Video encyclopedia

Flashback archive

Final episode of "Castle" airs

Castle is an American crime-comedy-drama television series which aired on ABC for a total of eight seasons. The eighth season consisted of 22 episodes. There was some speculation the show would not run for a ninth season and in the end, despite several cast members having signed on for another season, it was canceled; the final episode aired in May 2016.


Dean Potter dies in a BASE jumping accident

D.S. Potter was an American free climber, BASE jumper, BASEliner, and highliner. He and his friend Graham Hunt were killed while attempting an illegal proximity wingsuit flight from Taft Point above Yosemite Valley. They had made this flight before, but it "still required precision to make it through a small notch. Hunt hit a side wall. Potter had cleared the notch and then crashed. They both died on impact."


Football clubs fined €60 million for breaching Fair Play Regulations

In May 2014, UEFA announced that they agreed to settlements with nine clubs after Financial Fair Play investigations, with sanctions ranging from break-even targets, sporting measures and financial contribution. Paris Saint-Germain F.C. & Manchester City F.C. were fined the largest amount of €60 million.

Bill Gates once again becomes the world's richest man

From 1995 to 2017, Gates has held the Forbes title of richest person in the world for all but four of those years, holding it consistently from March 2014 – July 2017 with an estimated net worth of US$89.9 billion as of October 2017.

Moscow hosts the 54th Eurovision Song Contest

The Eurovision Song Contest is the longest-running annual international TV song competition, held since 1956. Norway won the 54th Eurovision Song Contest when singer Alexander Rybak beat 24 other contestants with his song "Fairytale". Rybak scored a record 387 points, beating Iceland with 218 points and Azerbaijan with 207 points.

Nicolas Sarkozy takes office as President of France

Nicolas Sarkozy is a French politician who served as the President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 16 May 2007 until 15 May 2012. During his term, he faced the late-2000s financial crisis and the Arab Spring. In the 2012 election, the Socialist François Hollande defeated Sarkozy by 3.2%.

Video game Zoo Tycoon 2: African Adventure is released

Zoo Tycoon 2: African Adventure is the second expansion pack for the video game Zoo Tycoon 2. Developed by Blue Fang Games, work on the game began in early 2005 in preparation for a May 2006 release. The expansion introduced 20 new animals, such as the meerkat and the pygmy hippo, and allowed simple breeding between subspecies.

Casablanca bombings kill 45

The Casablanca bombings were a series of suicide bombings. The attacks were the deadliest terrorist incident in the country's history, leaving forty-five people dead. The suicide bombers came from the shanty towns of Sidi Moumen, a poor suburb of Casablanca. In response, a large demonstration was organized through the streets of Casablanca.

"Attack of the Clones" opens in cinemas

Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones is a 2002 American epic space opera movie directed by George Lucas and written by Lucas and Jonathan Hales. The movie premiered as part of the inaugural Tribeca Film Festival at the BMCC Performing Arts Center in New York City in May 2002.

Video game Final Fantasy XI is released

Final Fantasy XI is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game, developed and published by Square as part of the Final Fantasy series. Designed and produced by Hiromichi Tanaka, it was released in Japan in 2002 for PlayStation 2 and Microsoft Windows-based personal computers in November of that year. It was also the Xbox 360's first MMORPG.


Sammy Sosa becomes first Chicago Cub to hit 2 homeruns in 1 inning

Samuel Kelvin Peralta Sosa is a Dominican former professional baseball right fielder. He joined the Chicago Cubs in 1992 and became one of the game's best hitters. In 1995, he was named to his first All-Star team and by 1996, he was batting .273 with 40 home runs and 100 RBIs. That year, he scored two homeruns in the seventh inning while playing the Houston Astros.

"Muppets" creator Jim Henson dies

James Maury Henson was an American puppeteer, artist, cartoonist, inventor, screenwriter, and filmmaker who achieved international fame as the creator of the Muppets. He died of toxic shock syndrome at the age of 53, 20 hours after experiencing a medical emergency; this unexpected event was widely lamented in the media and entertainment industry. In the weeks following his death, he was celebrated with a wave of tributes. He was posthumously inducted into the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1991.

U2's "With or Without You" single goes #1 on the US charts

With or Without You is a song by Irish rock band U2. It is the third track from their fifth studio album, The Joshua Tree. The song was the group's most successful single at the time, becoming their first number-one hit in both the United States and Canada by topping the Billboard Hot 100 for three weeks.

Actress Megan Fox is born

Megan Denise Fox is an American actress and model. She was born in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Fox began her training in dance and drama at age five, in Kingston, Tennessee. When she was 13 years old, Fox began modeling after winning several awards at the 1999 American Modeling and Talent Convention in Hilton Head, South Carolina.

Bobby Ewing comes back from the dead on TV soap "Dallas"

Bobby had been killed off in the final episode of the 1984–85 season, and Patrick Duffy left the show for a year. Bobby returned to the show in the famous "shower scene" right at the end of the 1985–86 season.

"Top Gun" premieres

Top Gun is a 1986 American romantic military action drama film directed by Tony Scott and produced by Don Simpson and Jerry Bruckheimer. It debuted in 1 028 theaters throughout the U.S. and quickly became the highest-grossing movie of the year, hitting number one in only its first weekend when it raked in $8,193,052 gross.


Michael Jordan is named NBA Rookie of Year

Micheal Jordan is an American retired professional basketball player. During his rookie season with the Chicago Bulls, he averaged 28.2 ppg on 51.5% shooting. He quickly became a fan favorite even in opposing arenas and appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated with the heading "A Star Is Born" just over a month into his professional career.

Michael Jackson debuts his moonwalk

The moonwalk is a dance move in which the dancer moves backwards while seemingly walking forwards. A popping move, it became popular around the world after Michael Jackson, an American singer, songwriter and dancer, performed the dance move during a performance of "Billie Jean".


Islanders win their third straight Stanley Cup

The 1982 Stanley Cup Finals was played between the Vancouver Canucks and New York Islanders. The Islanders won the best-of-seven series four games to none, to win their third straight and third overall Stanley Cup. This is also the most recent time that a Stanley Cup Champion has won three in a row.

Kim Carnes' "Bette Davis Eyes" hits #1 on the US charts

Bette Davis Eyes is a song written and composed by Donna Weiss and Jackie DeShannon, and made popular by American singer Kim Carnes. DeShannon recorded it in 1974; Carnes's 1981 version spent nine weeks at No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 and was Billboard's biggest hit of 1981.


Muhammad Ali beats Ron Lyle for heavyweight boxing title

Boxing legend, Muhammad Ali, and Ron Lyle fought a boxing match in May, 1975. Ali won the bout through a technical knockout in the 11th round. Lyle was known for his punching power, crowd-pleasing fighting style, as well as courage and determination inside the ring.

Britten's opera "Owen Wingrave" premieres in Aldwych, London

Owen Wingrave is an opera originally written for a televised performance. The opera has two acts with music by Benjamin Britten. The libretto is by Myfanwy Piper, based on a short story by Henry James. The premiere was recorded at Snape Maltings in November 1970 and first broadcast on BBC2.

The Venera 5 Soviet space probe lands on Venus

Venera 5 was a space probe in the Soviet space program, Venera, used to explore Venus. It was launched into a parking orbit around Earth in January 1969, and then boosted towards Venus by a Tyazheliy Sputnik launch platform. Following a mid-course maneuver in March 1969, the probe was released from the bus at a distance of 23,000 mi from Venus.

Prague spring peaks before Soviet invasion

The Prague Spring was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of Soviet domination that occurred after World War II. The Prague Spring reforms were a strong attempt by Dubček to grant additional rights to the citizens of Czechoslovakia in an act of partial decentralization of the economy and democratization.

Beach Boys release album "Pet Sounds"

Pet Sounds is the eleventh studio album by American rock band the Beach Boys and was produced and arranged by Brian Wilson, who also wrote and composed almost all of its music. It is widely considered to be one of the most influential albums in music history.

The Communist Party of China issues the "May 16 Notice"

The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution was a sociopolitical movement that took place in China from 1966 to 1976. Set in motion by Mao Zedong, its stated goal was to preserve 'true' Communist ideology in the country by purging the remnants of capitalism and traditional elements from Chinese society, and to re-impose Maoist thought as the dominant ideology within the Party.

Bob Dylan releases album "Blonde on Blonde"

Blonde on Blonde is the seventh studio album by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, released on Columbia Records. The album completed the trilogy of rock albums that Dylan recorded in 1965 and 1966 and critics often rank Blonde on Blonde as one of the greatest albums of all time.

Singer Janet Jackson is born

Janet Damita Jo Jackson is an American singer, songwriter, dancer, and actress. The youngest child of the Jackson family, she began her career with the variety television series The Jacksons in 1976 and went on to appear in other television shows throughout the 1970s and early 1980s, including Good Times and Fame.

Laser operated for the first time

American physicist Ted Maiman successfully tested his laser. Its core was made of synthetic ruby which other scientists seeking to make a laser felt would not work. Maiman patented the laser. However, Columbia University graduate student Gordon Gould had simultaneously completedhis own laser design, and it is not clear who was first.

Space Shuttle Endeavour lands after her maiden flight

Endeavour was the fifth and final operational space shuttle. Built as a replacement for Challenger, the primary goal of her first mission was to catch a broken Intelsat VI satellite. Success was reached on the fourth attempt when, for the first time in history, three people from the same spacecraft walked in space at the same time.


Rocky Marciano fights vs. Don Cockell for heavyweight boxing title

Rocco Francis Marchegiano, best known as Rocky Marciano, was an American professional boxer who competed from 1947 to 1955. It was in 1955 that he faced British and European Champion Don Cockell, knocking him out in the ninth round. He announced his retirement the following year at age 32, completing his career at 49–0.

Actor Pierce Brosnan is born

Brosnan was born in Drogheda, County Louth. After leaving school at 16, he decided to be a painter and began training in commercial illustration at Saint Martin's School of Art. Graduating from the Drama Centre in 1975, Brosnan began working as an acting assistant stage manager at the York Theatre Royal, making his acting debut in Wait Until Dark.

J. Georg Bednorz is born

Georg Bednorz is a German physicist who, together with K. Alex Müller, discovered high-temperature superconductivity in ceramics, for which they shared the 1987 Nobel Prize in Physics. Bednorz was born in Neuenkirchen, Germany. Bednorz obtained his master's degree from Münster in 1977 and his Ph.D. from ETH Zurich in 1982.

End of Warsaw ghetto uprising

The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising was the 1943 act of Jewish resistance that arose within the Warsaw Ghetto in German-occupied Poland during World War II, and which opposed Nazi Germany's final effort to transport the remaining Ghetto population to Treblinka. A total of 13,000 Jews died, about half of them burnt alive or suffocated.

American structural engineer Joseph Strauss dies

Joseph Strauss was an American structural engineer who revolutionized the design of bascule bridges. His greatest achievement was the Golden Gate Bridge. Strauss began his career as a draftsman and within a few years, had worked his way up to principal assistant engineer. By 1904 he had established his own Strauss Bascule Bridge Company which constructed hundreds of drawbridges around the U.S.

The Oscars are born

The first Academy Awards ceremony took place at a private dinner held at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel in Los Angeles. It was attended by 270 people and lasted 15 minutes. Awards, designed and created by Louis B. Mayer, were presented in 12 categories. It was the only Academy Awards ceremony not broadcasted on either radio or television.

Joan of Arc is canonized

Joan of Arc is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War. In the 16th century she became a symbol of the Catholic League, and in 1803 she was declared a national symbol of France by the decision of Napoleon Bonaparte. She was beatified in 1909 and canonized in 1920.

Pianist Liberace is born

Władziu Valentino Liberace was born in West Allis, Wisconsin. He began playing the piano at age four and his prodigious talent was evident from early on. By age seven, he was capable of memorizing difficult pieces. He studied the technique of the Polish pianist Ignacy Paderewski.

Antonín Dvořák's "Slavonic Dances" premieres

The Slavonic Dances are a series of 16 orchestral pieces composed by Antonín Dvořák in 1878 and 1886 and published in two sets as Op. 46 and Op. 72 respectively. Originally written for piano four hands, the Slavonic Dances were inspired by Johannes Brahms's own Hungarian Dances and were orchestrated at the request of Dvořák's publisher soon after composition. The pieces, lively and full of national character, were well received at the time and today are considered among the composer's most memorable works.

Bedřich Smetana's opera "Dalibor" premieres in Prague

Dalibor is a Czech opera in three acts. The libretto was written in German by Josef Wenzig, and translated into Czech by Ervin Špindler. It was first performed at the New Town Theatre in Prague. At the time, the opera was criticized for being overly influenced by German opera, including that of Richard Wagner.

Russian immunologist Élie Metchnikoff is born

Élie Metchnikoff was a Russian zoologist best known for his pioneering research in immunology. In particular, he is credited with the discovery of phagocytes. In 1882 he studied strange freely moving cells in the larvae of starfishes. He started to believe that they were important to the animals' immune defenses. To test his idea, Metchnikoff inserted small thorns from a tangerine tree into the larvae. After a few hours he noticed that the motile cells had surrounded the thorns.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1988

Vicky Kaushal

died 2012

Chris Kyle

born 1986

Megan Fox