Video encyclopedia

Flashback archive

"Last Week Tonight with John Oliver" first airs on HBO

Oliver's satire TV program premiere garnered 1.11 million viewers. The number of online viewers went even higher thanks to YouTube and similar other video-hosting websites. According to Oliver, he has full freedom and reign to criticize corporations, news, politicians, and current events on weekly basis.

Ariana Grande releases "Problem"

Republic Records released „Problem“ as the lead single from Grande's 2nd studio album My Everything. It is a dance-pop song, with noticeable influences of R&B. It debuted at No. 3 on the Billboard Hot 100 and sold 438,000 copies in its first week. Grande promoted the song at the 2014 Radio Disney Music Awards.

Dnipropetrovsk explosions

The Dnipropetrovsk explosions were a series of co-ordinated explosions in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine. The bombs went off between 11:50 and 13:00 near four tram stations. Minutes after the explosion, panic began spreading in Dnipropetrovsk. Internet connections in the area went down for hours after the explosions.

President Barack Obama produces a detailed Hawaii birth certificate

During Barack Obama's campaign for president in 2008, through his presidency, and afterwards, many conspiracy theories were circulated, falsely asserting that he was not a natural-born citizen of the United States. As a response, he provided his detailed Hawaii birth certificate.

Tornado super outbreak

One of the deadliest tornado outbreaks occurred in the USA, producing 361 tornadoes. The outbreak killed 348 people and injured at least 3,100. It was one of the costliest natural disasters in US history, with total damages of approximately $11 billion.

Greek bonds downgraded to junk amid debt crises

After the publication of GDP data which showed an intermittent period of recession, credit rating agencies downgraded Greek bonds to junk status. This froze private capital markets and put Greece in danger of sovereign default without a bailout.

GM shed Pontiac brand

Pontiac is a now-defunct car brand that was owned, made, and sold by General Motors. Sold in the United States, Canada, and Mexico by GM, Pontiac was advertised as the performance division of General Motors from the 1960s onward. GM announced in 2008 it would discontinue manufacturing and marketing vehicles under that brand by the end of 2010.

Construction of Freedom Tower begins

After the destruction of the original building, the construction of new started after a deal was struck between developer Larry Silverstein and the Port Authority of NY and New Jersey. Resolving the dispute meant the beginning of construction process. It took roughly 8 years till it was opened to the public.

Last data from Pioneer 10

NASA reported the last telemetry from the pioneer 10 probe. After thirty years in space, the spacecraft stopped to send usable data. The contact was not completely lost. All subsequent signals were, however, too weak. After approximately ten months Pioneer 10 calmed down. All attempts to contact the spacecraft were unsuccessful.

Sylvester Stallone’s "Driven" becomes a commercial and critical catastrophe

Stallone got interested in the racing world and decided to make a movie in that setting. Driven tells a story of a young driver's effort to in the racing championship. It was a commercial failure, grossing only $32 compared to $72 million budget. Ratings were very low and it was nominated for a couple of „worst“ prizes.

Video game The Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask is released

Majora's Mask is 6th installment in The Legend of Zelda series and only the 2nd to use 3D graphics. Roughly 314,000 copies were initially sold during the first week in Japan. The number went as high as 3.36 million copies sold worldwide. The game was received very well, with most ratings being mostly around 9/10 or higher.


Buffalo Sabres goalie Dominik Hasek turnes away 70 shots by the New Jersey Devils

One of the most impressive single-game performances by any player in NHL history came in April 1994. Hašek made 70 saves in a four-overtime shutout. The opposing goalie was Martin Brodeur, then a rookie, who made 49 saves before being beaten by Dave Hannan and the Sabres beat New Jersey.

Zambia national football team plane crashes

The 1993 Zambia national football team air disaster occurred when a Zambian Air Force de Havilland Canada DHC-5D Buffalo crashed into the Atlantic Ocean about 500 meters offshore from Libreville, Gabon. All 25 passengers and five crew members were killed.

Industrialist Konosuke Matsushita dies

Kōnosuke Matsushita was a Japanese industrialist who founded Panasonic, the largest Japanese consumer electronics company. To many Japanese, he is known as "the god of management". Chronic lung problems led to his death from pneumonia at the age of 94.

Ringo Starr marries Barbara Bach

Starr met Bach on the set of the film Caveman and soon got into a relationship with her. The couple got married in London, roughly a year later. Only a few relatives and close friends were present at the wedding party. According to Bach, she had never been much of a Beatles fan, which made the whole relationship easier for her.

Xerox PARC introduces the computer mouse

Xerox PARC has been the inventor and incubator of many elements of modern computing in the contemporary office work place. Amongs them was the graphical user interface, featuring windows and icons, operated with a mouse, unifying into a single model most aspects of now-standard personal computer use.

Group Areas Act is passed

The act that assigned racial groups to different residential and business sections in urban areas in a system of urban apartheid. An effect of the law was to exclude non-Whites from living in the most developed areas, which were restricted to Whites (e.g. Sea Point, Lansdowne, Cape Town).


Babe Ruth Day

Babe Ruth returned from his cancer treatment after the season started. The new commissioner, Happy Chandler, proclaimed this day in April the Babe Ruth Day around the major leagues, with the most significant observance to be at Yankee Stadium. A number of teammates and others spoke in honor of Ruth, who briefly addressed the crowd of almost 60,000.

Benito Mussolini is arrested by Italian partisans in Dongo

Two days before, Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci set out for Switzerland, intending to board a plane and escape to Spain. They were stopped near the village of Dongo by communist partisans Valerio and Bellini, and identified. This lead to their execution, and indirectly to Hitler's suicide.


The longest Olympics in modern Olympics history are held in London

Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the IV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in 1908 in London, England, United Kingdom. Lasting a total of 187 days, or 6 months and 4 days, these games were the longest in modern Olympics history.


Baseball Hall of Famer Rogers Hornsby is born

American baseball infielder, manager, and coach who played 23 seasons in Major League Baseball, was born in Winters, Texas. Hornsby is regarded as one of the best hitters of all time. His career batting average of .358 is second only to Ty Cobb, at .367, in MLB history.

Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson dies

American author and leader of transcendentalist movement, Ralph Emerson suffered from memory problems in his late years. The embarrassment led him to cease his public appearances. He was diagnosed with pneumonia and died 6 days later. He was buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, in Concord, Massachusetts.

London Zoo opens

World’s first scientific zoo was opened in Regent's Park, hence often called Regent's Zoo. Initially, it was just for the members of the Zoological Society of London, founded two years earlier. In 1847, it was opened to the public. Today it houses a collection of 698 species of animals, with 20 166 individuals.

18th US President Ulysses S. Grant is born

Ulysses Simpson Grant was an American soldier and statesman who served as Commanding General of the Army and President of the United States, the highest positions in the military and the government of the United States. Grant was born and raised in Ohio by Methodist parents whose lineage in the new world went back several generations.

Beethoven composes "Für Elise"

Bagatelle No. 25, known as „Für Elise“ is one of Beethoven's most popular compositions. It is a solo for piano in A minor. Beethoven did not publish it during his lifetime, it was instead discovered 40 years after his death by Ludwig Nohl. Original manuscript did not say who Elise was and it is not known.

American inventor and painter Samuel Morse is born

Morse is usually considered to be the author of Morse code, which he, however, only co-developed. He was a very skilled painter. One day, he was making a portrait of scientist Charles Thomas Jackson who was conducting experiments with electromagnetism. Morse became to be interested in electromagnetism himself. Soon he constructed his own apparatus for electrical communications.

British Parliament passes the Tea Act

Tea Act was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain. The principal objective was to reduce the massive amount of tea held by the financially troubled British East India Company in its London warehouses and to help the financially struggling company survive. A related objective was to undercut the price of illegal tea.

First performance of George Frideric Handel's "Fireworks Music" in Green Park, London

Handel composed „Fireworks Music“ under a contract of George II of Great Britain. The work was performed during the fireworks in Green Park, in London, as a way to celebrate the end of the War of the Austrian Succession. The musicians were in a specially constructed building, designed by theater designer Servandoni.

English historian Edward Gibbon is born

Gibbon is most known for his famous work The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. It covers the history of the Roman Empire, early Christianity, Roman State Church, and Europe. Because of its heavy use of primary sources, unusual at the time, its methodology became a model for later historians.

John Milton sells the copyright of "Paradise Lost"

English poet John Milton published an epic poem Paradise Lost. It consisted of ten books with over 10,000 lines written in blank verse. The poem was printed and sold in London. Critics consider it to be Milton's major work, one that helped establish his reputation as one of the greatest English poets of his era.

Anniversaries of famous