Video encyclopedia

Flashback archive

The National September 11 Museum opens to the public

The National September 11 Memorial & Museum is a memorial and museum in New York City commemorating the September 11, 2001 attacks, which killed 2,977 people, and the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, which killed six. The memorial is located at the World Trade Center site.

JAXA launches the solar-sail spacecraft IKAROS

IKAROS is a Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency experimental spacecraft. The spacecraft was launched aboard an H-IIA rocket, together with the Akatsuki probe and four other small spacecraft. IKAROS is the first spacecraft to successfully demonstrate solar sail technology in interplanetary space.

U.S. explodes the first airborne hydrogen bomb over Bikini Atoll

Operation Redwing was a United States series of 17 nuclear test detonations. They were conducted at Bikini and Enewetak atolls by Joint Task Force 7. The entire operation followed Project 56 and preceded Project 57. The primary intention was to test new, second-generation thermonuclear weapons.

Amelia Earhart lands in Ireland

The first woman who flew over Atlantic encountered strong northerly winds, icy conditions, and mechanical problems. She landed at in a pasture at Culmore, north of Derry, Northern Ireland. The landing was witnessed by Cecil King and T. Sawyer. When a farm hand asked, "Have you flown far?" Earhart replied, "From America."

Charles Lindbergh lands in Paris

Lindbergh was the first man who flew over Atlantic. Doing so, he won the Orteig Prize, first offered in 1919. He used custom-built, single engine, high wing monoplane called Spirit of St. Louis. His flight took 33 hours and thirty minutes. Lindbergh navigated only by dead reckoning because he was not proficient at celestial navigation.

English fossil collector Mary Anning is born

Anning made her first significant discovery at the age of 11 when she found a complete skeleton of an Ichthyosaur, a large marine reptile from the Jurassic period. The skeleton was ten-meter-long. It created a sensation and made Mary Anning famous. Later she found the first complete Plesiosaurus, another large extinct marine reptile.

French mathematician Gaspard-Gustave de Coriolis is born

Coriolis is famous because of his discovery of a force that acts on objects that are in motion relative to a rotating reference frame. For clockwise rotation, the force acts to the left of the motion of the object, for anticlockwise rotation to the right. Coriolis was also the first to use the term "work" in a physical sense.

Anniversaries of famous