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2013

Sir Alex Ferguson announces his retirement

Football legend, Alexander Ferguson, announced that he was to retire as manager at the end of the 2013 football season, but would remain at the club as a director and club ambassador. The Guardian announced it was the "end of an era", while UEFA president Michel Platini said that Ferguson was "a true visionary".

Bus falls into a river in Himachal Pradesh

At least 33 passengers were killed when an overloaded bus fell into a river in the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Thirty-three bodies were recovered and 14 injured persons rescued and rushed to hospital. The bus driver jumped off the bus before it plunged into the river, local police said.

Nevada hands Google the first US licence for self-driving cars

A Toyota Prius modified with Google's experimental driverless technology was licensed by the Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles. This was the first license issue in the United States for a self-driven car. License plates issued in Nevada for autonomous cars will have a red background and feature an infinity symbol.

The Tate Modern offers preview to world media

Ahead of its official opening by the Queen, the Tate Modern, Britain's national gallery of international modern art, offered a sneak preview to the world’s media. During its first year, it received more than five million visitors - twice the amount of the other three Tate galleries combined for the previous year.

Ricky Martin's "Livin' La Vida Loca" goes #1 on the US charts

"Livin' la Vida Loca" is a number one hit song by Ricky Martin. It was released on Martin's self-titled debut English language album. The song was composed by Desmond Child and Draco Rosa. La vida loca is Spanish for "the crazy life." The song received various Grammy Awards nominations and Ricky Martin obtained enormous success.

"The Rise and Fall of Little Voice" closes at Neil Simon NYC

The Rise and Fall of Little Voice is a play written by English dramatist Jim Cartwright. The play tells the story of a shy, reclusive girl named Little Voice and her larger than life, out of control mother Mari.

USSR announces it will not participate in LA Summer Olympics

The boycott of the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles followed four years after the U.S.-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. It involved 14 Eastern Bloc countries, led by the Soviet Union. Boycotting countries organized another major event called the Friendship Games.

"Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom" premieres in Los Angeles

"Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom" is an American action-adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg. It is the second installment in the Indiana Jones franchise and a prequel to the film Raiders of the Lost Ark, featuring Harrison Ford reprising his role as the title character.

1978

Brazilian footballer Lúcio is born

Lúcio is a Brazilian footballer who plays for Gama as a central defender. He began his professional career in 1998 with Sport Club Internacional. With Brazil, Lúcio has accumulated a number of significant accomplishments, winning the 2002 World Cup, 2005 Confederations Cup and 2009 Confederations Cup. He remains the last active player of the 2002 winning team since his teammate Kaká’s retirement.

Abba score their third UK No. 1 single with "Fernando"

"Fernando" is a song by the Swedish pop group ABBA. It was the group's first non-album single and was released through Polar Music. It is one of fewer than forty all-time singles to have sold 10 million physical copies worldwide, making it one of the bestselling singles ever.

Enrique Iglesias is born

Known as the King of Latin Pop, Enrique Iglesias is one of the biggest stars in Latin America and the United States. He is a Spanish singer, songwriter, record producer and actor. Iglesias is one of the bestselling Spanish artists, having sold over 159 million records worldwide.

The last armed rebelion of American Indians ends after 10 weeks

The Wounded Knee incident was an armed protest that began when approximately 200 Oglala Lakota and followers of the American Indian Movement seized and occupied the town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. The standoff followed a failed effort by OSCRO to impeach tribal president, Richard Wilson, whom they accused of corruption and abuse of opponents. Additionally, protesters criticized the United States government's failure to fulfill treaties with Native American people and demanded the reopening of treaty negotiations.

1970

New York Knicks beat Los Angeles Lakers 4-3 to win NBA Finals

The New York Knicks, Eastern Division champions, defeated the Los Angeles Lakers, Western Division champions, in a best-of-seven series of 4 games to 3 for their first NBA title. The final game of the series was named by ESPN in 2010 as the greatest-ever Game 7 in finals history, featuring a return from injury for Willis Reed.

The Beatles release "Let It Be"

“Let it Be” is the Beatles’ final studio album after they gave up touring. It was released almost a month after their break-up and was conceived as a return to the their less complicated approach to music. Like most of the band's previous releases, it was a number one album in many countries, including both the US and the UK, and was released in tandem with the motion picture of the same name.

1967

Muhammad Ali is indicted for refusing induction into US Army

Though boxer and activist, Muhammad Ali, had registered for conscription in the United States military on his 18th birthday, he later declared he would refuse to serve in the army and publicly considered himself a conscientious objector. In April, 1967, he appeared for his scheduled induction into the U.S. Armed Forces, but refused three times to step forward when his name was called. He was immediately arrested and stripped of his heavyweight title. Ali, a Muslim, cited religious reasons for his decision to forgo military service.

