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Flashback calendar

The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant opens its doors to tourism

The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant or Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station is a decommissioned nuclear power station near the city of Pripyat, Ukraine. Reactor Number 4 was the site of the Chernobyl disaster in 1986 and the power plant is now within a large restricted area known as the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone.

"Judith Beheading Holofernes" is discovered in Toulouse

A painting believed by some to be Caravaggio's second version of Judith Beheading Holofernes was discovered in Toulouse. An export ban was placed on the painting by the French government while tests were carried out to establish its authenticity.

"An American in Paris" opens on Broadway

An American in Paris is a musical play inspired by the Academy Award-winning film of the same name and adapted for the stage by Christopher Wheeldon. It opened at the Palace Theatre on Broadway, following an engagement at the Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris. Incorporating songs from George and Ira Gershwin, the book is by Craig Lucas.


Manny Pacquiao vs. Timothy Bradley

Manny Pacquiao vs. Timothy Bradley II (billed as "Vindication") is a boxing welterweight championship fight for the WBO Welterweight Championship. The bout was held in April 2014, at the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Paradise, Nevada. Pacquiao won by unanimous decision and took the WBO Welterweight title, ending Bradley's undefeated streak.

"Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage" is released

Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage is the thirteenth novel by Japanese writer Haruki Murakami. Seven days after the release, the book had been printed 8 times for a total of over one million copies in print, reportedly sold during the following month.

Hyperinflation forced Zimbabwe to abandon the Zimbabwean dollar

The Zimbabwean dollar was the official currency of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 2009, when its use was abandoned. In place of the Zimbabwean dollar, currencies including the South African rand, Botswana pula, pound sterling, Indian rupee, euro, Japanese yen, Australian dollar, Chinese yuan, and the US dollar are now used.

The Oslo Opera House opens

The gala opening was attended by His Majesty King Harald, Queen Margrethe II of Denmark and President Tarja Halonen of Finland and other leaders. During the first year of operation, 1.3 million people passed through the building's doors. The Opera House won the culture award at the World Architecture Festival in Barcelona and the European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture.


Chris Chelios sets an NHL record appearing in his 22nd playoffs

Christos Kostas "Chris" Chelios is a retired American professional ice hockey defenseman. He was one of the longest-tenured players in the National Hockey League. In April 2007, he became the oldest defenseman to score a short-handed goal in the NHL in a playoff game against the Calgary Flames.

Iraqi Parliament bombing

The canteen of the Council of Representatives of Iraq building was attacked by a suicide bomber, killing one to eight people and wounding 23 others. It was on the first floor of the Baghdad Convention Center, which houses the parliament. Two further unexploded suicide vests were found near the canteen.

Broadway revival "Bells Are Ringing" opens

Bells Are Ringing is a musical with a book and lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green and music by Jule Styne. The story revolves around Ella, who works at an answering service, and the characters that she meets there. A Broadway revival, directed by Tina Landau and choreographed by Jeff Calhoun, opened at the Plymouth Theatre in 2001.


Detroit Red Wings set an NHL record for wins in a season

The 1996–97 Detroit Red Wings season was the 71st National Hockey League season in Detroit, Michigan. The highlight of the Red Wings season was winning the Stanley Cup, they're first since 1955. The Red Wings have also set a new NHL record for most wins in a season.

Actress Saoirse Ronan is born

Saoirse Una Ronan is an Irish and American actress. Her accolades include a Golden Globe Award, three Academy Award nominations, and four British Academy Film Award nominations. She was featured in the Forbes 30 Under 30 list and in Time's Next Generation Leaders list.

The Euro Disney Resort officially opens

It was the second Disney resort to open outside the United States, following Tokyo Disney Resort and the first to be owned and operated by Disney. Disneyland Paris underwent a name change to Disneyland Resort Paris in March that year.

"A Streetcar Named Desire" returns to Broadway

A Streetcar Named Desire is a play written by Tennessee Williams that dramatises the life of Blanche DuBois. A highly publicized revival in 1992 starred Alec Baldwin as Stanley and Jessica Lange as Blanche. It was staged at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre, the same theatre that the original production was staged in.

First genetically modified animal is patented

Biologists Philip Leder and Timothy Stewart created a mouse highly susceptible to cancer, which makes the mouse suitable for research. Susceptibility is caused by specific variant of a gene called HRAST. The mouse itself is called the OncoMouse. The rights to the invention were owned by DuPont.

Author Alan Paton dies

Paton was a South African author and anti-apartheid activist. His works include the novels Cry, the Beloved Country and Too Late the Phalarope. Paton volunteered for service during World War II but was refused. He formed the Liberal Association in early 1953.

