist, died of leukemia and was buried in Corseaux cemetery. Through his works, including over 25 novels, he explored the ambivalent moral and political issues of the modern world, often through a Catholic perspective.

Actress Amanda Bynes is born

Amanda Bynes rose to fame as a child star in the late 1990s and early 2000s on the Nickelodeon series All That and The Amanda Show. She starred in several films, including What a Girl Wants, Love Wrecked, She's the Man, Hairspray, Sydney White, and Easy A.

Singer Leona Lewis is born

Leona Lewis rose to fame when she won the 3rd series of The X Factor in 2006. In 2007, she released her debut album called Spirit, which became the 4th best selling album of the 2000s. The album's lead single, Bleeding Love, spent 7 weeks at number one.

Actress Cobie Smulders is born

Cobie Smulders, a Canadian actress, and model, she is best known for portraying Robin Scherbatsky on the television comedy series How I Met Your Mother. She is also known for starring as Maria Hill in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. In 2016, she appeared with Tom Cruise in the action-adventure film Jack Reacher: Never Go Back.

The 50th Academy Awards

The 50th Academy Awards took place at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles and were hosted by Bob Hope, who hosted the awards for the 19th time. Star Wars won 6 out of 10 nominations, and Annie Hall won 4 out of 5 nominations, including Best Picture, Best Actress, and Best Director.

The 21st Eurovision Song Contest

The 21st Eurovision Song Contest took place at the Nederlands Congrescentrum in The Hague, Netherlands. The UK won the contest with a song called "Save Your Kisses for Me" performed by Brotherhood of Man. A total of 18 countries entered the contest.


Anatoly Karpov wins the title of World Champion in a chess by default

The title for the chess world champion remained in Russian hands when the American chess grandmaster Robert James "Bobby" Fischer surrender his title to Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov. Fischer was defeated by default when he could not reach an agreement with the World Chess Federation over the conditions for the match.

The Super Outbreak

The 1974 Super Outbreak was the second-largest tornado outbreak on record for a single 24-hour period, just behind the 2011 Super Outbreak. It was also the most violent tornado outbreak ever recorded, with 30 F4/F5 tornadoes confirmed. From April 3 to 4, 1974, there were 148 tornadoes confirmed in 13 U.S. states and the Canadian province of Ontario. In the United States, tornadoes struck Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, and New York. The entire outbreak caused more than $600 million in damage in the United States alone, and extensively damaged approximately 900 sq mi (2,331 km2) along a total combined path length of 2,600 mi (4,184 km). At one point, as many as 15 separate tornadoes were ongoing at the same time.

The first handheld mobile phone call

10 years before a cell phone was first released to the public, the first mobile phone call was made by Motorola researcher Martin Cooper from New York to his rival Dr. Joel Engel of Bell Labs in New Jersey. The phone was an early prototype of the DynaTAC 8000X mobile phone.

The 16th Eurovision Song Contest

The 16th Eurovision Song Contest took place at the Gaiety Theatre in Dublin, Ireland. Monaco won the contest with a song called "Un banc, un arbre, une rue". A total of 18 countries entered the contest, with Malta making its début in the contest.

Businesswoman Mellody Hobson is born

Mellody Hobson is the president of Ariel Investments and the current Chair of the Board of Directors of DreamWorks Animation. In 2017, she became the 1st African-American woman to lead The Economic Club of Chicago. She is married to George Lucas, with whom she has a daughter.

"I've Been to the Mountaintop" speech

Martin Luther King Jr. delivered "I've Been to the Mountaintop", his last speech before his death at the Mason Temple in Memphis, Tennessee. During the speech, he discusses the possibility of his own death. King was fatally shot the next day at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee.

First nuclear power system in space

The United States launched experimental satellite SNAP-10A. It was powered by a small fission reactor. It stopped working after just 43 days due to an electrical component failure. Nuclear power in space offers many advantages. It's independently of sunlight and has lower weight-to-capacity ratio than solar cells.

British politician Nigel Farage is born

Farage was born in Downe, in Kent, England. After finishing his studies at Dulwich College, he started working instead of going to university. He joined the Conservative Party during his school days, which he later left and founded UKIP. Since then, he was elected to the European Parliament number of times.


Boxer Benny Paret dies in ring

Bernardo "Benny the Kid" Paret was a Cuban welterweight boxer who won the World Welterweight Championship twice in the early 1960s. Paret's death occurred 10 days after injuries sustained in a March 1962 title defense against Emile Griffith, televised live and seen by millions on ABC's Fight of the Week.

Actor Eddie Murphy is born

Eddie Murphy is a well known stand-up comedian, actor, and voice actor. In 2007, he won the Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor for his portrayal of soul singer James "Thunder" Early in Dreamgirls. He was also awarded the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor.

