Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Marawi clash begins

The Battle of Marawi was a 5-month-long armed conflict in Marawi, Lanao del Sur, between Philippine government security forces and militants affiliated with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, including the Maute and Abu Sayyaf Salafi jihadist groups. The battle also became the longest urban battle in the modern history of the Philippines.

Egypt holds the Arab world's first competitive presidential vote

Following the second round, with a voter turnout of 52%, Egypt's election commission announced that Muslim Brotherhood candidate Mohammed Morsi had won Egypt's presidential elections. Morsi won by a narrow margin over Ahmed Shafik, the final prime minister under deposed President Hosni Mubarak.

Zara's parent Inditex debuts on stock market

Inditex had its initial public offering in 2001, on the Bolsa de Madrid. The IPO sold 26 percent of the company to public investors, the company was valued at US$8 billion. The same year, the company launched the lingerie and women's clothing store Oysho.

Giovanni Falcone is killed by the Corleonesi Mafia

Giovanni Falcone was born on 18 May 1939 in Palermo and died at the age of 53. He is known for the fight with Sicilian Mafia, who eventually killed him on the A29 motorway near the town of Capaci. He was integrated in Antimafia pool or Maxi Trial.

The Federal Republic of Germany is established

West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany in the period between its creation and German reunification. During this Cold War era, NATO-aligned West Germany and Warsaw Pact-aligned East Germany were divided by the Inner German border.

Heinrich Himmler commits suicide

Himmler was taken to the headquarters of the Second British Army in Lüneburg, where a doctor conducted a medical exam on him. The doctor attempted to examine the inside of Himmler's mouth, but the prisoner was reluctant to open it and jerked his head away. Himmler then bit into a hidden potassium cyanide pill and collapsed onto the floor.

Bonnie and Clyde are ambushed by police and killed

Bonnie Elizabeth Parker and Clyde Chestnut Barrow were American criminals who traveled the central United States with their gang during the Great Depression, robbing people and killing when cornered or confronted. The couple was eventually ambushed and killed by law officers near Sailes, Bienville Parish, Louisiana.

Walt Disney incorporates his first film company Laugh-O-Gram Films

The studio played a role in the early years of animation: it was home to many of the pioneers of animation, brought there by Walt Disney, and is said to be the place to have provided Disney and Ub Iwerks with the inspiration to create Mickey Mouse. Laugh-O-Gram was the subject of two feature films: As Dreamers Do and Walt Before Mickey.

The Second Defenestration of Prague

Two Regents and their secretary were defenestrated, but they survived the 70-foot fall from the third floor. Catholics maintained the men were saved by angels or by the intercession of the Virgin Mary, who caught them; later Protestant pamphleteers asserted that they survived due to falling onto a dung heap.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous