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Flashback archive

"Avengers: Age of Ultron" premieres in Los Angeles

Avengers: Age of Ultron is an American superhero movie based on the Marvel Comics superhero team the Avengers, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. It is the sequel to 2012's The Avengers and the eleventh movie in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. The movie was written and directed by Joss Whedon.

Novelist Günter Grass dies

Grass was a German novelist and recipient of the 1999 Nobel Prize in Literature. He is best known for his first novel, The Tin Drum, a key text in European magic realism. He was an active supporter of the Social Democratic Party of Germany. Grass died of a lung infection in a Lübeck hospital at the age of 87.

Video game Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell: Conviction is released

Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell: Conviction is an action-adventure stealth video game developed by Ubisoft Montreal as part of the Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell series. Splinter Cell: Conviction is available on the Xbox 360 and Microsoft Windows platforms, as well as mobile versions for the iOS and Java ME.

Video game Postal 2 is released

Postal 2 is a black comedy first-person shooter video game by Running With Scissors, and it is the sequel to the 1997 game Postal. Both are intentionally highly controversial due to high levels of violence and stereotyping.

Heavy metal band Metallica sues Napster

Metallica sued Napster in a case that focused on copyright infringement, racketeering, and unlawful use of digital audio interface devices. As a result, Napster was forced to search through its system and remove all copyrighted songs by Metallica.


Tiger Woods wins the 61st Masters Tournament at 21

Tiger Woods wins the prestigious Masters Tournament by a record 12 strokes in Augusta, Georgia and became the tournament's youngest-ever winner at age 21. It was Woods’ first victory in one of golf’s four major championships and the greatest performance by a professional golfer in more than a century.

Tom Stoppard's "Arcadia" premieres in London

Arcadia is play concerning the relationship between past and present, order and disorder, certainty and uncertainty. The first New York production was nominated for the 1995 Tony Award for Best Play. It returned to Broadway in 2011 and was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Revival of a Play.

U.S. reintroduce two-dollar bill

The Treasury Department reintroduced the $2 bill as a cost-saving measure. $2 bills were redesigned and issued as a Federal Reserve Note. The obverse of the banknote features the portrait of Thomas Jefferson. The reverse features an engraving of the painting The Declaration of Independence by John Trumbull.

Apollo 13 accident

Apollo 13 was the seventh manned mission in the Apollo space program and the third intended to land on the Moon. The craft was launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, but the lunar landing was aborted after an oxygen tank exploded two days later, crippling the Service Module upon which the Command Module had depended.

"Casino Royale" premieres in London

Casino Royale is a 1967 British-American spy comedy movie originally produced by Columbia Pictures featuring an ensemble cast. The movie held its premiere at the London's Odeon Leicester Square breaking many opening records in the theatre's history.

Sidney Poitier becomes the first black performer in a leading role to win an Academy Award

Sydney Poitier becomes the first African American to win the Academy Award for Best Actor, for his role as a construction worker who helps build a chapel in Lilies of the Field. He received a tremendous ovation. This accolade helped make Poitier cinema's first Caribbean-American superstar.

The U.S. launches Transit 1-B

Transit 1B was successfully launched by a Thor-Ablestar rocket. The first successful tests of the system were made in 1960, and the system entered Naval service in 1964. The Transit system was made obsolete by the GPS and ceased navigation service in 1996.

"12 Angry Men" is released

12 Angry Men is an American courtroom drama movie adapted from a teleplay of the same name by Reginald Rose. This trial movie tells the story of a jury made up of 12 men as they deliberate the guilt on the basis of reasonable doubt, forcing the jurors to question their morals and values.


Hank Aaron made his major league debut with the Milwaukee Braves

Baseball Hall of Famer was one of the best baseball players of all time. He joined the Milwaukee Braves of the major leagues. Aaron was the last Negro League player to compete in the majors. He played his first game with the Braves and went hitless in his five times at bat.

CIA mind control program

CIA director Allen Welsh Dulles ordered a new project codenamed MKUltra. It was a program of experiments on human subjects, at times illegal. They were intended to identify and develop drugs and procedures to be used in interrogations and torture to weaken the individual to force confessions through mind control.

FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial

The Jefferson Memorial was officially dedicated by President Roosevelt on the 200th anniversary of Jefferson's birthday. At that time, Evans' statue had not yet been finished. Due to material shortages during World War II, the statue that was installed at the time was a plaster cast of Evans' work painted to look like bronze.

Poet Seamus Heaney is born

Seamus Justin Heaney was an Irish poet, playwright, and translator. He received the Nobel Prize in Literature. Heaney was born in the townland of Tamniaran between Castledawson and Toomebridge, Northern Ireland. His family moved to nearby Bellaghy when he was a boy.

Transatlantic flight from East to West

Aviators Günther von Hünefeld, Hermann Köhl, and James Fitzmaurice flew from Dublin to Greenly Island in the Strait of Belle Isle, missing their intended destination, New York. They used Junkers W 33 aircraft named Bremen. Flying across the Atlantic Ocean from East to West is more is more difficult because of the prevailing winds.

Novelist Samuel Beckett is born

Samuel Barclay Beckett was an Irish avant-garde novelist, playwright, theatre director, poet, and literary translator who lived in Paris for most of his adult life. He wrote in both English and French. Beckett's work offers a bleak, tragicomic outlook on human existence, often coupled with black comedy and gallows humor.

John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan" premieres

El Capitan is an operetta in three acts by John Philip Sousa and has a libretto by Charles Klein. The piece was Sousa's first successful operetta and his most successful stage work. The march "El Capitan" became a standard work both for brass bands and a crossover into other genres. El Capitan was first produced at the Tremont Theatre in Boston.

"Five-and-dime" store pioneer Frank Woolworth born in New York

Frank Woolworth was the founder of F. W. Woolworth Company and the operator of variety stores known as "Five-and-Dimes", which featured a low-priced selection of merchandise. He was also the 1st to use self-service display cases, in order for customers to decide what to buy without the help of a sales clerk.

British inventor Richard Trevithick is born

Trevithick designed the first functional steam locomotive, for which he invented high-pressure steam engine. His locomotive was called the Puffing Devil. Trevithick tested her on Christmas Eve 1801 by carrying six passengers. Also, he worked as a mining consultant in Peru and explored parts of Costa Rica.

U. S. president and scientist Thomas Jefferson is born

Jefferson is known as the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as President of the United States. His interests were wider than just politics. He was an astronomer, scholar, and inventor. Jefferson was interested in all natural sciences. He collected and classified fossils and conducted experiments with scientific farming.

George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" performed for the 1st time

Messiah is an English-language oratorio composed by George Frideric Handel, with a scriptural text compiled by Charles Jennens from the King James Bible, and from the version of the Psalms included with the Book of Common Prayer. It was first performed in Dublin and received its London premiere nearly a year later.

Catholic conspirator Guy Fawkes is born

Guy Fawkes was presumably born in Stonegate in York, England. His baptism took place in the church of St Michael le Belfrey. He joined the military and later traveled to Spain, seeking support for a Catholic rebellion in England. He became a member of a group which planned to assassinate the Protestant King James VI.

Anniversaries of famous