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Sinking of MV Sewol

The sinking of MV Sewol occurred when the passenger/ro-ro ferry was en route from Incheon towards Jeju in South Korea. The Japanese-built South Korean ferry sank while carrying 476 people, mostly secondary school students from Danwon High School. In total, 304 passengers and crew members died in the disaster.

2013

American football player and television sportscaster Pat Summerall dies

George Allen "Pat" Summerall was an American football player and television sportscaster, having worked at CBS, Fox, and ESPN. In addition to football, he also announced major golf and tennis events. Summerall checked into St. Paul University Hospital in Dallas for surgery on a broken hip. He died there in April 2013, of cardiac arrest at age 82.

"Spider-Man 3" premieres at the Tokyo Film Festival

Spider-Man 3 is an American superhero film based on the fictional Marvel Comics character Spider-Man. It was directed by Sam Raimi from a screenplay by Raimi, his older brother Ivan, and Alvin Sargent. It is the third and final film in Raimi's original Spider-Man film trilogy.

Virginia Tech massacre

On April 16, 2007, a school shooting occurred at West Ambler Johnston Hall and Norris Hall at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, in Blacksburg, Virginia. Seung-Hui Cho, an undergraduate student at the university and a U.S. resident of South Korean origin, shot 49 people on campus with two semi-automatic pistols, killing 32 and wounding 17. Several other victims were injured jumping from windows to escape Cho. As police stormed Norris Hall to find and arrest Cho, he shot himself in the head with a pistol, and died instantly.

1996

Chicago Bulls 70th win

Chicago Bulls finished the season with 72 wins and only 10 losses. Thereby, they bettered the previous record from 1972. Combined regular season and a postseason record were 87-13, the best in NBA history. Chicago also won the final and became champions in season 1995-96.

Two LA police officers are convicted in federal court

African-American taxi driver Rodney King was assaulted by members of LAPD during his arrest. The incident was filmed by a civilian from a nearby balcony. The first trial resulted in 6-days long riots. Federal government led a separate civil rights case. Only 2 officers were found guilty and sentenced to prison.

Director David Lean dies

Sir David Lean was an English film director, producer, screenwriter and editor, responsible for large-scale epics such as The Bridge on the River Kwai, Lawrence of Arabia and Doctor Zhivago. He also directed adaptations of Charles Dickens novels Great Expectations and Oliver Twist, as well as the romantic drama Brief Encounter. He died at age 83 in London.

Release of Apple II

The Apple II was designed primarily by Steve Wozniak. Introduced at the West Coast Computer Faire, the Apple II was among the first successful personal computers. While primarily an 8-bit computer, later a 16-bit model was introduced. Its original operating system was in ROM along with Integer BASIC.

Apollo 16 launch

Apollo 16's landing spot was in the highlands. Astronauts obtained older lunar material than in older the first four landings, which were in or near lunar maria. Samples from the Descartes Formation and the Cayley Formation disproved a hypothesis that the formations were volcanic in origin. Apollo 16 left a microsatellite on lunar orbit.

Singer Selena is born

Selena Quintanilla-Pérez was an American singer, songwriter, spokesperson, model, actress, and fashion designer. Called the Queen of Tejano music, her contributions to music and fashion made her one of the most celebrated Mexican-American entertainers of the late 20th century.

Actor Martin Lawrence is born

Martin Fitzgerald Lawrence is an American stand-up comedian, actor, producer, and writer. Lawrence came to fame during the 1990s, establishing a Hollywood career as a leading actor, most notably in the television sitcom Martin and the films House Party, Boomerang, Bad Boys, Wild Hogs, Nothing to Lose, and Blue Streak.

Great Train Robbers' get 300 years

During the Great Train Robbery, a group of men stole £2.6 million from Royal Mail train. The bulk of the money was never recovered. As it was one of the biggest robberies ever carried out in Britain, sentences of 12 men totaled 307 years, with most being jailed for 30, 4 of them between 20 and 25 and 1 man sentenced to 3 years.

The Rolling Stones release their eponymous début album

The Rolling Stones is the debut album by The Rolling Stones, released by Decca Records in the UK. It is the first of 29 studio albums. The majority of the tracks reflect the band's love for R&B. Upon its release, The Rolling Stones became one of 1964's biggest sellers in the UK.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. pens his Letter from Birmingham Jail

The Letter from Birmingham Jail is an open letter. It defends the strategy of nonviolent resistance to racism, arguing that people have a moral responsibility to break unjust laws. After an early setback, it enjoyed widespread publication and became a key text for the American civil rights movement of the early 1960s.

Programming language LISP has its first public presentation

Lisp is a family of computer programming languages with a long history and a distinctive, fully parenthesized prefix notation. Lisp is the second-oldest high-level programming language in widespread use today. Lisp has changed since its early days, and many dialects have existed over its history.

