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Flashback calendar

Venice opens 16th International Architecture Biennale

Mostra di Architettura di Venezia provides an opportunity for architects and designers to showcase new projects, arranged in different pavilions, each with different themes. The Biennale is currently held in the Giardini and the Arsenale, and around other venues in Venice.


Champions League final in Kiev

The 2018 UEFA Champions League Final will be the final match between Spanish team Real Madrid and English team Liverpool. It will be the 63rd season of Europe's premier club football tournament organized by UEFA, and the 26th season since it was renamed from the European Champion Clubs' Cup to the UEFA Champions League. The game will be held at the NSC Olimpiyskiy Stadium in Kiev, Ukraine.

South Africa approves land expropriation bill

South Africa’s parliament has approved a bill allowing state expropriations of land to redress racial disparities in land ownership. The bill enables the state to pay for the land at a value determined by a government adjudicator and then expropriate it for the “public interest”, ending the willing-buyer, willing-seller approach to land reform.

Baku hosts the 57th Eurovision Song Contest

The 57th Eurovision Song Contest was held at the Baku Crystal Hall in Baku, Azerbaijan. It was the first time Azerbaijan hosted the contest. Loreen, who sang 'Euphoria', was that year's winner and represented Sweden. Russia finished in second place, with Serbia finishing in third.

Google Wallet is released

Or Google Pay Send is a peer-to-peer payments service developed by Google that allows people to send and receive money from a mobile device or desktop computer at no cost to either sender or receiver. The app is available for Android devices running Android 4.0 and above, and for iOS devices running iOS 7.0 and above. Since 2018 Android Pay and Google Wallet has unified into a single pay system called Google Pay.

Bosnian Serb general Ratko Mladic is arrested after a 16-year manhunt

Ratko Mladić found guilty of committing war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. He was arrested in Lazarevo, Serbia. His capture was considered to be one of the pre-conditions for Serbia being awarded candidate status for EU membership.


The 12th UEFA Champions League Final

The 2004 UEFA Champions League Final was a football match between Monaco and FC Porto, held at the Arena AufSchalke in Gelsenkirchen, Germany. Portugal's Porto won the match 3–0, with Carlos Alberto, a man of the match Deco, and Dmitri Alenichev scoring the goals. Rising manager star Jose Mourinho left the team for Chelsea after the final.

Eminem releases album 'The Eminem Show'

'The Eminem Show' is the fourth studio album by Eminem. It reached number one in nineteen countries and was the best-selling album of 2002 in the United States, with 7,600,000 copies sold. At the 2003 Grammy Awards, it became Eminem's third album in four years to win the award for Best Rap Album

I-40 bridge disaster

Joe Dedmon, captain of the towboat Robert Y. Love, experienced a fainting spell and lost control of the tow. This, in turn, caused the barges he was controlling to collide with a bridge pier. The result was a 580-foot section of the Interstate 40 bridge plunging into Robert S. Kerr Reservoir on the Arkansas River.


"The Bill Russell Tribute" is held at the FleetCenter in Boston

Russell is widely considered one of the best players in NBA history. He is one of only seven players in history to win an NCAA Championship, an NBA Championship, and an Olympic gold medal. In his honor, the NBA players are awarded the Bill Russell NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award since 2009.


The 7th UEFA Champions League Final

The 1999 UEFA Champions League Final was a football match between Manchester United and Bayern Munich, played at Camp Nou in Barcelona. United won the game 2-1 and completed a treble-winning season after they had won the Premier League and FA Cup. Bayern also played for a treble, having won the Bundesliga and reached the DFB-Pokal final, but lost that match.

Michael Jackson marries Lisa Marie Presley

Following several months engaged, Jackson and Presley wed at a ceremony in the Dominican Republic. Presley had divorced Keough only 20 days before. At the time of their marriage, the press and public were unaware that the two even knew each other.


The first UEFA Champions League Final

The final match between Marseille and AC Milan was held at the Olympiastadion in Munich. The fans saw only one goal in the 43rd minutes by Marseille defender Basile Boli with a header. It was the first time when French team had won the European Cup. Marseille and club president Bernard Tapie would later be found to have been involved in a match-fixing scandal during the 1992–93 season.


Carlos Martinez famously hits a ball off Jose Canseco's head for a home run

During a game against the Cleveland Indians, Carlos Martínez hit a fly ball that Canseco lost in the lights as he was crossing the warning track. The ball hit him in the head and bounced over the wall for a home run. The cap Jose was wearing on that play, which This Week in Baseball rated in 1998 as the greatest blooper of the show's first 21 years, is in the Seth Swirsky collection. After the incident, the Harrisburg Heat offered him a soccer contract.

Lauda Air Flight 004 flight

The flight was between Bangkok and Vienna. The thrust reverser on the No.1 engine of the Boeing 767-300ER operating the flight deployed in flight without being commanded, causing the aircraft to spiral out of control, break up, and crash, killing all 213 passengers and the 10 crew members on board.


Rick Mears wins his fourth Indy 500

It was the 75th Indianapolis 500, held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana when Rick Mears won the race from the pole position, becoming the third four-time winner of the Indy 500. During time trials, Mears also established an Indy record by winning his sixth pole position.

The European Community adopts the European flag

European Council approved a proposal from the Committee on a People’s Europe in favor of the flag and adopted it. Following the permission of the Council of Europe, the Communities began to use it, with the flag being raised outside the Berlaymont building in Brussels, Belgium.


Danny Sullivan wins the Indy 500

It was the 69th Indianapolis 500, held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana. In one of the most dramatic moments in Indy 500 history, Danny Sullivan after the losing control of his car made a comeback and re-pass Andretti for the lead. Sullivan led the final 61 laps and scored his first and only Indy victory.

