logo

Video encyclopedia

Flashback archive

Nepal earthquake

The 2015 Nepal earthquake of a magnitude of 7.8Mw or 8.1Ms and a maximum Mercalli Intensity killed nearly 9 000 people and left 22 000 people injured. Its epicenter was east of Gorkha District at Barpak, Gorkha, and its hypocenter was at a depth of approximately 8.2 km. It was the worst natural disaster to strike Nepal since 1934.

Nokia swallowed by Microsoft

Nokia's Devices and Services unit were sold to Microsoft for €5.44 billion, creating Microsoft Mobile. After the sale, Nokia began to focus more extensively on its telecommunications infrastructure business and on the Internet of things.

"Divergent" by Veronica Roth is published

Divergent is the debut novel of American novelist Veronica Roth, published by HarperCollins Children's Books. The novel is the first of the Divergent trilogy, a series of young adult dystopian novels set in the Divergent Universe. The novel has been compared to other young adult books such as The Hunger Games and The Maze Runner.

Amagasaki rail crash

The Amagasaki rail crash was a fatal railway derailment. A seven-car commuter train came off the tracks on the JR West Fukuchiyama Line in Amagasaki, Hyogo prefecture just before Amagasaki Station. Of the roughly 700 passengers, 106 passengers were killed and 562 others injured.

Yahoo! begins advertising its web-based search service

The "Do You Yahoo!?" spot was made 2 years after Yahoo! was founded by Jerry Yang and David Filo when it still had only 14 employees. The campaign succeeded in raising the brand recognition of Yahoo! and attracting more visitors to the Web portal.

Actress Ginger Rogers dies

Virginia Katherine Rogers was an American actress, dancer, and singer. She is widely known for performing in films and RKO's musical films, partnered with Fred Astaire. She died at her Rancho Mirage home at the age of 83. An autopsy concluded that the cause of death was a heart attack.

"Who's The Boss" final episode after 8 years on ABC TV

Who's the Boss? is an American sitcom created by Martin Cohan and Blake Hunter, which aired on ABC from September 20, 1984 to April 25, 1992. The series starred Tony Danza as a retired major league baseball player who relocates to Fairfield, Connecticut to work as a live-in housekeeper for a divorced advertising executive, played by Judith Light.

Roger Miller's musical "Big River" premieres in NYC

Big River: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a musical with a book by William Hauptman and music and lyrics by Roger Miller. The Broadway production ran for more than 1,000 performances and it remained one of the few very successful American musicals in the mid-1980s among the emerging successes coming from Great Britain.

1976

American professional basketball player Tim Duncan is born

Timothy Theodore Duncan is an American retired professional basketball player who played his entire 19-year career with the San Antonio Spurs of the NBA. Widely considered to be the greatest power forward of all time, he is a five-time NBA champion, two-time NBA MVP, three-time NBA Finals MVP, NBA All-Star Game MVP and NBA Rookie of the Year.

Polaroid Corp. introduces its SX-70 folding camera

The SX-70 is a folding single lens reflex Land camera which was produced by the Polaroid Corporation from 1972 to 1981. The SX-70 included many sophisticated design elements and there were lots of models offered by Polaroid Corp., but all share the same basic design.

Actress Renée Zellweger is born

Renée Kathleen Zellweger is an American actress and producer. She has received critical acclaim and numerous accolades, including an Academy Award, a BAFTA Award, three Golden Globe Awards, and three Screen Actors Guild Awards. She starred in movies such as Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation, Bridget Jones's Diary and Chicago.

Actor Hank Azaria is born

Henry Albert Azaria is an American actor, voice actor, comedian and producer. He is known for starring in the animated television sitcom The Simpsons, voicing Moe Szyslak, Apu Nahasapeemapetilon, Chief Wiggum, Comic Book Guy, Carl Carlson and many others. He also had recurring roles on the television series Mad About You and Friends.

Integrated circuit patent

American engineer Robert Noyce patented the "Semiconductor Device and Lead Structure." It was an early type of integrated circuit. This independent effort was recorded only a few months after the key findings of inventor Jack Kilby. Noyce is therefore known as the co-inventor of the IC. He later co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor and Intel Corporation.

St. Lawrence Seaway opened to ships going from Atlantic to Great Lakes

The Saint Lawrence Seaway is a system of locks, canals, and channels in Canada and the United States that permit ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes. The seaway was formally opened by Queen Elizabeth II and President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

1950

Chuck Cooper becomes the first black player ever selected in the NBA Draft

Chuck Cooper was drafted as the first pick of the second round by the Boston Celtics' owner Walter A. Brown and played for coach Red Auerbach. He made his NBA debut on November 1, 1950. Cooper and two others, Nat Clifton and Earl Lloyd, became the first African-American players in the NBA in 1950.

Actor Al Pacino is born

Pacino made his feature film debut with a minor role in Me, Natalie. He achieved international acclaim for his breakthrough role as Michael Corleone in The Godfather. Pacino has received numerous accolades and honors. He is one of few performers to have won a competitive Oscar, an Emmy, and a Tony Award for acting.

Cartoonist Albert Uderzo is born

Albert Uderzo is a French comic book artist and scriptwriter. The son of Italian immigrants, he is best known for his work on the Astérix series and also drew other comics such as Oumpah-pah, also in collaboration with René Goscinny.

Giacomo Puccini's opera "Turandot" premieres in Milan

Turandot is an opera in three acts by Giacomo Puccini, completed by Franco Alfano, and set to a libretto in Italian by Giuseppe Adami and Renato Simoni. The premiere of Turandot was at La Scala, Milan, one year and five months after Puccini's death. Rosa Raisa held the title role.

Jazz singer Ella Fitzgerald is born

Ella Jane Fitzgerald was an American jazz singer often referred to as the First Lady of Song, Queen of Jazz, and Lady Ella. She was noted for her purity of tone, impeccable diction, phrasing and intonation, and a "horn-like" improvisational ability, particularly in her scat singing.

New York becomes the first state to require automobile license plates

New York State has required plates since 1903 after first requiring two years earlier that only the owner's initials be clearly visible on the back of the vehicle. At first, plates were not government issued in most jurisdictions and motorists were obliged to make their own.

Austrian physicist Wolfgang Pauli is born

Pauli is known for his formulation of the exclusion principle, called Pauli principle in his honor. The principle states that two or more identical fermions cannot occupy the same quantum state within a quantum system, like an atom, simultaneously. This is one of the basic laws governing the structure of matter.

Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi is born

Marconi is usually credited as the inventor of the radio, although he had many predecessors and contemporaries who worked on similar devices. Marconi built the first radio telegraph system and formulated a law describing a relation between the height of antennas and maximum signaling distance of radio transmissions.

The capture of New Orleans

The capture of New Orleans during the American Civil War was an important event for the Union. Having fought past Forts Jackson and St. Philip, the Union was unopposed in its capture of the city itself, which was spared the destruction suffered by many other Southern cities.

Construction of Suez Canal starts

The Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez. The waterway was constructed by the Suez Canal Company between 1859 and 1869. The work started on the shore of the future Port Said.

Composer Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky is born

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was a Russian composer of the romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular music in the classical repertoire. He was the first Russian composer whose music made a lasting impression internationally. Tchaikovsky died on 23 October 1893.

Guillotine is used for the first time

In Paris, at the place de Grève, the guillotine was used for the first time on a human, highwayman Nicolas Jacques Pelletier. The executioner was Charles-Henri Sanson. The people were not satisfied. Everything happened too fast. They dispersed with disappointment wanting the gallows back, with more spectacle.

Daniel Defoe publishes "Robinson Crusoe"

Robinson Crusoe is a novel by Daniel Defoe. Epistolary, confessional, and didactic in form, the book is presented as an autobiography of the title character - a castaway who spends 28 years on a remote tropical desert island. Despite its simple narrative style, Robinson Crusoe was well received in the literary world.

Anniversaries of famous