Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

World Trade Organization agreement signed

The World Trade Organization is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade. 123 nations signed the Marrakesh Agreement, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. The agreement marked the culmination of the 8-year-long Uruguay Round.

Tokyo Disneyland opens to the public

Tokyo Disneyland was the first Disney park to be built outside the United States. The park has seven themed areas and two mini-lands. The park is noted for its extensive open spaces, to accommodate the large crowds that visit the park.

Fidel Castro begins US goodwill tour

Castro was a member of a revolutionary group and took a key role in the Cuban Revolution which overthrew the former government. Following this, he visited the US where he gave a talk to the Council of Foreign Affairs. President Eisenhower did not want to meet him, so Castro met with Vice-President Nixon instead, whom he disliked.

The first McDonald's restaurant opens by Ray Kroc

Ray Kroc, a seller of milkshake machines, opened the first McDonald's franchise in Des Plaines, Illinois, outside of Chicago. His first-day sales were $366.12. The Des Plaines interior and exterior was painted by master painter Eugene Wright, who owned Wright's Decorating Service.

British and Canadian troops liberate the Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen

Nazi German concentration camp near the villages of Bergen and Belsen, Germany. British and Canadian forces liberated Bergen-Belsen. They found around sixty thousand prisoners in the camp, most of them seriously ill. Approximately 50,000 people died in camp complex. Thousands of corpses lay unburied on the grounds.

North Korean dictator Kim Il-sung is born

Kim II-sung was born in Kim Sŏng-ju, in Japanese occupied Korea. His family participated in anti-Japanese activities. He joined communist party and various anti-Japanese guerrilla groups in China. From this point, he proceeded to become a significant resistance figure, only to later become President of North Korea.

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev is born

Khrushchev was born in the village of Kalinovka, in Kursk Oblast, Russia. He started working in the Donbas area to get more money for the family. He became chairman of worker's council and joined Bolsheviks later during Russian Civil War. He built up his political career and became First Secretary of the Soviet communist party.

The General Electric Company is formed

General Electric was formed through the merger of Edison General Electric Company of Schenectady, New York, and Thomson-Houston Electric Company of Lynn, Massachusetts, with the support of Drexel, Morgan & Co. Around the same time, General Electric's Canadian counterpart, Canadian General Electric, was formed.

President Abraham Lincoln dies nine hours after being shot

Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth shot Abraham Lincoln point-blank in the back of the head in president's box of Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C.. Lincoln was carried to a boardinghouse across the street from the theater, but he never regained consciousness, and died in the early morning hours.

City of San Francisco is incorporated

Californian Gold Rush brought an influx of people, raising the population in San Francisco up to 25,000. California was quickly granted statehood and the city incorporated as governing body for the surrounding area. Subsequently, US military built Fort Point at the Golden Gate and fort on Alcatraz Island to secure the bay.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

died 1998

Pol Pot

born 1955

Dodi Fayed

born 1983

Colin Allred