Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

"Portrait of Dr. Gachet" by van Gogh sells for $82.5 million

"Portrait of Dr. Gachet" depicts Dr. Paul Gachet, a man who took care of van Gogh during his final months. It is one of the Gogh’s most revered painting. The 1st version was sold at Christie’s auction house to the Koyabashi Gallery of Tokyo for $82.5 million, the highest price paid for a painting at the time.

Dmitri Shostakovitch's String quartet No. 7 makes its debut

Shostakovich’s String Quartet No. 7 was composed in F-sharp minor between February and March. He made it in memory of his 1st wife Nina who died several years prior. The premiere took place in Leningrad. The Beethoven Quartet, formed by graduates of the Moscow Conservatory, performed all 3 movements without a break.

Painter Jasper Johns is born

Jasper Johns is an American painter, sculptor and printmaker whose work is associated with abstract expressionism, Neo-Dada, and pop art. He is well known for his depictions of the American flag and other US-related topics. Johns' works regularly go for millions of dollars at sale and auction.

Poet Emily Dickinson dies

Emily Elizabeth Dickinson was an American poet who was as prolific as she was private - fewer than a dozen of her nearly 1,800 poems were published during her lifetime. Although Dickinson's acquaintances were most likely aware of her writing, it was not until after her death that the breadth of her work became apparent to the public. The end of her life was full of tragedy and as death succeeded death, Dickinson found her world upended. She fell ill and spent the last months of her life bedridden. Finally, after several days of worsening symptoms, she succumbed to her illness and died.

Salon des Refusés opens in Paris

Salon des Refusés was an exhibition of works rejected by the jury of the official Paris Salon. It was opened after the jury refused 2/3 of the presented works. This started a protest, following which the Emperor decided they should be displayed elsewhere. The exhibition brought in more than a thousand visitors per day.

Royal Italian Opera reopens after disastrous blaze

Originally named Theatre Royal, it served primarily as a playhouse for the first hundred years of its history and is the third theatre on the site following disastrous fires in 1808 and 1856. Renamed the Royal Opera house in 1892, it is currently an opera house and a major performing arts venue in Covent Garden, London.

Anniversaries of famous