Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

New data protection rules take force in EU under GDPR regulation

GDPR is a regulation in EU law on data protection and privacy for all individuals within the EU and the European Economic Area. It also addresses the export of personal data outside the EU and EEA.

Irish votes to repeal abortion ban

The 36th Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland permits the Oireachtas to legislate for abortion. It took effect once signed into law by the President on 18 September 2018. The constitution had previously prohibited abortion unless there was a serious risk to the life of the mother.

'Wonder Woman' premieres in Los Angeles

Wonder Woman is an American superhero movie based on the DC Comics character of the same name, distributed by Warner Bros. Wonder Woman premiered in Shanghai and was released in the US in June, 2017, in 2D, 3D and IMAX 3D. It received largely positive reviews from critics, with praise for its performances.

Cirque du Soleil's 'Paramour' opens on Broadway

Paramour was Cirque du Soleil's first resident musical theatre show at the Lyric Theatre on Broadway, New York City. Paramour was themed to the "Golden age of Hollywood" and followed the life of "a poet who is forced to choose between love and art".

Dragon C2+

Unmanned Dragon spacecraft operated by the SpaceX company successfully reached the International Space Station and offloaded its cargo for the first time. The cargo included food, water, clothing, computer hardware, the NanoRacks Module 9 and other miscellaneous stuff.

'The Oprah Winfrey Show' airs its final broadcast

The Oprah Winfrey Show, is an American syndicated talk show that aired nationally for 25 seasons. The 25th-season premiere included flashbacks from the last 25 years, and included various audience members and their experiences watching the show. There was also a segment on how they chose some of the 300 people who were in the audience.

Enron bosses are founded guilty of fraud and conspiracy

The Enron scandal was a financial scandal that eventually led to the bankruptcy of the Enron Corporation, an American energy company based in Houston, Texas, and the dissolution of Arthur Andersen, which was one of the five largest audit and accountancy partnerships in the world.


Liverpool overcome a 3-0 halftime deficit against AC Milan to win

The competition was won by Liverpool, who beat Milan on penalties in the final, having come back from 3–0 down at half-time. Liverpool captain Steven Gerrard was named as UEFA's Footballer of the Year for his key role in the final and throughout the Champions League season. The final, played is often regarded as one of the best in the history.

Carrie Underwood won the fourth season of 'American Idol'

Carrie Underwood won the season with approximately 500 million votes cast in the season and 37 million for the finale. Underwood has since gone on to become a seven-time Grammy-winning country megastar.

The deadliest crash in Taiwanese history

China Airlines Flight 611 was a regularly scheduled passenger flight from Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taiwan to Hong Kong International Airport in Hong Kong. The Boeing 747-209B operating the route disintegrated in mid-air and crashed into the Taiwan Strait 23 nautical 20 minutes after takeoff, killing all 225 people on board.

Latvia wins in only their third Eurovision participation

The 47th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest took place in Tallinn, Estonia. The Contest was won by Latvia, represented by Marie N with the song "I Wanna", which scored a total of 176 points, beating the runner-up Malta by a tight margin of 12 points.


The first blind person reaches the summit of Mount Everest

Erik Weihenmayer is an American athlete, adventurer, author, activist and motivational speaker, and the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest, in May 2001. For this feat, he was honored with a Time Magazine cover story. He also completed the Seven Summits in September 2002.

American inventor Malcom McLean dies

McLean is often called the man who started globalization. He developed the intermodal shipping container. It can be easily transferred from one mode of transport to another – for example from ship to train and then from the train to truck. Thanks to McLean’s containers everybody around the world can order anything relatively cheaply.

Israeli troops pulled out of Lebanon after 18-year occupation

In July 1999, Ehud Barak became Israel's Prime Minister, promising Israel would withdraw the international border by July 2000. Many believed that Israel would only withdraw from South Lebanon upon reaching an agreement with Syria. The Israeli pullout resulted in the collapse of the SLA and the rapid advance of Hezbollah forces into the area.


Jan Železný sets the world record in the javelin throw

Jan Železný is a retired Czech track and field athlete who competed in the javelin throw. He was a World and Olympic Champion and holds the world record with a throw of 98.48 m. Widely considered to be the greatest javelin thrower of the modern era, he also has the second, third and fourth best performances of all time.


Mark Messier makes public "guarantee" to the press

Down 3–2 in the 1994 Eastern Conference Finals against the rival New Jersey Devils, Messier confronted the New York media and publicly guaranteed a Game 6 victory. With fans and players on both sides reading the news headline, it then became a feat comparable to Babe Ruth's called shot and Joe Namath's Super Bowl III guarantee.


Ronaldo makes his debut for Brazilian side Cruzeiro

In 1993, Ronaldo began his football career playing for Cruzeiro. Aged 16, he made his professional debut in May 1993 against Caldense in the Minas Gerais State Championship. Ronaldo came to national public attention in November 1993, scoring five goals in the game against Bahia.

Jay Leno debuts as host of NBC's 'Tonight Show'

Jay Leno substituted Johny Carson, on The Tonight Show, even though it was expected by everyone - including Carson - that David Letterman, who had been hosting Late Night with David Letterman since 1982, will be the successor. The story of this turbulent transition was later turned into a book and a movie.

