Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Pink Star diamond sets world record price of $71 million for a gem

The Pink Star is a diamond weighing 59.60 carats, rated in color as Fancy Vivid Pink by the Gemological Institute of America. It was mined by De Beers in 1999 in South Africa. The Pink Star was sold at an auction in Hong Kong for $71 million to Chow Tai Fook Enterprises.

Google announces “Project Glass”

Google Glass is a brand of smart glasses, an optical head-mounted display designed in the shape of a pair of eyeglasses. It was developed by X with the mission of producing a ubiquitous computer, which would display information in a smartphone-like, hands-free format.

Alibaba is founded

Alibaba Group is a Chinese multinational e-commerce, retail, Internet, AI, and technology conglomerate. It was founded by Jack Ma and Peng Lei. Its name comes from the character Ali Baba from the Arabian literature One Thousand and One Nights.

Mosaic Communications Corporation is founded

Mosaic Communications Corporation, currently Netscape, was founded by Jim Clark, Marc Andreessen, and William Foss. It was the 1st company to attempt to capitalize on the nascent World Wide Web. Its 1st product was the web browser, called Mosaic Netscape 0.9.

President Ronald Reagan calls for an international ban on chemical weapons

Reagan opened his 23rd formal news conference Wednesday evening by announcing plans to offer the Soviet Union a global ban on chemical weapons during the upcoming meeting of the U.N. Committee on Disarmament in Geneva. Opponents of the chemical weapons program assailed his motives.

Microsoft is founded

At a time when most Americans use typewriters, childhood friends Bill Gates and Paul Allen founded Microsoft, a company that makes computer software. The pair were total computer geeks in an age when any access to computers was hard to come by. The original name of "Micro-Soft" was suggested by Allen.

World Trade Center opens

The original World Trade Center was a large complex of 7 buildings in Lower Manhattan, New York City. It featured the landmark Twin Towers, which were destroyed in 2001 during the September 11 attacks. At the time of their completion, the Twin Towers were the tallest buildings in the world.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated

Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist minister and social activist who played a key role in the American civil rights movement. While standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated.

NATO is formed

NATO was established under the North Atlantic Treaty, signed in Washington by 10 Western European countries and two from North America. The essence of NATO is collective defense, which provides mutual assistance, including military aid, in case of an attack on a party or parties to the Treaty.

US forces liberate the Nazi death camp Ohrdruf in Germany

The concentration camp near Ohrdruf was the 1st Nazi concentration camp liberated by US troops. After soldiers of 4th Armored Division and 89th Infantry Division entered the camp, they discovered piles of bodies. Following this, General Eisenhower requested a band of a journalist to let the world know of the Nazi crimes.

First bombardment of oil refineries in Bucharest by Anglo-American forces

Bucharest was heavily bombarded by Allied planes but included a bombing by Nazi Germany after the royal coup. The bombardments targeted Ploiesti oil fields, Brasov factories, Turnu Severin port and train station.The official toll was 2,942 dead and 2,126 wounded.

Automobile manufacturer Karl Benz dies

Karl Benz died at his home in Ladenburg, Germany, at the age of 84 from a bronchial inflammation. The Benz home has been later designated as historic and is used as a scientific meeting facility for a nonprofit foundation, that honors Karl Benz and his wife Bertha for their roles in the history of automobiles.

Jeannette Rankin begins her term as 1st woman member of US House of Reps

Jeannette Rankin was a politician, lifelong pacifist and women's rights advocate. Her campaign for a seat in the congressional election was supported by her brother Wellington. She was later elected and become one of the fifty Congress members to vote against the declaration of war on Germany during WWI.

The city of Los Angeles is incorporated

After the end of the Mexican-American War, LA and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and became part of the US. Roughly 2 years later, LA was incorporated as a municipality, governing over the adjacent area. In 5 months after this, California achieved statehood.

John Tyler becomes the 10th President of the United States

When former president Harrison died in office, the Cabinet met and determined that Tyler would be Vice-President acting President. However, Tyler had himself sworn as President and took the oath, therefore becoming the youngest man to assume the office to that point. He kept the Harrison's cabinet members as his own.

Robert Walpole becomes the first British prime minister

The resignation of Sunderland and the death of Stanhope left Walpole as the most important figure in the administration. He was appointed First Lord of the Treasury, Chancellor of the Exchequer and Leader of the House of Commons. Walpole's de facto tenure as "Prime Minister" is often dated to his appointment as First Lord of the Treasury.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous