Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Argentines sink the first of four UK warships in Falklands War

The first of four British warships, a Type 42 destroyer called the HMS Sheffield, was lost to fire following an Exocet missile strike from the Argentine 2nd Naval Air Fighter/Attack Squadron. The vessel was struck amidships with devastating effect. The resulting death toll reached a total of 20 crew members while 24 more were severely injured. The ship was abandoned several hours later.

Yugoslav President Josip Tito dies

Josip Broz, commonly known as Tito, was a Yugoslav communist revolutionary and political leader who served in various roles throughout his life. He died after contracting gangrene at the Medical Centre of Ljubljana, just three days short of his 88th birthday.

Margaret Thatcher becomes the first female Prime Minister of the UK

Margaret Thatcher, also known as The Iron Lady, became the first woman to hold the position of UK Prime Minister. After three terms, Thatcher resigned due to power struggles in the Conservative Party in 1991.

The first Freedom Riders begin a bus trip through the South

Freedom Riders were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in order to challenge the non-enforcement of two United States Supreme Court decisions which had ruled segregated public buses unconstitutional. The first Freedom Ride left Washington, D.C. in 1961 and was scheduled to arrive in New Orleans on May 17.

Al Capone begins his eleven-year prison sentence for tax evasion

Al Capone was an American mobster, crime boss, and businessman who attained notoriety during the Prohibition era as the co-founder and boss of the Chicago Outfit. After the Saint Valentine's Day Massacre, in which seven gang rivals were murdered in broad daylight, the federal authorities became intent on jailing him and prosecuted him in 1931 for tax evasion. Capone was convicted and sentenced to 11 years in federal prison.

The United States takes over construction of Panama Canal

In 1904, The United States took over work on the Panama Canal from the French, purchasing equipment and excavations, including the Panama Railroad, for US $40 million. The United States also paid the new country of Panama $10 million and a $250,000 payment each following year.

The Haymarket affair

The Haymarket affair was the aftermath of a bombing that took place at a labor demonstration at Haymarket Square in Chicago. An unknown person threw a dynamite bomb at police as they acted to disperse the public meeting. The bomb blast and ensuing gunfire resulted in the deaths of seven police officers and at least four civilians.

The Battle of Tewkesbury is fought

The Battle of Tewkesbury was one of the decisive battles of the Wars of the Roses. The forces loyal to the House of Lancaster were completely defeated by those of the rival House of York under their monarch, King Edward IV. Many prominent Lancastrian nobles were killed during the battle or were executed.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1954

Doug Jones

died 1799

Tipu Sultan