Video encyclopedia

Flashback archive

"Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2" premieres in Toyko

Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 is an American superhero movie based on the Marvel Comics superhero team Guardians of the Galaxy, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. It is the sequel to Guardians of the Galaxy and the fifteenth movie in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.

"The Amazing Spider-Man 2" premieres in London

The Amazing Spider-Man 2 is an American superhero film featuring the Marvel Comics character Spider-Man. The film was directed by Marc Webb and was produced by Avi Arad and Matt Tolmach. It is the second and final film in The Amazing Spider-Man franchise.

Apple Inc. claims a value of $600 billion

Apple's valuation briefly crossed the $600 billion mark. After Microsoft in 1999, Apple was the 2nd company to achieve that milestone. Apple's new record came less than six weeks after it reached the $500 billion mark, another exceptional achievement.

Polish Air Force Tu-154 crashes

Polish aircraft carrying 89 passengers and 7 crew members crashed into the forest near Smolensk in Russia. The accident proved to be fatal for everyone on the board. Besides the number of parliament members, military officers and other officials, there was also the President of Poland Lech Kaczyński with his wife Maria.

Sony Blu-Ray players hit store shelves for the first time

The BDZ-S77 was the first model of Sony Blu-Ray players, however, it didn’t sell too well because of the $3800 price tag attached to it. Moreover, no movies in the Blu-Ray format were available. The first Blu-Ray movies didn’t hit shelves until 2006.

Air France and British Airways announced Concorde retirement

Air France and British Airways retired Concorde because of low passenger numbers, following the 25 July 2000 crash, the slump in air travel following the September 11 attacks, and rising maintenance costs. It was the last aircraft in the British Airways fleet that had a flight engineer.


The fewest points scored by an NBA team in a game

In a season full of lows and suspicious records the Chicago Bulls wanted no part of, they reached new depths. The Miami Heat beat Chicago Bull 82-49, marking the fewest points scored by any NBA team since the introduction of the shot clock in the 1954-55 season.

Northern Ireland peace deal reached in a historic "Good Friday Agreement"

Good Friday Agreement was signed in Belfast, Northern Ireland between Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland and the UK. It was approved by voters in two referendums across the island of Ireland. It related mostly to issues of sovereignty, civil and cultural rights, justice and weapon decommissioning.

Actress Daisy Ridley is born

Daisy Jazz Isobel Ridley is an English actress. She appeared in minor television roles and short films before being cast in the lead role of Rey in the Star Wars sequel trilogy, appearing in Star Wars: The Force Awakens and Star Wars: The Last Jedi. She portrayed Mary Debenham in Murder on the Orient Express.

Benazir Bhutto returns to Pakistan

After the martial laws in Pakistan were lifted, Bhutto decided to return home. At the day of her arrival at Lahore Airport, she as greeted by a huge crowd of People’s Party of Pakistan supporters. Around 2 million people came in order to see her speak at Iqbal Park. At the site, she rallied against a regime of Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.


Canadian professional ice hockey player Dion Phaneuf is born

Dion Phaneuf is a Canadian professional ice hockey defenceman for the Los Angeles Kings of the National Hockey League. He has previously played for the Calgary Flames, Toronto Maple Leafs, and Ottawa Senators, serving as captain in Toronto and as an alternate captain in both Calgary and Ottawa.


Los Angeles Kings come back from a 5-0 deficit

The Miracle on Manchester is the nickname given to a NHL playoff game between the Los Angeles Kings and Edmonton Oilers that took place in April 1982 in the league's 65th season. The Kings completed the largest comeback in NHL playoff history, going from being down 5-0 to win the game 6-5 in overtime.

Tombs containing bamboo slips are accidentally discovered

The Yinqueshan Han Slips are ancient Chinese writing tablets from the Western Han Dynasty. The bamboo slips were discovered in the Yinqueshan Han Tombs. The slips included 13 fragment chapters from Sunzi's The Art of War and 16 chapters of Sun Bin's Art of War.

The 44th Academy Awards

The 44th Academy Awards were presented at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles. The ceremonies were presided over by Helen Hayes, Alan King, Sammy Davis Jr., and Jack Lemmon. One of the highlights of the evening was the appearance of Betty Grable, battling cancer at the time, who made one of her last public appearances.

Paul McCartney announces that he is leaving The Beatles

An ambiguous Paul McCartney self-interview was seized upon by the international media as an official announcement of a Beatles breakup. The occasion for the statements Paul released to the press that day was the upcoming release of his debut solo album, McCartney.