'E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial' premieres at Cannes Film Festival

Steven Spielberg co-produced and directed 'E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial'. The concept was based on his imaginary friend created after his parents' divorce in 1960. E.T. was an immediate blockbuster. It opened at number one with a gross of $11 million and stayed at the top of the box office for six weeks.

Atlantic City opens the first legal casino

In an effort at revitalizing the city, New Jersey voters in 1976 passed a referendum, approving casino gambling for Atlantic City. In 1978, It became the first legal casino in the eastern United States and helped eliminate many of the urban problems that plagued Atlantic City. By end of the decade, it was one of the most popular tourist destinations in the United States.


Joe Frazier fights vs. Ron Stander for heavyweight boxing title

It was the fight for heavyweight boxing title, held in Civic Auditorium, Omaha, Nebraska. Frazier was a 10 to 1 favorite and confirmed the prediction. He won the fight by the fifth-round technical knockout when ring doctor stopped the fight after the fourth round. Stander required 32 stitches after the fight.

Nixon and Brezhnev sign Anti-Balistic Missile Treaty

ABM Treaty was an arms control treaty between the US and the USSR on the limitation of the anti-ballistic missile systems used in defending areas against ballistic missile-delivered nuclear weapons. In June 2002 the United States withdrew from the treaty, leading to its termination.

Apollo 10 returns to Earth

Apollo 10 was the fourth manned mission in the US Apollo space program, and the second to orbit the Moon. Splashdown occurred in the Pacific Ocean at 16:52:23 UTC, about 400 nautical miles east of American Samoa. Apollo 10 set the record for the highest speed attained by a manned vehicle: 39,897 km/h during the return from the Moon.

The Beatles release 'Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band' in the UK

Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band is their eighth studio album. It spent 27 weeks at number one on the UK Albums Chart and 15 weeks at number one in the US. It won four Grammy Awards in 1968, including Album of the Year, the first rock LP to receive this honor.

'Fade Out - Fade In' opens on Broadway

Fade Out – Fade In is a musical with a book and lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green and music by Jule Styne. The story involves the movie industry in the 1930s. It starred Carol Burnett, returning to the Broadway stage for the first time in four years.

The first U.S. nuclear power plant opens

Shippingport Atomic Power Station was the first full-scale atomic electric power plant devoted exclusively to peacetime uses. It was located near the present-day Beaver Valley Nuclear Generating Station on the Ohio River in Beaver County, Pennsylvania. The power plant worked until October 1982. The first electrical power was produced on December 18, 1957.

Khufu's Boat is discovered

Coptic-Egyptian archaeologist Kamal el-Mallakh discovered a boat sealed into a pit at the foot of the Great Pyramid in the Giza pyramid complex. The boat was buried around 2500 BC. It was a part of the extensive grave goods for pharaoh Khufu (King Cheops). They were intended for use in the afterlife.

The Battle of Gazala takes place

The Battle of Gazala was fought during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War, west of the port of Tobruk in Libya, in 1942. Axis troops of the Panzerarmee Afrika consisted of German and Italian units. Allied forces were mainly British, Indian, South African and Free French.

Last Ford Model T is rolling off the assembly line

Production of the first affordable automobile ended after 19 years. Around 15 million Model T (also known as the Tin Lizzie, Leaping Lena, or flivver) vehicles had been built. Henry Ford with his son Edsel, then president of the Ford Motor Company, drove the last car to the Dearborn Engineering Laboratory.


The first 24 Hours of Le Mans takes place

24 Hours of Le Mans is the world's oldest active sports car race in endurance racing. The race is held annually since 1923 near the town Le Manse. The winner of the firts race is a team Chenard-Walcker with drivers André Lagache and René Léonard. At the end of the race third place overall finisher Paul Gros left his Bignan and crossed the circuit to shake his hand of a friend, when he was struck by the car of second-place Raoul Bachmann. He suffered a broken arm and bruises.

'Dracula' by Bram Stoker is published

The Gothic horror novel introduced Count Dracula and established many conventions of subsequent vampire fantasy. Dracula was not an immediate bestseller when it was first published, although reviewers were unstinting in their praise. The novel has spawned numerous theatrical, film, and television interpretations.

The Dow Jones stock index is first published

The Dow Jones stock index is a stock market index that shows how 30 large, publicly owned companies based in the United States have traded during a standard trading session in the stock market. The value of the Dow is not a weighted arithmetic mean and does not represent market capitalization, rather the sum of the price of one share of stock for each component company.

Nicholas II becomes the last Tsar of Imperial Russia

Nicholas II or Nikolai II, known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer in the Russian Orthodox Church, was the last Emperor of Russia, ruling from 1894 until his forced abdication in 1917. His reign saw the fall of the Russian Empire from one of the foremost great powers of the world to economic and military collapse.

Dred Scott is emancipated

Following the ruling, Calvin C. Chaffee deeded the Scott family to Taylor Blow, who manumitted them in 1857. Scott worked as a porter in a St. Louis hotel, but his freedom was short-lived; he died from tuberculosis in 1857. He was survived by his wife and his two daughters.

Alse Young becomes the first person executed as a witch in America

Alse Young of Windsor, Connecticut, sometimes Achsah Young or Alice Young, was the first recorded instance of the execution for witchcraft in the thirteen American colonies. Very little is recorded of Alice 'Alse' Young, her existence is only known through her reputation as a witch.

English monk Bede the Venerable dies

His writings established the use of BC and AD with dates. Bede applied his knowledge of astronomy for calculating the correct date for Easter and found an error in the Julian calendar. Bede also described how the seasonal motion of the Sun and Moon influences the changes of the tides. He made a new calculation of the age of the world since the creation as well.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous