Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Münster attack

A man drove a van with an attempt to kill into people seated outside restaurants in the old part of Münster. The attack claimed lives of 2 people and left about 20 more injured, 6 out of them seriously. Another 2 people died later due to injuries suffered. The perpetrator was a 48 year old small-time criminal Jens Rüther.

Douma chemical attack

The Syrian city of Douma was targeted by a chemical attack that reportedly killed at least 70 people. According to rebel forces and number of countries, it was conducted by the Syrian Army, despite them claiming it did not happen and evidence was staged. The Syrian American Medical Society reported over 500 injured people.

Gayari Sector avalanche

Pakistani military base in Gayari Sector was hit by an avalanche that trapped 140 soldiers and civilians under the snow. Due to low avalanche risk, Gayari was a bigger complex that housed more soldiers than other bases. The location of the base at an altitude of about 4,000 meters made the rescue attempts futile.

'Anything Goes' returns to Broadway

Anything Goes is a musical by Cole Porter, Guy Bolton and P. G. Wodehouse. The musical saw several revivals in the US and Britain since its debut. The 2011 Broadway Revival took place at the Stephen Sondheim Theatre. The production won 13 awards, including Tony Award and Outer Critics Circle Award for Best Revival of a Musical.

'Star Trek' premieres at the Sydney Opera House, Australia

First of several world premieres of the new Star Trek movie took place at Sydney Opera House. It was only the 3rd time a movie had its debut there. It was one day prior to the US opening. Director J. J. Abrams and cast were present. The movie then became a huge box office success, grossing over $385.7 million around the world.

'Rock of Ages' opens on Broadway at the Brooks Atkinson Theatre

Rock of Ages is a jukebox musical by Chris D’Arienzo that features songs from several well-known rock bands. The Broadway production of the musical opened at the Brooks Atkinson Theatre. It was nominated for 9 Awards, out of which it had won Theatre World Award for Wesley Taylor’s performance as Franz.

Indian physicist Gopalasamudram Ramachandran dies

Ramachandran was known for his research on peptides, the basic stones of life. He invented a way to visualize energetically allowed shapes of their molecules. Such visualizations are now called Ramachandran plots. He was also first who proposed a triple-helical model for the structure of collagen, most abundant protein in human body.

Mars Odyssey launch

Odyssey was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and reached Mars orbit on October 24, 2001. Its mission is to use spectrometers and a thermal imager to detect evidence of past or present water and ice, as well as study the planet's geology and radiation environment.

Scandinavian Star is set on fire, killing 159 people

MS Scandinavian Star was set on fire which on its route between Oslo, Norway and Frederikshavn, Denmark. Technical difficulties and the fact that many of the crew did not speak English, Norwegian or Danish, made the situation worse. By the time the ship was towed to Lysekil in Sweden and fire suppressed, 158 people died.

Sir Clive Sinclair sold his computer business for £5m to rival Amstrad

Sinclair Research sold the Sinclair trademark and computer business to Amstrad for £5 million. Sinclair Research Ltd. was reduced to an R&D business and holding company, with shareholdings in several spin-off companies, formed to exploit technologies developed by the company.


WrestleMania II

WrestleMania 2 was the second annual WrestleMania professional wrestling pay-per-view event produced by the World Wrestling Federation (WWF). The event took place on Monday, April 7, 1986, making it the only WrestleMania that was not held on the customary Sunday. The events took place at three venues: the Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale, New York; the Rosemont Horizon in Rosemont, Illinois; and the Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena in Los Angeles, California.

First Shuttle spacewalk

American astronauts Story Musgrave and Donald H. Peterson conducted first extravehicular activity from the board of a space shuttle. The shuttle in question was Challenger. Musgrave and Peterson used brand new spacesuits designed especially for the shuttle missions. Their spacewalk lasted 4 hours and 17 minutes.