7 million people made "Hands Across America" human chain

Hands Across America was a benefit event and publicity campaign in which approximately 6.5 million people held hands in a human chain for fifteen minutes along a path across the contiguous United States. Hands Across America raised $34 million. According to the New York Times, only about $15 million was distributed after deducting operating costs.

'Return of the Jedi' premieres in the US

Return of the Jedi is a 1983 American epic space opera movie directed by Richard Marquand. At the time of its release, the movie was advertised on posters and merchandise as simply Star Wars: Return of the Jedi, despite its on-screen "Episode VI" distinction. The original movie was later re-released to theaters in 1985.

'Alien' premieres in the US

Alien is a sci-fi horror movie. The movie's title refers to a highly aggressive creature that stalks and attacks the crew of a spaceship. The movie had no formal premiere, yet moviegoers lined up for blocks to see it at Grauman's Egyptian Theatre in Hollywood where a number of models and props were displayed outside to promote it during its 1st run.

American Airlines Flight 191 crashes during take-off

American Airlines Flight 191 was a regularly scheduled passenger flight operated by American Airlines from Chicago's O'Hare International Airport to Los Angeles International Airport. The McDonnell Douglas DC-10-10 operating this flight crashed just moments after takeoff from Chicago. All 258 passengers and 13 crew on board were killed.

American murderer John Spenkelink is executed

John Arthur Spenkelink was a convicted American murderer. He was executed under controversial circumstances in 1979, the first convicted criminal to be executed in Florida after capital punishment was reinstated in 1976, and the second, after Gary Gilmore, in the United States.

'A New Hope' premieres in the US

A New Hope is epic space opera movie written and directed by George Lucas. Adjusted for inflation, it earned $3.132 billion worldwide, becoming one of the highest-grossing films of all time, even though the film was released in fewer than 32 theaters on this day.

Skylab 2

Skylab 2 was the first manned mission to Skylab, the first U.S. orbital space station. The mission was launched on a Saturn IB rocket and carried a three-person crew to the station. The name Skylab 2 also refers to the vehicle used for that mission. The Skylab 2 mission established a twenty-eight-day record for human spaceflight duration. Furthermore, its crew were the first space station occupants ever to return safely to Earth – the only previous space station occupants, the crew of the 1971 Soyuz 11 mission that had manned the Salyut 1 station for twenty-four days, were killed during reentry.


Muhammad Ali KOs Sonny Liston in 1 round

Muhammad Ali and Richard Dunn fought a boxing match in May 1976. Ali won the bout by knocking out Dunn in the fifth round. The fight is remembered for being the very last time Ali would knock down any opponent in the ring in his boxing career.

U.S. President J. F. Kennedy announces the Apollo program

U.S. President John F. Kennedy announces before a special joint session of the Congress his goal to initiate a project of "landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth" before the end of the decade. Kennedy's goal was accomplished on the Apollo 11 mission by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin.

US conducts its first and only nuclear artillery test

The M65 atomic cannon was tested at the Nevada Test Site as part of the Upshot–Knothole series of nuclear tests. The test—codenamed "Grable"—was attended by the Chairman-delegate of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral Arthur W. Radford and United States Secretary of Defense Charles Erwin Wilson.


Willie Mays makes his major league debut with the New York Giant

Mays began his major league career on a sour note, with no hits in his first 12 at-bats. On his 13th at-bat, however, he hit a towering home run. Mays' batting average improved steadily throughout the rest of the season and lead to winning the 1951 Rookie of the Year Award.


Jesse Owens of Ohio State University becomes a national celebrity

James Owens was an American track and field athlete and four-time Olympic gold medalist in the 1936 Games. Owens specialized in the sprints and the long jump and was recognized. His achievement of setting 3 world records and tying another in less than an hour at the 1935 Big Ten track has been called "the greatest 45 minutes ever in sport".

Goofy first appears in 'Mickey's Revue'

Mickey's Revue is a 1932 Walt Disney cartoon, directed by Wilfred Jackson. This cartoon introduced Goofy anonyously as a member of the audience. He constantly irritated his fellow spectators by noisily crunching peanuts and laughing loudly, until two spectators knocked him out with their mallets.

Russian-American aviation pioneer Igor Sikorsky is born

Sikorski originated from Russia. After the Bolshevik revolution, he fled to the United States. His achievements in aircraft design are not few. Sikorski designed the first aircraft with more than one engine: four-engine Russky Vityaz. Later he constructed and flew first usable American helicopter, Vought-Sikorsky VS-300.

Gilbert & Sullivan's opera 'H.M.S. Pinafore' premieres in London

H.M.S. Pinafore is a comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and a libretto by W. S. Gilbert. It opened at the Opera Comique in London and ran for 571 performances, which was the 2nd longest run of any musical theatre piece up to that time. H.M.S. Pinafore was Gilbert and Sullivan's fourth operatic collaboration.

Constitutional Convention began in Philadelphia

The Constitutional Convention took place in the old Pennsylvania State House in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The intention from the outset of many of its proponents, chief among them James Madison of Virginia and Alexander Hamilton of New York, was to create a new government rather than fix the existing one.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1982

Esmé Bianco

born 1958

Paul Weller

born 1939

Ian McKellen