Gemini 1 takes off

Gemini 1 was the first unmanned test flight of the Gemini spacecraft in NASA's Gemini program. Its main objectives were to test the structural integrity of the new spacecraft and modified Titan II launch vehicle. It was also the first test of the new tracking and communication systems for the Gemini program and provided ground support crews with training for the first manned missions. It is often considered a bridge between the first manned American spaceflight program, Project Mercury, and the Apollo program which took humans to the moon.

The Beatles remain at #1 on the US singles chart for 14 weeks with three No. 1 hits

With their hit songs “I want to Hold Your Hand”, "She Loves You", and "Can't Buy Me Love", the Beatles topped the Billboard Hot 100 chart for 14 consecutive weeks. On February 1st, the group achieved their first No. 1 in Billboard with "I Want to Hold Your Hand". "She Loves You" spent five weeks at No. 2 behind "I Want to Hold Your Hand", replacing it for two weeks at No. 1 on March 21st. "Can't Buy Me Love" topped the Billboard Hot 100 chart form 4th April for four weeks.

"Dracula" debuts

"Dracula" is a British horror film based on the novel by Bram Stoker and directed by Terence Fisher with a screenplay by Jimmy Sangster. It was the first in the series of Hammer Horror films starring Christopher Lee as Count Dracula. The film was released in the U.S. on a double bill with the Universal film "The Thing That Couldn't Die".

V-E Day

Victory in Europe Day, generally known as V-E Day, VE Day or simply V Day, is celebrated on May 8, 1945 to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces. The formal surrender of the German forces occupying the Channel Islands did not occur until the following day, May 9, 1945. It thus marked the end of World War II in Europe.

The Halifax riot starts

The Halifax riots began as a celebration of the World War II Victory in Europe. This rapidly evolved into a rampage by several thousand servicemen, merchant seamen and civilians, who looted the City of Halifax. By the time the mayhem ended there were three men dead, 363 arrested, 654 businesses damaged and 207 establishments looted to some degree.

The Prague uprising ends

The Prague uprising was an attempt by the Czech resistance to liberate the city of Prague from German occupation during World War II. Events began on May 5, 1945, in the last moments of the war in Europe. The uprising lasted four days, ending in a ceasefire between the Czech resistance and the German army which decided to leave Prague the same day. The next morning, the Red Army entered the nearly liberated city. The day is a public holiday in Czech Republic.

Novelist Peter Benchley is born

Peter Bradford Benchley was an American author and screenwriter. He is known for the bestselling novel, “Jaws”, and co-wrote its subsequent film adaptation with Carl Gottlieb. Several more of his works were also adapted for cinema, including "The Deep", "The Island", "Beast", and" White Shark".

Paramount Pictures is established

Paramount Pictures is an American film studio based in Hollywood, California. Founded in 1912, it is the second oldest film studio in the United States and the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world. In 2014, Paramount Pictures became the first major Hollywood studio to distribute all of its films in digital form only.

English photographer Eadweard Muybridge dies

Eadweard Muybridge was an English photographer important for his pioneering work in photographic studies of motion, and early work in motion-picture projection. In 1878, he was hired by industrialist Leland Stanford to determine whether a galloping horse ever lifts all four feet completely off the ground. Muybridge took 24 photographs of a running horse in rapid succession and projected them on a device he had designed for displaying moving images.

Post-Impressionist artist Paul Gauguin dies

Unappreciated until after his death, Gauguin is now recognized for his experimental use of color and Synthetist style that distinguish him from the Impressionist painters. He spent ten years in French Polynesia late in his life, and most of the paintings from that era depict people or landscapes from the surrounding region.

Coca-Cola hits the market

Originally intended as a patent medicine, Coca-Cola was invented in the late 19th century by John Pemberton who first mixed it in a brass kettle hung over a backyard fire. It was first sold at Jacob's Pharmacy in Atlanta, Georgia, for five cents a glass. Pemberton claimed Coca-Cola cured many diseases including morphine addiction, indigestion, nerve disorders, headaches, and impotence.

The 33rd US President, Harry S. Truman, is born

Harry S. Truman was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States, taking office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. A World War I veteran, he assumed the presidency during the waning months of World War II and the beginning of the Cold War.

The first pneumatic tire is patented

The first patent for what appears to be a standard pneumatic tire appeared in 1847, filed by the Scottish inventor Robert William Thomson. However, this never went into production. The first practical pneumatic tire was made by Scots-born John Boyd Dunlop, owner of one of Ireland's most prosperous veterinary practices.

The first of Hans Christian Andersen’s fairytales are published

The first installment of Hans Christian Andersen’s fairytales was published by C. A. Reitzel in Copenhagen, Denmark and contained "The Tinderbox", "Little Claus and Big Claus", "The Princess and the Pea", and "Little Ida's Flowers". Two other installments followed, and the resulting nine stories were compiled into a single collection entitled “Fairy tales for Children. First Collection.”

Anniversaries of famous