France midfielder Franck Ribery is born

Franck Ribéry was born in Boulogne, a coastal city in Northern France. He began playing at the age of 6, in the youth section of amateur club FC Conti de Boulogne-sur-Mer. His 1st professional club was a 2nd division team Lille. He got into Ligue 1 thanks to Metz and after few years left French league for Bayern Munich.

Rick James releases album 'Street Songs'

Street Songs is the fifth album by American musician Rick James, released via Gordy Records. "Give It to Me Baby", the lead song and single from the album, became James' second #1 single on the R&B chart. It spent five weeks at the top spot. The fifth song on the album, "Super Freak", was also one of James' biggest hits.

Donald Trump weds Ivana Zelníčková

Donald Trump married Czech model Ivana Zelníčková at the Marble Collegiate Church in Manhattan, in a ceremony performed by the Reverend Norman Vincent Peale. Together they had 3 children: Donald Jr., Ivanka, and Eric. The couple divorced in 1992.

Luxembourg receives second consecutive Eurovision victory

The 18th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest was held in Luxembourg. It was won by the Luxembourg entry, "Tu te reconnaîtras", this being Luxembourg's fourth win. The voting was a very close one, with Spain finishing only 4 points behind and Cliff Richard of the United Kingdom another 2 points after.

X-rated movie wins the Academy Award for Best Picture

The 42nd Academy Awards were presented at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, California. This was the first Academy Awards ceremony to be broadcast via satellite to an international audience, but only outside North America. Mexico and Brazil were the sole countries to broadcast the event live.

The Internet's symbolic birth date

The inception of the Request for Comments format occurred as part of the seminal ARPANET project. RFC 1, entitled "Host Software", was written by Steve Crocker of the University of California, Los Angeles.


Motor racing world champion Jim Clark is killed in an accident

Jim Clark, one of the most naturally talented motor racing driver was killed when his Lotus-Cosworth left the German track and roll into a wood at about 170mph during a Formula Two race. The cause of the accident could have been a fault in the steering mechanism or rear-axle suspension.

Ebert publishes his very first movie review in the Chicago Sun-Times

On his very first day at his new job, Ebert’s wrote his first review as critic of the French New Wave film Galia, this was published in the Chicago Sun-Times' Sunday magazine. Roger Ebert was 24. The opening paragraph is typical Roger, situating the film within the context of then-current trends in film making.

IBM announces the System/360

IBM System/360 was revolutionary in content and unprecedented in scope. It marked a turning point in the emerging field of information science and the understanding of complex systems. It combines microelectronic technology, which makes possible operating speeds measured in billionths of a second.

'High Spirits' opens on Broadway at the Alvin Theatre

High Spirits is a musical by Hugh Martin and Timothy Gray, based on the play Blithe Spirit. Its only Broadway production opened at the Alvin Theatre after 14 previews. The musical ran there for almost a year, closing after 375 performances. The production was nominated for 8 Tony Awards, yet did not win any.

Winston Churchill resigns as Prime Minister

Aware that he was slowing down both physically and mentally, Churchill at last retired as prime minister in 1955 and was succeeded by Anthony Eden. At the time of his departure, he was considered to have had the longest ministerial career in modern British politics.

'South Pacific' opens on Broadway

South Pacific is a musical by Richard Rogers, Oscar Hammerstein and Joshua Logan. It saw its premiere on Broadway, at Majestic Theatre. The production enjoyed huge critical and box-office success. It won 10 Tony Awards, including Best Musical Award. It became the 2nd longest running Broadway Musical to that point.

The Japanese battleship Yamato is sunk by American planes

The Japanese battleship Yamato,the largest battleships ever built in history was sunk in Japan’s first major counterattack on the ground in the struggle for Okinawa. Displacing 71,659 tons and capable of 27 knots. Over 3,000 sailors died when she exploded and sank.


NFL made helmets mandatory

At the beginning of professional football, the protective helmets were optional. Accidents tended to happen during the game, so in order to protect the players from catastrophic brain injuries, the NFL made helmets compulsory for all players. Over the course of years, the materials changed, making them more safe and comfortable.

The first African American to be depicted on a US postage stamp

President Franklin D. Roosevelt directed that Washington be considered for the new stamp series. Booker T. Washington was the first African-American that appeared on a United States postage stamp. He was known for being one of the best orators of his time who used his oration skills to be the voice for African-Americans.

Italy invades Albania

The Italian invasion of Albania was a result of the imperialist policies of Italian dictator Mussolini. Albania was already dependent on Italy’s economy. It seems that 100,000 Italian soldiers and 600 aircraft were involved in the action. A personal union between Italy and Albania was proclaimed.

National Beer Day, marking the end of prohibition in the U.S.

National Beer Day marks the day that the Cullen–Harrison Act was enacted after having been signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The Act allowed people to buy, sell, and drink beer containing up to 3.2% alcohol by weight (or 4.05% by volume) in states that had enacted their own law allowing such sales.


Lester Patrick became the oldest person to appear as a player in a Stanley Cup Final

Curtis Lester Patrick was a professional ice hockey player and coach. Patrick is famous for an incident which occurred during the Stanley Cup finals of 1928. At the age of 44 years, while serving as coach and general manager of the Rangers, Patrick inserted himself into the playoff game in April to play goal against the Montreal Maroons.

Kenneth Oakley is born

Kenneth Oakley was an English physical anthropologist, geologist, and paleontologist. He developed a method to date fossils bones by measuring their fluoride levels, based on a French mineralogist's theory that bones would gradually absorb fluoride from surrounding soil.

Nansen at 86°14′

Norwegian explorers Fridtjof Nansen and Hjalmar Johansen reached 86°13.6′N. They wanted to reach the North Pole (90°N) but were unsuccessful and retreated. Before final attempt to reach Pole overland Nansen and his crew drifted 18 months through the Arctic Ocean aboard his ship Fram frozen into a pack of ice.

The Battle of Cumberland Church

Army of the Union suffered a defeat at the hands of Confederate forces near Farmville in Virginia. The battle was part of Appomattox Campaign during American Civil War. Confederate forces fortified the high ground around the church which was too strong for Union soldiers to take and they were forced to stop their attacks.

American industrialist Will Keith Kellogg is born

Keith Kellogg founded a Kellogg Company, which exist to this day and produces breakfast cereals. The cereals itself were an invention of his brother, John Harvey Kellogg, physician and anti-masturbation activist. Both brothers belonged to Seventh-Day Adventist Church and promoted healthy living.

John Walker sells the first friction match

Walker sold his first "Friction Light" from his pharmacy in Stockton on Tees. Walker's first friction matches were made of cardboard but he soon began to use wooden splints cut by hand. His invention of the friction light actually happened almost by accident the year before.

The first performance of Beethoven's 'Missa Solemnis'

The Missa Solemnis in D major, Op. 123, is a solemn mass composed by Ludwig van Beethoven from 1819 to 1823. It was first performed in St. Petersburg, Russia, under the auspices of Beethoven's patron Prince Nikolai Galitzin.

Premiere of Beethoven's 'Eroica'

The Symphony No. 3 in E♭ major, Op. 55 is a symphony in four movements by Ludwig van Beethoven. One of the composer's most celebrated works, the Eroica symphony is a large-scale composition that marked the beginning of Beethoven's creative middle-period.

Premiere performance of J. S. Bach's 'St John Passion'

Bach's St John Passion was first performed in the St. Nicholas Church in Leipzig, shortly after Bach’s 39th birthday. It is a musically extravagant setting full of bad feeling and intensity yet surprising in its beauty. It is Bach’s the most controversial work.

Charles University is founded in Prague

Charles University is the oldest and largest university in Czechia and it was the first university in Central Europe. It is one of the oldest universities in Europe in continuous operation and ranks in the upper 1.5 percent of the world’s best universities. Charles University consists of 17 faculties.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1929

Bob Denard

born 1987

Michael Page

born 1982

Tyron Woodley