Actor Alec Baldwin is born

Alec Baldwin rose to prominence when he appeared in the CBS television drama Knots Landing. From 2006 to 2013, he starred as Jack Donaghy on the NBC sitcom 30 Rock, winning 2 Emmy Awards, 3 Golden Globe Awards, and 7 Screen Actors Guild Awards. In 2016, he portrayed Donald Trump on the long-running sketch series Saturday Night Live.

Samuel Beckett's "Endgame" premieres in London

Endgame by Samuel Beckett is a one-act play with 4 characters. The play premiered at the Royal Court Theatre in London, in a French-language production directed by Roger Bin. It is considered one of the Beckett's most important works.

Hudsonville-Standale tornado

A large, deadly tornado outbreak produced 47 tornadoes, including an F5 tornado that devastated the Hudsonville and Standale, in Michigan. The Hudsonville-Standale tornado killed 18 persons and injured 340. It also destroyed multiple homes and the historic lighthouse.

Truman signs Marshall Plan

The Marshall Plan was an American initiative to aid Western Europe in order to help restart Western European economies after the end of WWII. It aimed to rebuild war-damaged regions, remove trade barriers, modernize industry, improve European prosperity, and prevent the spread of Communism.

British primatologist Jane Goodall is born

Goodall is best known for her study of wild chimpanzees in o Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania. She recorded social and family interactions. Goodall also worked extensively on conservation and animal welfare issues. She has served on the board of the Nonhuman Rights Project.

First flight over Mount Everest

RAF pilots David McIntyre and Douglas Douglas-Hamilton became first men to fly over the highest mountain in the world. They used a two-seat general-purpose biplane, Westland Wallace. It didn't have a pressurized cabin but was fitted with heating and oxygen equipment. The cockpits were fully enclosed.

The second Academy Awards

The 2nd Academy Awards ceremony took place at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles and were hosted by William C. DeMille. No film won more than one Oscar that year. The Divine Lady won Best Director, and The Broadway Melody won Outstanding Picture.


The first black NBA player Earl Lloyd is born

Earl Francis Lloyd was an American professional basketball player. He was the first black player to have played a game in the National Basketball Association. He was inducted into the Virginia Sports Hall of Fame in 1993, the CIAA Hall of Fame in 1998, and in 2003 to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame as a contributor.

Actor Marlon Brando is born

Award-winning actor Marlon Brando Jr. was born on April 3, 1924 in Omaha, Neb. Brando is often called the greatest actor of all time. He is best known for his roles in The Godfather, On the Waterfront, and A Streetcar Named Desire. His style of acting was something never before seen and later adopted by many of his successors.

Actress Doris Day is born

Doris Day began her career as a big band singer. During her solo career, she recorded more than 650 songs. In 1948, she began her film career with the film Romance on the High Seas. She received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress.

British suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst is sentenced to 3 years in jail

As was usual for many other suffragettes, Emmeline was arrested on numerous occasions. She was sent to prison and went on hunger strike. During that time, she had a horrifying experience with women being forcibly fed by prison officials. She wrote about the suffering during those days in her autobiography.

Businessman Henry R. Luce is born

Henry Luce, an American magazine magnate, launched and supervised a group of magazines that transformed journalism and the reading habits of many Americans. Those magazines include Time, Life, Fortune, and Sports Illustrated. Luce was also an influential member of the Republican Party.

British desert explorer Ralph Bagnold is born

He is known for his book The Physics of Blown Sand and Desert Dunes. It laid the foundations for the research on sand transport by wind. It is still used, even by NASA in studying sand dunes on Mars. Bagnold also invented a sun compass, which is not affected by large metal deposits found in the desert areas or by metal vehicles as a magnetic compass might be.

American outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford

In the early morning, Ford brothers betrayed the famous outlaw Jesse James. He was shot in the back of his head by Robert Ford while cleaning the dust from the picture. As it turned out, Bob Ford negotiated a deal with Missouri Governor Thomas Crittenden. James was identified by his fingers and previous bullet wounds.

Pony Express mail service founded

The Pony Express was a mail service founded by William H. Russell, Alexander Majors, and William B. Waddell. During its 19 months of operation, it reduced the time for messages to travel between the Atlantic and Pacific coasts to about 10 days.

Writer Washington Irving is born

Washington Irving, an American author, and diplomat is best known for his short stories called Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow. He also wrote biographies of Oliver Goldsmith, Muhammad, and George Washington. From 1842 to 1846, he served as the U.S. ambassador to Spain.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1924

Marlon Brando

born 1961

Eddie Murphy

born 1958

Alec Baldwin