Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Alitalia files for bankrupt

Alitalia is the flag carrier of Italy with its head office in Fiumicino. After their employee rejected job-cuts proposal aimed at reducing costs, the airline announced that it will start going through a bankruptcy process. Ryanair expressed interest in Alitalia but dropped its bid after the chaos caused by Ryanair's cancellation of flights.


Leicester City wins the English Premier League title

Leicester City won the championship for the first time in their 132-year history, becoming the 24th club to emerge as English football champions, and the sixth club to win the Premier League. Many commentators consider this to be one of the greatest sports upsets in history.


The Battle for Greatness takes place

The Battle for Greatness was a professional boxing match between undefeated five-division world champion Floyd Mayweather Jr. and eight-division world champion Manny Pacquiao. Mayweather Jr. won the contest by unanimous decision, with two judges scoring it 116–112 and the third 118–110.

'The Scream' sells at auction for $119,922,500

"The Scream" is the popular name given to each of four versions of a composition, created as both paintings and pastels, by Norwegian Expressionist artist Edvard Munch. The fourth version was sold for $119,922,600 to financier Leon Black, the fourth highest nominal price paid for a painting at auction.

E. coli outbreak strikes Europe

In 2011, a novel strain of Escherichia coli O104:H4 bacteria caused a serious outbreak of foodborne illness centered in northern Germany. The illness was characterized by bloody diarrhea, with a high frequency of serious complications including hemolytic-uremic syndrome, a condition that requires urgent treatment.

Osama bin Laden is killed by US special forces

Osama bin Laden was killed in Pakistan shortly after 1:00 am by United States Navy SEALs of the U.S. Naval Special Warfare Development Group. The operation, code-named Operation Neptune Spear, was carried out in a CIA-led operation with Joint Special Operations Command coordinating the Special Mission Units involved in the raid.

Greece debt crises culminates, €110bn bailout agreed

The European Commission, ECB, and IMF launched a €110 billion bailout loan to rescue Greece from sovereign default and cover its financial needs through June 2013, conditional on implementation of austerity measures, structural reforms and privatization of government assets.

Cyclone Nargis hits Myanmar

Cyclone Nargis arrived in Myanmar. In the course of two days, it passed over the entire country leaving 84,500 people confirmed dead and another 53,800 missing. 37 townships were damaged by the disaster, an estimated 2.4 million people were left homeless.

'Iron Man' is released in the US

Iron Man is an American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Paramount Pictures. It is the first film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. The film was a critical and commercial success, grossing over $585 million and garnering critical acclaim.

Chad Kroeger is banned from driving for a year

Chad Kroeger is a Canadian musician and producer, best known as the lead vocalist and guitarist for the Canadian rock band Nickelback. Kroeger was convicted of drunk driving in a British Columbia court after he was stopped for speeding in Surrey.

Rihanna releases 'Unfaithful'

"Unfaithful" is a song by Barbadian singer Rihanna from her second studio album A Girl like Me. The song was released by Def Jam Recordings as the second single from the album. "Unfaithful" is a pop and R&B ballad inspired by the works of American rock band Evanescence.

Sotheby's and Christie's chiefs charged of overcharging customers

A federal jury in the US has indicted the former chairmen of the world's two largest auction houses, Sotheby's and Christie's, on charges of overcharging its customers. It said sellers in the US alone were charged more than $400m in commissions during the six years of the alleged conspiracy. In 2002 Alfred Taubman gets a year in jail.

President Clinton announces US army to allow public use of GPS

The Global Positioning System is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force. On May 2nd, selective availability was discontinued as a result of the 1996 executive order, allowing civilian users to receive a non-degraded signal globally.

Greece allows to join eurozone

Greece qualified to join Eurozone roughly 19 years after it became a member state of European Union. The country was admitted at the start of following year before the notes and coins were introduced and replaced national currency.


John Elway announces his retirement

At the age of 38, Elway announced his retirement from professional football. Elway is regarded as one of the top quarterbacks ever to play the game. He has one of the best winning percentages in league history and is tied for second most Pro Bowl selections for a quarterback.

The Battle of Hogwarts

The Battle of Hogwarts was a conflict that ended the Second Wizarding War. It took place in the early hours, within the castle and on the grounds of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. The battle ended with a decisive victory for the Order and the D.A., with many Death Eaters and Voldemort himself dead.

Tony Blair becomes Britain's youngest prime minister

Labour Party's Tony Blair became the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom at 44. He was the youngest person to become Prime Minister since Lord Liverpool took office in 1812 at age 42. Blair was the Labour Party's longest-serving Prime Minister, remaining in the post from 1997 to 2007.

Eddie Murphy is stopped by police in West Hollywood

Murphy was stopped by police after having been observed picking up a transgender prostitute. The prostitute, Shalimar Seiuli, was arrested on an outstanding warrant for prostitution. Murphy was not arrested or charged and claimed he was just giving Seiuli a ride.

'Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery' premieres in the US

"Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery" is an American spy action comedy film and the first installment of the Austin Powers film series. The film, which cost US$16.5 million, opened in May 1997, grossing US$53 million from its North American release and over $67 million worldwide.

Nelson Mandela wins in South Africa's first democratic elections

Nelson Mandela was elected president of South Africa in the first elections where citizens of all races were allowed to vote, making him the country's first black chief executive. The elections were held on 27 April 1994. This day later became a public holiday in South Africa.

Ireland bans R.E.M music video 'Losing My Religion'

"Losing My Religion" is a song by the American alternative rock band R.E.M. Built on a mandolin riff, "Losing My Religion" was an unlikely hit for the group, garnering extensive airplay on radio as well as MTV and VH1 due to its critically acclaimed music video which was banned in Ireland because its religious imagery was seen as unfit for broadcast.

Hungary begins dismantling its border fence with Austria as Cold War ends

During the collapse of communism in Hungary, people began the removal of fence along the Austrian border. The dismantling of the electric fence was the first step in lifting the „Iron Curtain”. The event caused a chain reaction which eventually resulted in the destruction of Berlin Wall, unifying Europe again.

The Weather Channel makes its debut

The Weather Channel launched with the intention of providing continuous weather reports to the public. The first broadcast was anchored by meteorologists Bruce Edwards and André Bernier. The channel focuses on providing weather information for the United States and other countries.

Norman Greenbaum hits #1 on the UK singles chart with 'Spirit In The Sky'

"Spirit in the Sky" is a song written and originally recorded by Norman Greenbaum. The single became a gold record, selling two million copies in two years and reached number three on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart, where it remained for 15 weeks in the Top 100. Billboard ranked the record the No. 22 song of 1970.


The first woman jockey rides at the Kentucky Derby

Diane Crump is an American jockey and horse trainer. She became the first female jockey to ride in the Kentucky Derby. Crump won the first race on the undercard that day, and then on a horse named Fathom, came in 15th in a 17-horse field in the Derby.

The Beatles hit #1 on the UK singles chart with 'From Me To You'

"From Me to You" is a song written by Paul McCartney and John Lennon and released by English rock group the Beatles as their third single. It was the Beatles' first number one in some of the UK charts, their second in others, but failed to make an impact in the United States at the time of its initial release.

Tennessee Williams wins the Pulitzer Prize for Drama

One of Tennessee Williams's best-known works, "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof", won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama. The original 1955 Broadway production ran for nearly 700 performances. This was Williams's second Pulitzer Prize victory after "A Streetcar Named Desire" won the same category in 1948.

First commercial jetliner takes to the air

British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) introduced its first passenger jet, the de Havilland Comet. It offered a relatively quiet, comfortable cabin. But soon after its introduction, problems began to arise. Within a year, three comets had crashed. The defect was caused by metal fatigue, a phenomenon not fully understood at the time.

Arthur Miller, author of 'Death of a Salesman', wins Pulitzer Prize

Death of a Salesman is a play written by American playwright Arthur Miller. It was the recipient of the Pulitzer Prize for Drama and the Tony Award for Best Play. It is widely considered to be one of the greatest plays of the 20th century.

British inventor James Dyson is born

Known for inventing the bagless vacuum cleaner, James Dyson's first invention was actually the Ballbarrow, a modified version of a wheelbarrow that used a ball instead of a wheel. He expanded his range of inventions by adding a washing machine, a fast hand dryer, a fan without external blades and a Supersonic hair dryer. Many of his creations have become commercial success stories, and in 2017 his net worth was £7.8 billion.

'The Postman Always Rings Twice' premieres in the United States

"The Postman Always Rings Twice" is a film noir based on a novel of the same name by James M. Cain. This adaptation of the novel features Lana Turner, John Garfield, Cecil Kellaway, Hume Cronyn, Leon Ames, and Audrey Totter. The film was a big hit, earning $3,741,000 in the US and Canada and $1,345,000 elsewhere, recording a profit of $1,626,000.

The Battle of Alcatraz breaks out

The Battle of Alcatraz was the result of an unsuccessful escape attempt at Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary. Two corrections officers were killed along with three inmates. Eleven corrections officers and one uninvolved convict were also injured. Two of the surviving convicts were later executed for their roles.

Soviet Union announces the fall of Berlin

Red Army surrounded Berlin and assaulted the city. The garrison consisting of several depleted Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS divisions, along with poorly trained Hitler Youth and Volkssturm did not stand a chance against the Soviets. After the death of Hitler and his followers, General Weidling surrendered to General Vasily Chuikov.

Cheerios cereals shipped to first six test markets

Cheerios is an American brand of cereal manufactured by General Mills, consisting of pulverized oats in the shape of a solid torus. It was introduced in 1941 as CheeriOats, but the name was changed to Cheerios in 1945. Highly effective marketing led to the cereal's great success for General Mills, which sold approximately 1.8 million cases of Honey Nut Cheerios in its first year alone.

Ella Fitzgerald records 'A-Tisket, A-Tasket'

Ella Fitzgerald recorded her own take on the nineteenth-century nursery rhyme "A-Tisket, A-Tasket", launching her successful career. The song first hit the charts at the number 10 spot and two weeks later reached number one. The jazz tune entered the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1986.

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie leaves Ethiopia

Haile Selassie I was Ethiopia's regent and emperor. He also served as Chairperson of the Organisation of African Unity. He was a member of the Solomonic Dynasty. Haile Selassie appointed his cousin Ras Imru Haile Selassie as Prince Regent in his absence, departing with his family for French Somaliland.


The Negro National League plays its first baseball game

The Indianapolis ABCs beat the Chicago American Giants in the first game played in the inaugural season of the Negro National League, held at Washington Park in Indianapolis. The Negro National League was one of several Negro leagues which were established during the period in the United States when organized baseball was segregated.

General Motors acquires Chevrolet

Chevrolet is an American automobile division of the American manufacturer General Motors. Louis Chevrolet and William C. Durant started the company in 1911 as the Chevrolet Motor Car Company.In 1918, Durant used the Chevrolet Motor Car Company to acquire a controlling stake in General Motors with a reverse merger and propelled himself back to the GM presidency.

The April Uprising breaks out

The April Uprising was an insurrection organised by the Bulgarians in the Ottoman Empire, which indirectly resulted in the re-establishment of Bulgaria. The regular Ottoman Army and irregular bashi-bazouk units brutally suppressed the rebels, resulting in a public outcry in Europe, with many famous intellectuals condemning the Ottoman atrocities.

Gulf Stream mapped for the first time

American polymath, Benjamin Franklin, published the first map of the Gulf Stream after becoming interested in the matter as a deputy postmaster of the British Colonies. Franklin noticed that ships needed more time to bring mail from England than they required travelling in the opposite direction. The Gulf Stream itself was first observed by Ponce de León.

Mary, Queen of Scots escapes captivity

Mary, Queen of Scots, also known as Mary Stuart or Mary I, reigned over Scotland from 1542 to 1567. In 1568, she escaped captivity in Loch Leven Castle with the aid of George Douglas, brother of Sir William Douglas, the castle's owner.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous