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Flashback calendar

Raúl Castro steps down

Castro was appointed the Cuban President of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers. He stepped down as President, but remains the first secretary of the Communist Party, holding ultimate power and authority over state and government.

A Broadway revival of 'The Little Foxes'

The Little Foxes is a 1939 play by Lillian Hellman, considered a classic of 20th century drama. The Manhattan Theatre Club produced a Broadway revival that opened officially at the Samuel J. Friedman Theatre. It starred Laura Linney and Cynthia Nixon who alternated the roles of Regina Giddens and Birdie, with direction by Daniel J. Sullivan.

'Fun Home' opens on Broadway at Circle in the Square

Fun Home is a musical adapted by Lisa Kron and Jeanine Tesori from Alison Bechdel's 2006 graphic memoir of the same name. The musical opened at Broadway's Circle in the Square Theatre. Gold directed the show on Broadway, with the same production team as the Off-Broadway production. The cast featured Beth Malone, Michael Cerveris and Judy Kuhn.


Martin Brodeur becomes all-time leader in NHL postseason shutouts

In nine seasons, Brodeur was the NHL wins leader, and in five other seasons, he was among the top five goalies in the category. His total of five Jennings Trophies is tied for the most in NHL history, matching Roy's record. In postseason play, he had the most shutouts of any NHL goalie, and his 113 playoff wins ranks second all-time.

'Clybourne Park' opens on Broadway at the Walter Kerr Theatre

Clybourne Park is a play by Bruce Norris written as a spin-off to Lorraine Hansberry's play A Raisin in the Sun. The play opened on Broadway at the Walter Kerr Theatre for a 16-week limited engagement, with Brian Mertes directing and starring Mauro Hantman, Rachael Warren, Mia Ellis, Anne Scurria, Tommy Dickie, and Joe Wilson Jr.

Castro resigns

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz was a Cuban revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008. In 2011, Castro resigned from the Communist Party central committee thus stepping down as party leader. His brother Raúl was selected as his successor.

Homs clock tower massacre

21 protesters were shot dead in Homs by security police and Alawite gunmen known as ‘al-shabbiha’. Wissam Tarif, director of the Insan human rights group, told Reuters that civilian shabbiha and uniformed security forces, mixed, and all carrying weapons, were now obvious in the streets of Homs.

Fritzl case

The Fritzl case emerged when a woman named Elisabeth Fritzl told police in the town of Amstetten, Austria, that she had been held captive for 24 years by her father, Josef Fritzl. Fritzl had assaulted, sexually abused, and raped her numerous times during her imprisonment inside a concealed area in the basement of the family home.

Julia Roberts makes her Broadway debut in 'Three Days of Rain'

Three Days of Rain is a play by Richard Greenberg that was commissioned and produced by South Coast Repertory. Opening on at the Bernard B. Jacobs Theatre, Julia Roberts co-starred with Paul Rudd and Bradley Cooper. However, it met with poor response from theatrical reviewers and closed scheduled in June of the same year.

Mel Brooks' musical 'The Producers' premieres on Broadway

The Producers is a musical adapted by Mel Brooks and Thomas Meehan from Brooks's film of the same name, with lyrics written by Brooks and music composed by Brooks and arranged by Glen Kelly and Doug Besterman. After 33 previews, the original Broadway production opened at the St. James Theatre and ran for 2,502 performances.

Drug firms gave up a landmark court battle over cheap AIDS cure

The 39 pharmaceutical firms contesting a South African law that could provide cheaper versions of branded Aids drugs unconditionally dropped the case. The case was seen as a landmark battle in the effort to secure medication for Africa's 26 million HIV carriers.

Oklahoma City bombing

The Oklahoma City bombing was a domestic terrorist truck bombing on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States. Perpetrated by Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, the bombing killed 168 people, injured more than 680 others, and destroyed one-third of the building.

Waco siege

The Waco siege was the siege of a compound belonging to the Branch Davidians, carried out by American federal and Texas state law enforcement, as well as the U.S. military. The Branch Davidians were led by David Koresh and were headquartered at Mount Carmel Center ranch in the community of Axtell, Texas, 13 miles east-northeast of Waco.


Evander Holyfield beats George Foreman

Evander Holyfield vs. George Foreman, billed as "The Battle of the Ages", was a professional boxing match contested in April 1991. Though Foreman was able to stay competitive throughout the fight, Holyfield ultimately won the fight via unanimous decision, winning all three judges scorecards by scores of 116–111, 115–112, and 117–110.

A gun turret explodes at USS Iowa

The USS Iowa turret explosion occurred in the Number Two 16-inch gun turret of the United States Navy battleship USS Iowa. The explosion in the center gun room killed 47 of the turret's crewmen and severely damaged the gun turret itself. The investigations produced conflicting conclusions.

'The Simpsons' premieres as a short cartoon on 'The Tracey Ullman Show'

The Simpsons is an American adult animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company. The series is a satirical depiction of working-class life epitomized by the Simpson family, which consists of Homer, Marge, Bart, Lisa, and Maggie. The show parodies American culture, society, television, and the human condition.

