Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Basque separatist terrorist band ETA announces its dissolution

ETA was an armed leftist Basque nationalist and separatist organization in the Basque Country. Between 1968 and 2010, it killed 829 people, including 340 civilians, and injured thousands more. In 2018, ETA made public a letter according to which it had "completely dissolved all its structures and ended its political initiative".

Martha Stewart is found guilty of insider trading

In 2004, Stewart was convicted of charges related to the ImClone stock trading case. There was speculation that the incident would effectively end her media empire, although Stewart began a comeback campaign in 2005 and her company returned to profitability in 2006. The company was acquired by Sequential Brands in 2015.

London and Frankfurt Stock Exchanges agree to merge

The merger between the London Stock Exchange and Deutsche Börse was announced in 2000. These plans were eventually dropped, however. In 2001, Deutsche Börse tried again to merge with the London Stock Exchange, followed by a takeover bid in late 2004, but both offers were rejected by the LSE.

GOES-G satellite launch fails

GOES-G was a weather satellite heading into geostationary orbit and intended for operation by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Seventy-one seconds after launch, the first stage main engine shut down prematurely due to an electrical fault and the rocket was automatically destroyed. This had been NASA's first launch following the Challenger disaster.

Spam is sent for the first time

The first known email spam was sent in 1978 to several hundred users on ARPANET. It was an advertisement for a presentation by the Digital Equipment Corporation sent by Gary Thuerk, a marketer of theirs. The reaction to it was almost universally negative, and for a long time there were no further instances.

Supreme Court voids racially-restrictive property deals in the U.S.

Shelley v. Kraemer is a landmark United States Supreme Court case holding that the State-Action Doctrine includes the enforcement of private contracts, the Equal Protection Clause and prohibits racially restrictive housing covenants, stating that such covenants are unenforceable in court.

Japan adopts post-war constitution

The constitution provides for a parliamentary system of government and guarantees certain fundamental rights. Under its terms, the Emperor of Japan is "the symbol of the State and of the unity of the people" and exercises a purely ceremonial role without the possession of sovereignty.

The Sinking of the SS Cap Arcona

The largest maritime disaster in history occurred in Lübeck Bay in the Baltic Sea when the Royal Air Force sank the prison ships SS Cap Arcona, SS Deutschland and SS Thielbek, killing about 7,000 people. The inmates were being evacuated and killed when British warplanes attacked the three large German vessels.

British coal miners go on strike

The 1926 general strike was called by the General Council of the Trades Union Congress in an unsuccessful attempt to force the British government to act to prevent wage reduction and worsening conditions for 1.2 million locked-out coal miners. It lasted for nine days.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1958

Sandi Toksvig

born 1965

Rob Brydon

died 1981