English chemist Rosalind Franklin dies

Franklin is best known for her work on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. Between them was the famous Photo 51. It was used by James Watson and Francis Crick to deduce the double-helix structure of DNA. She could have won the Nobel Prize for the photo, but she died at age 37 and Nobel Committee does not make posthumous nominations.

1949

Toronto becomes the first NHL team to win three consecutive Stanley Cups

The 1949 Stanley Cup Finals was a best-of-seven series between the Detroit Red Wings and the defending champion Toronto Maple Leafs, the second straight final series between Detroit and Toronto. The Maple Leafs won the series in four straight games to win their third consecutive Stanley Cup and eighth in the history of the franchise.

Texas City disaster

The Texas City disaster was an industrial accident that occurred in the Port of Texas City, Texas. It was the deadliest industrial accident in U.S. history, and one of history's largest non-nuclear explosions. It killed at least 581 people, including all but one member of the Texas City fire department.

1947

American basketball legend Kareem Abdul-Jabbar is born

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar is an American retired professional basketball player who played 20 seasons in the NBA for the Milwaukee Bucks and the Los Angeles Lakers. During his career as a center, Abdul-Jabbar was a record six-time NBA MVP, a record 19-time NBA All-Star, a 15-time All-NBA selection, and an 11-time NBA All-Defensive Team member.

Red Army begins Battle of Berlin

Soviets resumed their offensive and attacked Berlin from the east and south. 3rd front assaulted German forces north of Berlin. German General Weidling had roughly 45,000 men consisting of members of depleted German Army and Waffen-SS divisions. These were supplemented by police, Hitler Youth and the Volkssturm members.

LSD hallucinogenic effect is observed for the first time

Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann has synthesized the substance five years earlier when he was looking for a substance useful in treating respiratory problems. On April 1943, he accidentally absorbed some of the drugs through his skin from touching its container. LSD affected his nervous system. Hofmann became dizzy with hallucinations.

Composer Henry Mancini is born

Enrico "Henry" Mancini was an American composer, conductor, and arranger, who is best remembered for his film and television scores. Often cited as one of the greatest composers in the history of film, he won four Academy Awards, a Golden Globe, and twenty Grammy Awards, plus a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.

Harriet Quimby becomes the first female pilot to fly across the English Channel

Harriet Quimby was an early American aviator and a movie screenwriter. She was awarded a U.S. pilot's certificate by the Aero Club of America, becoming the first woman to gain a pilot's license in the United States. She also became the first woman to fly across the English Channel and had a major influence on the role of women in aviation.

1894

England football club Manchester City is founded

Manchester City Football Club is a football club in Manchester, England. Founded in 1880 as St. Mark's, they became Ardwick Association Football Club in 1887 and Manchester City in 1894. The club's home ground is the City of Manchester Stadium in east Manchester, which they moved to in 2003, having played at Maine Road since 1923.

Charlie Chaplin is born

Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film. Chaplin became a worldwide icon through his screen persona "the Tramp" and is considered one of the most important figures in the history of the film industry. His career spanned more than 75 years.

American aviator Wilbur Wright is born

With his brother Orville, Wilbur Wright co-invented the first powered airplane capable of sustained, controlled flight. Its main innovation was the three-axis control. It enabled the pilot to steer the aircraft effectively and to maintain its equilibrium. This method became and remains standard on fixed-wing aircraft of all kinds.

The first passenger railway opens in India

The first passenger train of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway left Boree Bunder station in Bombay for Tannah. The train took 57 minutes to reach Tannah and covered a distance of 21 miles. Three locomotives named Sultan, Sindh, and Sahib pulled the 14 carriages carrying 400 passengers on board.

Artist Madame Tussaud dies

Anna Maria Tussaud was a French artist known for her wax sculptures and Madame Tussauds, the wax museum she founded in London. She died in her sleep in London at the age of 88. She is one of the main characters in the book Faces of the Dead by Suzanne Weyn.

The Battle of Culloden

The Battle of Culloden took place in Scottish Highlands, east of Inverness. British loyalist forces, consisting of 8,000 men were led by Duke of Cumberland against roughly 7,000 Jacobites, supplemented by French soldiers. The battle ended with decisive British victory in less than an hour and concluded the Jacobite rising.

Martin Luther arrives at the Diet of Worms assembly

Diet of Worms was an imperial assembly of the Holy Roman Empire. After Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther for his writings, Emperor Charles V summoned him. Luther was supposed to renounce or reaffirm his views. On the day of his arrival, Jeromee Schurff, professor in Canon Law was assigned as his lawyer before the Diet.

The Battle of Megiddo

Pharaoh Thutmose III led Egyptian forces against the king of Kadesh, who led a rebellious coalition of Canaanite vassal states. It is the first battle that was recorded in reliable detail. The battle ended up in Egyptian victory, forcing Canaanites to flee. They lost 4000 men, inflicted around 8300 casualties and captured around 3400.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1971

Selena

born 1984

Claire Foy