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First genetically modified animal is patented

Biologists Philip Leder and Timothy Stewart created a mouse highly susceptible to cancer, which makes the mouse suitable for research. Susceptibility is caused by specific variant of a gene called HRAST. The mouse itself is called the OncoMouse. The rights to the invention were owned by DuPont.

First Space Shuttle Launch

Brand new American Space Shuttle flew to the orbit for the first time. It carried a crew of two, mission commander John W. Young and pilot Robert L. Crippen. It was the first American manned space flight since the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project in 1975. The launch occurred on the 20th anniversary of the first-ever human spaceflight.

Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man to fly in space

The Vostok 1 spacecraft with Gagarin aboard was launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome. Gagarin thus became both the first human to travel into space, and the first to orbit the Earth. His call sign was Kedr. Vostok 1 marked his only spaceflight, but he served as backup crew to the Soyuz 1 mission.

American paleontologist Edward Drinker Cope dies

Cope described many famous dinosaur species, like Camarasaurus, Amphicoelias or Coelophysis. He wrote around 1 400 papers during his lifetime. He raced in discovering new fossils with another famous paleontologist Charles Marsh. Their competition is called the Bone Wars. Cope founded a thought school Neo-Lamarckism.

American librarian John Shaw Billings is born

Billings was the first director of the New York Public Library and modernizer of the Library of the Surgeon General's Office. In his early years, he was a surgeon and a statistician on medicine in the U.S. Army. He was profoundly interested in advancing knowledge by creating libraries and improving access to books.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous