Video encyclopedia

Flashback archive

"Fargo" first airs on FX

"The Crocodile's Dilemma" is the pilot episode of the FX anthology series Fargo. It was written by series creator and showrunner Noah Hawley and directed by Adam Bernstein. The title refers to the paradox in logic known as the crocodile dilemma. The episode received critical acclaim and was seen by 2.65 million viewers.

Boston Marathon bombing

Two homemade bombs detonated near the finish line of the Boston Marathon, creating a scene of chaos and killing three visitors and wounding more than 260 other people. Terrorists were two Muslim bothers born in the former Soviet republic of Kyrgyzstan. One of them was killed shortly after accident.

Christina Aguilera divorces Jordan Bratman

Aguilera filed for divorce from Bratman in October 2010, requesting joint legal and physical custody of their son Max. After reaching a private settlement and custody deal, their divorce was finalized in April 2011. Aguilera was concurrently involved in a romantic relationship with Matthew Rutler, who served as an assistant on the set of Burlesque.

Actress Maisie Williams is born

Maisie Williams was born in Bristol, UK. She is the youngest of four children; her three older siblings are James, Beth, and Ted. She attended Clutton Primary School and Norton Hill School, before moving to Bath Dance College to study Performing Arts. Today, she is most known for her role of Arya Stark in HBO's Game of Thrones TV show.

Video game Mortal Kombat 3 is released

Mortal Kombat 3 is a fighting video game developed by Midway and first released into arcades in 1995. As in the previous games, it has a cast of characters that players choose from and guide through a series of battles against other opponents. Accompanied by a massive promo campaign it was originally released to the North American arcades.

World Trade Organization agreement signed

The World Trade Organization is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade. 123 nations signed the Marrakesh Agreement, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. The agreement marked the culmination of the 8-year-long Uruguay Round.

Actress Emma Watson is born

Emma Watson is a British actress, model, and activist. Born in Paris and brought up in Oxfordshire, Watson attended the Dragon School and trained as an actress at the Oxford branch of Stagecoach Theatre Arts. She is most known for her role of Hermione in the Harry Potter series.

Tokyo Disneyland opens to the public

Tokyo Disneyland was the first Disney park to be built outside the United States. The park has seven themed areas and two mini-lands. The park is noted for its extensive open spaces, to accommodate the large crowds that visit the park.

Actor Seth Rogen is born

Seth Aaron Rogen is a Canadian-American actor, voice actor, comedian, writer, producer, and director. He began his career performing stand-up comedy during his teenage years. Rogen's first acting debut was in Apatow's Freaks and Geeks, a cult hit series first released in 1999 as Ken Miller, a cynical, acerbic "freak".

Writer Jean-Paul Sartre dies

Jean-Paul Sartre was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology. Sartre died in Paris from edema of the lung.

The 43rd Academy Awards

The 43rd Academy Awards were presented at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles. There was no host. The Awards presentation and hosting duties were handled by 34 "Friends of Oscar." The Awards were broadcast by NBC-TV for the first time in 11 years. The winning picture was Patton directed by Frank McCarthy.

Rolling Stones release "Aftermath"

A milestone in the recording career of the band in that Jagger/Richards wrote every single track on this their fourth studio album to be released by Decca Records in Britain. The album is considered an artistic breakthrough for the band. It was the group’s first LP to be recorded entirely in the U.S.


The day that Havlicek Stole the Ball

'Havlicek stole the ball!' was the most famous radio call in basketball history. With five seconds left in Boston Garden, the Celtics let Wilt Chamberlain score an uncontested basket, cutting their lead to 110-109. John Havlicek leaps and slaps the ball to teammate Sam Jones, who dribbles out the clock.

Actress Emma Thompson is born

Emma Thompson is a British actress and screenwriter. She was born in Paddington, London to her mother, a Scottish actress Phyllida Law, while her English father, Eric Thompson, was involved in theatre. During her early stages of life, she finished her English degree at Newnham College, University of Cambridge.

Fidel Castro begins US goodwill tour

Castro was a member of a revolutionary group and took a key role in the Cuban Revolution which overthrew the former government. Following this, he visited the US where he gave a talk to the Council of Foreign Affairs. President Eisenhower did not want to meet him, so Castro met with Vice-President Nixon instead, whom he disliked.

The first McDonald's restaurant opens by Ray Kroc

Ray Kroc, a seller of milkshake machines, opened the first McDonald's franchise in Des Plaines, Illinois, outside of Chicago. His first-day sales were $366.12. The Des Plaines interior and exterior was painted by master painter Eugene Wright, who owned Wright's Decorating Service.


Jackie Robinson becomes the first African American to play in MLB

Jackie Robinson becomes the first African-American in the major leagues when he plays his first game with the Brooklyn Dodgers. During his first season in the majors, Robinson encountered racism from opposing teams and fans, as well as some of his own teammates. Robinson broke the color barrier in a sport.

British and Canadian troops liberate the Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen

Nazi German concentration camp near the villages of Bergen and Belsen, Germany. British and Canadian forces liberated Bergen-Belsen. They found around sixty thousand prisoners in the camp, most of them seriously ill. Approximately 50,000 people died in camp complex. Thousands of corpses lay unburied on the grounds.

One-hour helicopter flight

Aviation designer Igor Ivor Sikorsky flew his experimental helicopter, the Vought-Sikorsky VS-300, for 65 minutes and 14.5 seconds. It was the first successful single lifting rotor helicopter in the United States. VS-300 was also first successful helicopter with single vertical-plane tail rotor configuration for antitorque.

The Great Mississippi Flood begins

One of the worst natural disasters in the history of the US. The flood started in the summer with exceptionally heavy rains in the Mississippi basin. More than 23,000 square miles of land was immersed, hundreds of thousands of people were without their home, and around 250 people died.

Insulin becomes generally available for people with diabetes

Insulin became widely available, saving many lives around the world. Frederick Banting and Charles Best, the scientists responsible for the practical extraction of insulin, were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Insulin becomes generally available

American pharmaceutical company Eli Lilly started to sell insulin for treatment of diabetes. The disease was known to medicine from antiquity. Insulin was discovered by Charles Best and Frederick Banting in 1922. It's still used as a medication for high blood sugar today. Typically it is given by injection under the skin.

Titanic sinks in the North Atlantic off Newfoundland

One of the largest and most luxurious ocean liners Titanic sank into the North Atlantic Ocean about 400 miles south of Newfoundland, Canada. The ship, which carried 2,200 passengers and crew, had struck an iceberg. More than 1,500 people went down in the sinking ship or froze to death in icy water.

North Korean dictator Kim Il-sung is born

Kim II-sung was born in Kim Sŏng-ju, in Japanese occupied Korea. His family participated in anti-Japanese activities. He joined communist party and various anti-Japanese guerrilla groups in China. From this point, he proceeded to become a significant resistance figure, only to later become President of North Korea.

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev is born

Khrushchev was born in the village of Kalinovka, in Kursk Oblast, Russia. He started working in the Donbas area to get more money for the family. He became chairman of worker's council and joined Bolsheviks later during Russian Civil War. He built up his political career and became First Secretary of the Soviet communist party.

The General Electric Company is formed

General Electric was formed through the merger of Edison General Electric Company of Schenectady, New York, and Thomson-Houston Electric Company of Lynn, Massachusetts, with the support of Drexel, Morgan & Co. Around the same time, General Electric's Canadian counterpart, Canadian General Electric, was formed.


Heavyweight boxer James J. Jeffries is born

James Jackson Jeffries was an American professional boxer and World Heavyweight Champion. He was known for his enormous strength and stamina. Using a technique taught to him by his trainer, former Welterweight, and Middleweight Champion Tommy Ryan, Jeffries fought out of a crouch with his left arm extended forward.

President Abraham Lincoln dies nine hours after being shot

Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth shot Abraham Lincoln point-blank in the back of the head in president's box of Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C.. Lincoln was carried to a boardinghouse across the street from the theater, but he never regained consciousness, and died in the early morning hours.

French sociologist Émile Durkheim is born

Durkheim is commonly cited as the principal architect of modern social science. He didn't engage in direct fieldwork but gathered information from anthropologists and explorers. His book Le Suicide is regarded as the first to make a methodological case study of an aspect of society, and shaped sociological thought as we know it today.

City of San Francisco is incorporated

Californian Gold Rush brought an influx of people, raising the population in San Francisco up to 25,000. California was quickly granted statehood and the city incorporated as governing body for the surrounding area. Subsequently, US military built Fort Point at the Golden Gate and fort on Alcatraz Island to secure the bay.

George Frideric Handel's opera "Serse" premieres

Serse is an opera seria in three acts by George Frideric Handel. It was first performed in London. The Italian libretto was modified by an unknown hand from that by Silvio Stampiglia for an earlier opera of the same name by Giovanni Bononcini.

J. S. Bach's "St Matthew Passion" premieres in Leipzig

The St Matthew Passion is a Passion, a sacred oratorio written by Johann Sebastian Bach for solo voices, double choir, and double orchestra, with libretto by Picander. It sets chapters 26 and 27 of the Gospel of Matthew to music, with interspersed chorales and arias.

Italian Renaissance polymath Leonardo da Vinci is born

Da Vinci was a scientist and engineer, but also painter, sculptor, architect. His most known inventions are a parachute, helicopter, and tank. He was interested in music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography. Leonardo is often mentioned as an exemplar of the Universal Genius or Renaissance Man.

Anniversaries of famous