The 40th Academy Awards

The 40th Academy Awards honored film achievements of that year. Due to the increasing rarity of black and white feature films, the awards for cinematography, art direction, and costume design were combined into single categories. The Best Picture nominees were an eclectic group of films reflecting the chaos of their era.

The 39th Academy Awards

The 39th Academy Awards were held at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium in Santa Monica, California. Only two of the Best Picture nominees also had nominations for Best Director; Fred Zinnemann's lavish and thoughtful biopic A Man for All Seasons and Mike Nichols' bold and taboo-breaking drama Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?

Suez Canal is cleared and opened for all ships after Suez crises

Because of the Suez Crisis, the Suez Canal was closed from October 1956 as a result of damage and ships sunk. It was reopened after it was cleared with UN assistance. A UN force was established to maintain both the free navigability of the canal and peace in the Sinai Peninsula.

Polio vaccine

Virologist Jonas Salk developed the first vaccine against polio. He made it from inactivated poliovirus. Six years later, another vaccine that uses weakened poliovirus was developed by Albert Sabin. These two medicines caused that poliomyelitis is close to eradication.

Warner Bros. premieres the first 3-D film from a major American studio

House of Wax is about a disfigured sculptor who repopulates his destroyed wax museum by murdering people and using their wax-coated corpses as displays. American horror film starring Vincent Price. House of Wax is Warner Bros's remake of 1933 film Mystery of the Wax Museum. It was the first color 3-D feature.

Actor Steven Seagal is born

Steven Frederic Seagal is an American actor, producer, screenwriter, director, martial artist, and musician who holds American, Russian, and Serbian citizenship. A 7th-dan black belt in aikido, Seagal began his adult life as a martial arts instructor in Japan; becoming the first foreigner to operate an aikido dojo in the country.


NFL coach and commentator John Madden is born

John Madden is a former broadcaster and coach for the NFL. He won a Super Bowl as head coach of the Oakland Raiders in the American Football Conference of the NFL, and after retiring from coaching became a known color commentator for NFL telecasts. In 2006, he was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in recognition of his coaching career.

American biochemist Marshall Warren Nirenberg is born

Nirenberg was one of the people who broke the genetic code. Proteins are chains of twenty basic amino acids. Their order is written in DNA. Every acid is coded by a group of three bases. Nirenberg together with Heinrich Matthaei discovered first association of such triplet with actual amino acid.

"The Great Gatsby" by F. Scott Fitzgerald is published

Seeking a change of scenery to spark his creativity Fitzgerald moved to France, and it was there, in Valescure, that Fitzgerald wrote what would be credited as his greatest novel, The Great Gatsby that follows a cast of characters living in the fictional town of West Egg on prosperous Long Island.

American chemist Robert Burns Woodward is born

Woodward is known for his syntheses of complex organic substances, sometimes called Chuck Norris of organic chemistry. He synthesized antimalarial quinine, the steroids cholesterol, and cortisone, vitamin B12, lysergic acid, ergonovine, etc. Woodward also established the structure of antibiotics aureomycin and terramycin.

Actor Harry Morgan is born

Harry Morgan was an American actor and director whose television and film career spanned six decades. Morgan's major roles included Pete Porter in both December Bride and Pete and Gladys; Officer Bill Gannon on Dragnet; Amos Coogan on Hec Ramsey; and his starring role as Colonel Sherman T. Potter in M*A*S*H and AfterMASH.

RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton, England on her maiden and only voyage

Titanic's maiden voyage began. 923 passengers boarded Titanic at Southampton, 179 First Class, 247 Second Class and 494 Third Class. After making it safely through the complex tides and channels of Southampton Water and the Solent, Titanic headed out into the English Channel.

The Siege of Fort Pulaski

Siege of Fort Pulaski concluded with final battle where Union forces took the fort from the hands of the Confederate army. Union attacked with their navy and launched a 30-hour long bombardment. New 30-ponder Parrot Rifle cannons were used in the battle. Their accuracy and destructive power made a significant impact on the outcome.

Safety pin

Walter Hunt patented a pin which includes a simple spring mechanism and a clasp. He sold his invention for $400. However, safety pins existed prior to this patent. They were already patented in Great Britain. During the emergence of punk rock in the late seventies, safety pins became associated with the genre.

Joseph Pulitzer is born

Joseph Pulitzer was born to a wealthy family of Magyar-Jewish origin in Mako, Hungary. Newspaper editor and publisher Joseph Pulitzer helped set the pattern of the modern newspaper. In his time he was one of the most powerful journalists in the United States. Pulitzer Prizes are awarded to honor achievements in journalism, literature, and music.

Anniversaries of famous