The 25th Eurovision Song Contest

The 25th Eurovision Song Contest and was held in The Hague. The presenter was Marlous Fluitsma, although each song was introduced by a presenter from the participating nation. In some cases, this was the same person providing the commentary. The contest was won by Johnny Logan, representing Ireland with a song called "What's Another Year".

'The Elephant Man' opens on Broadway at the Booth Theatre

The Elephant Man is a play by Bernard Pomerance. The production's Broadway debut in 1979 at the Booth Theatre was produced by Richmond Crinkley and Nelle Nugent, and directed by Jack Hofsiss. The play closed after eight previews and 916 regular performances.

India's first satellite is launched

Aryabhata was India's first satellite, named after an Indian astronomer of the same name. It was launched by India from Kapustin Yar, a Russian rocket launch and development site in Astrakhan Oblast using a Kosmos-3M launch vehicle. It was built by the Indian Space Research Organisation.

'Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope' opens on Broadway

Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope is a musical revue with music, lyrics and book by Micki Grant. The restaged Broadway production, directed by Vinnette Carroll and choreographed by George Faison, opened at the Playhouse Theatre, where it ran for two months before transferring to the Edison. It had a total run of 1065 performances.

First space station

USSR launched the Salyut 1. It was the first space station from the successful Salyut program and the first space station ever. The first crew, carried to the space station by Soyuz 10 spaceship, was unable to dock. The second crew, from Soyuz 11, docked and stayed for 27 days. Unfortunately, the cosmonauts died during re-entry. Salyut 1 stayed on the orbit 175 days.


Bobbi Gibb is the first woman to have run the entire Boston Marathon

Roberta Louise "Bobbi" Gibb is recognized by the Boston Athletic Association as the pre-sanctioned era women’s winner in 1966, 1967, and 1968. Gibb’s run in 1966 challenged prevalent prejudices and misconceptions about women's athletic capabilities.

Electronics magazine publishes an article on the future of semiconductor components

Moore's law is the observation that the number of transistors in a dense integrated circuit doubles approximately every two years. The observation is named after Gordon Moore, the co-founder of Fairchild Semiconductor and Intel, whose 1965 paper described a doubling every year in the number of components per integrated circuit.

FM stereo broadcasting authorized in U.S.

FM broadcasting in the United States began in the 1930s at the engineer and inventor Edwin Howard Armstrong's experimental station, W2XMN. The use of FM radio has been associated with higher sound quality in music radio. In the United States FM radio stations broadcast at frequencies of 87.9–107.9 MHz.

American Broadcasting Company TV network debuts

The American Broadcasting Company TV network made its debut with WFIL-TV in Philadelphia. The 1st program ever broadcast on the network was On the Corner, featuring satirist Henry Morgan. Other stations carrying the initial broadcast were WMAR-TV in Baltimore, and WMAL-TV in Washington, D.C.

Bicycle day

Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann deliberately took LSD for the first time. Less than an hour later, he experienced changes in perception. He asked his laboratory assistant to escort him home and, as a use of motor vehicles was prohibited because of wartime restrictions, they had to make the journey on a bicycle. Therefore, LSD users call April 19 the Bicycle day.

Shirley Temple appears in her first movie

Stand Up and Cheer! is an American Pre-Code musical film directed by Hamilton MacFadden. The screenplay by Lew Brown and Ralph Spence was based upon a story idea by Will Rogers and Philip Klein. The film is about efforts undertaken during the Great Depression to boost the morale of the country. The film is best known for providing the first big breakthrough role for legendary child actress Shirley Temple.

American chemist Glenn T. Seaborg is born

Seaborg discovered or co-discovered nine of the transuranic elements, plutonium to nobelium. All of them were created by bombarding heavy elements with nuclei of other atoms in a cyclotron. Seaborg also proposed to use plutonium rather than uranium in the first atomic-bomb experiments. His work led to placing the actinide series to the periodic table.


The first Boston Marathon

Since 1897, the Boston Athletic Association has organized The Boston Marathon, and it has been managed by DMSE Sports, Inc. since 1988. Amateur and professional runners from all over the world compete in the Boston Marathon each year, braving the hilly Massachusetts terrain and varying weather to take part in the race.

English naturalist Charles Darwin dies

Charles Robert Darwin was an English naturalist, geologist, and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. By the time of his death, Darwin had convinced most scientists that evolution as descent with modification was correct, and he was regarded as a great scientist who had revolutionized ideas.

Norwegian-American inventor Ole Evinrude is born

Evinrude is known as the inventor of an outboard marine engine. One fine day he was rowing in a small boat. It struck him that rowing was difficult. He resolved to invent an easier mean of moving small boats through the water for lazy people. In 1909, he constructed the first practical outboard engine.

Poet Lord Byron dies

Lord Byron was an English nobleman, poet, peer, politician, and leading figure in the Romantic movement. He is regarded as one of the greatest British poets and remains widely read and influential. He developed a violent fever and died in Missolonghi.

US Founding Father Roger Sherman is born

Sherman was born in Newton, Massachusetts, into a family of farmers. After his father's death, Sherman and the rest of the family moved to New Milford in Connecticut where he eventually became town clerk. He is remembered for signing all four great state papers, which yielded him the name Founding Father of the US.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1948

Maye Musk

born 1978

James Franco

born 1957

Mukesh Ambani

born 1965

Suge Knight