First Space Shuttle Launch

Brand new American Space Shuttle flew to the orbit for the first time. It carried a crew of two, mission commander John W. Young and pilot Robert L. Crippen. It was the first American manned space flight since the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project in 1975. The launch occurred on the 20th anniversary of the first-ever human spaceflight.


US Olympic boycott of the Moscow Olympic games

The 1980 Summer Olympics boycott was one part of a number of actions initiated by the United States to protest the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The Soviet Union, which hosted the 1980 Summer Olympics, and other countries would later boycott the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.


Terry Fox begins his "Marathon of Hope" at St. John's, Newfoundland

He dipped his artificial leg in the muddy waters of St John’s harbour in the Atlantic Ocean and set off on the greatest adventure of his life. A police escort and a small crowd witness the departure of Terry and his van, which carries eight pairs of running shoes, three extra legs and various spare parts.


The last game for the Flames in Atlanta

Tom Cousins announced he was seeking to sell the club following the Flames' exit from the playoffs. Their final game, a 5–2 loss against the New York Rangers, was played in Atlanta in 1980. He claimed to have suffered significant financial losses on the team while low viewership hampered his ability to sign a television contract.

Actress Jennifer Morrison is born

Jennifer Marie Morrison is an American actress, producer, and former child model. She is known for her roles as Dr. Allison Cameron in the medical-drama series House and Emma Swan in the ABC adventure-fantasy series Once Upon a Time. She also has portrayed Zoey Pierson, one of Ted Mosby's love interests on the comedy series How I Met Your Mother.

Ronald Wayne sells his 10 percent share in the company for just $800

After Ronald Wayne, Steve Jobs, and Steve Wozniak founded Apple Computer, Wayne received a 10% stake in Apple. Less than two weeks later, he relinquished his equity for US$800, and he let go of that valuable Apple stock, which has exploded in value since.

Actress Shannen Doherty is born

Shannen Maria Doherty is an American actress, producer, and television director. She is known for her roles as Maggie Malene in Girls Just Want to Have Fun, Heather Duke in Heathers, Brenda Walsh in Beverly Hills, 90210 and as Prue Halliwell in Charmed.

Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man to fly in space

The Vostok 1 spacecraft with Gagarin aboard was launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome. Gagarin thus became both the first human to travel into space, and the first to orbit the Earth. His call sign was Kedr. Vostok 1 marked his only spaceflight, but he served as backup crew to the Soyuz 1 mission.

US President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies

After returning from the Yalta Conference, Roosevelt looked old and frail. His health got worse as the time passed. He died at his personal retreat, Little White House, located in the Historic District of Warm Springs, Georgia. According to the attending cardiologist, the president died due to massive cerebral hemorrhage.

Composer Herbie Hancock is born

Hancock helped to redefine the role of a jazz rhythm section and was one of the primary architects of the post-bop sound. He has had many songs "cross over" and achieve success among pop audiences. His album River: The Joni Letters won the 2008 Grammy Award for Album of the Year.

"Rebecca" premieres in Miami, Florida

Rebecca is an American romantic psychological thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. The film stars Laurence Olivier as the brooding, aristocratic widower Maxim de Winter, and Joan Fontaine as the young woman who becomes his second wife, with Judith Anderson and George Sanders in supporting roles.

Shanghai massacre

The Shanghai massacre of 1927, was the violent suppression of Communist Party of China organizations in Shanghai by the military forces of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and conservative factions in the Kuomintang. Following the incident, conservative KMT elements carried out a full-scale purge of Communists in all areas under their control.


Catcher's mask is used for the first time

In a baseball game between Harvard students and the Live Oaks, the curve ball was all the rage and Harvard catcher James Tyng was taking a beating behind home plate. He became the first man to wear a catcher’s mask in a professional game. The reaction in the media was diverse.

The Battle of Fort Pillow

Union deployed black men as US soldiers in Battle of Fort Pillow. It took place on the Mississippi River in Henning, Tennessee. Roughly 600 Union soldiers were led by commanders Booth and Bradford against a stronger Confederate army. African-American Union troops and their officers were massacred as they attempted to surrender.

The Battle of Fort Sumter

Fort Sumter near Charleston was bombarded by Confederate States army. Commanding officer Beauregard led huge amount of Confederate forces against 85 fort defenders, led by Robert Anderson. The battle resulted in Confederate victory and surrendering of the fort by US Army. It was also the beginning of the American Civil War.

American librarian John Shaw Billings is born

Billings was the first director of the New York Public Library and modernizer of the Library of the Surgeon General's Office. In his early years, he was a surgeon and a statistician on medicine in the U.S. Army. He was profoundly interested in advancing knowledge by creating libraries and improving access to books.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1981

Tulsi Gabbard

born 1994

Saoirse Ronan