Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Harambe is killed

A three-year-old boy climbed into a gorilla enclosure at the Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden and was grabbed and dragged by Harambe, a 17-year-old Western lowland gorilla. Fearing for the boy's life, a zoo worker shot and killed Harambe. The incident was recorded on video and received broad international coverage and commentary.

Jim Parsons stars in 'An Act of God'

An Act of God is a play by David Javerbaum. The stage play is adapted from Javerbaum's The Last Testament: A Memoir By God. Jim Parsons starred as God in the production directed by Joe Mantello and produced by Jeffrey Finn. The play featured Tim Kazurinsky as archangel Gabriel, and Christopher Fitzgerald as archangel Michael.

Apple buys headphone maker Beats for $3bn

Beats Electronics LLC is a division of Apple Inc. that produces audio products. Headquartered in Culver City, California, U.S., the company was founded by music producer and rapper Dr. Dre and Interscope Records co-founder Jimmy Iovine. Apple Inc. acquired Beats for US $3 billion in a cash and stock deal, the largest acquisition in Apple's history.

Author Maya Angelou dies

Maya Angelou born Marguerite Annie Johnson was an American poet, singer, memoirist, and civil rights activist. She died in 2014. Although Angelou had reportedly been in poor health and had canceled recent scheduled appearances, she was working on another book, an autobiography about her experiences with national and world leaders.


The 19th UEFA Champions League Final

The final was contested by Barcelona of Spain and Manchester United of England, the same teams which contested the 2009 final held in Rome which Barcelona won 2–0. The referee for the match was Viktor Kassai from Hungary. The venue, the new Wembley Stadium, hosted its first European Cup final, having opened in 2007.

Jnaneswari express derailment

The Jnaneswari Express derailment occurred in the West Midnapore district of West Bengal, India. It was disputed as to whether sabotage or a bomb caused damage on the railway track, which in turn led to a train's derailment before an oncoming goods train hit the loose carriages resulting in the deaths of at least 141 passengers.

Alicia Keys releases 'Un-Thinkable (I'm Ready)'

"Un-Thinkable (I'm Ready)" is a song by American singer-songwriter Alicia Keys from her fourth studio album The Element of Freedom. It was initially scheduled to be the fifth single, but it was released as the 4th single. It was her first single to reach number one on the R&B chart in the United States since 2007's "Like You'll Never See Me Again".

Ahmadiyya mosques massacre

Lahore Massacre occurred in 2010, in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, during Friday prayers. 94 people were killed and more than 120 were injured in nearly simultaneous attacks against two mosques of the minority Ahmadiyya Community. Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, as well as their Punjab wing, claimed responsibility for the attacks.


Czech star Karel Poborský plays his final game

Karel Poborský is a retired Czech professional footballer who played as a right winger. He was most noted for his technical ability. He began and finished his club career at České Budějovice, also winning Czech First League titles at the two largest clubs in Prague, Slavia and Sparta.


The 11th UEFA Champions League Final

The 2003 UEFA Champions League Final was a football match that took place at Old Trafford in Manchester, England, to decide the winner of the 2002–03 UEFA Champions League. The match was contested by two Italian teams: Juventus and Milan. The match made history as it was the first time two clubs from Italy had faced each other in the final.


Patrick Roy officially announces his retirement from the NHL

Patrick Jacques Roy is a Canadian former professional ice hockey goaltender and the former head coach and vice-president of hockey operations for the Colorado Avalanche of the NHL. Roy's final game was played against the Minnesota Wild in 2003, in a Game 7 overtime loss in the first round of the 2003 playoffs.

Mars Odyssey finds signs of large ice deposits on the planet Mars

Thousands of images returned from Odyssey orbiter also support the idea that Mars once had great amounts of water flowing across its surface. Some images show patterns of branching valleys; others show layers that may have been formed under lakes; even river and lake deltas have been identified.

Leonardo da Vinci's masterpiece 'The Last Supper' is put back on display

Restoration of the painting took 21 years and, in 1999, the painting was returned to display. Intending visitors were required to book ahead and could only stay for 15 minutes. When it was unveiled, considerable controversy was aroused by the dramatic changes in colors, tones, and even some facial shapes.

World fury at Pakistan's nuclear tests

Chagai-I is the code name of five simultaneous underground nuclear tests conducted by Pakistan in May 1998. The tests were performed at Ras Koh Hills in the Chagai District of Balochistan Province. Chagai-I was Pakistan's first public test of nuclear weapons.


The 5th UEFA Champions League Final

The 1997 UEFA Champions League Final was a football match played at the Olympiastadion in Munich to determine the winner of the 1996–97 UEFA Champions League. The match was contested by Borussia Dortmund of Germany and Juventus of Italy. Borussia Dortmund won 3–1 with goals from Karl-Heinz Riedle and Lars Ricken.

'Super Mario Bros' premieres in the United States

Super Mario Bros. is a 1993 American fantasy adventure film based on the Japanese video game series of the same name created by Nintendo. It was directed by Rocky Morton and Annabel Jankel, written by Parker Bennett, Terry Runté, and Ed Solomon, and distributed by Walt Disney Studios through Hollywood Pictures.

German 18-year old pilot is detained in Moscow

Mathias Rust is a German aviator known for his illegal landing near Red Square in Moscow in 1987. Rust flew from Helsinki, Finland, to Moscow, being tracked several times by Soviet air defense and interceptors. The Soviet fighters never received permission to shoot him down, and several times he was mistaken for a friendly aircraft.


Larry Bird wins his third consecutive Maurice Podoloff Trophy as the MVP

Bird was a 12-time NBA All-Star and was named the league's Most Valuable Player three consecutive times. He played his entire professional career for Boston. He is the only person in NBA history to be named MVP, Coach of the Year, and Executive of the Year.

Reagan leads a funeral at Arlington for unknown soldier killed in Vietnam

Many Vietnam veterans and President Ronald Reagan visited the Vietnam Unknown in the U.S. Capitol. An Army caisson carried the Vietnam Unknown from the Capitol to the Memorial Amphitheater at Arlington National Cemetery on Memorial Day.

'Flashdance...What A Feeling' single goes #1 on the US charts

"Flashdance... What a Feeling" is a song from the 1983 film Flashdance, written by Italian composer Giorgio Moroder, Keith Forsey, and Irene Cara, and performed by Cara. It earned a platinum record, the Academy Award for Best Original Song, the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song, and the Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance.

EC countries sign a treaty of accession with Greece

In 1979 the accession of Greece in the European Communities and the single market was signed, and the process was completed in 1982. Greece was accepted into the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union in 2000, and in 2001 adopted the Euro as its currency, replacing the Greek drachma.

'The Magic Show' opens on Broadway

The Magic Show is a one-act musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz and a book by Bob Randall. It starred magician Doug Henning. Produced by Edgar Lansbury, it opened in 1974 at the Cort Theatre in Manhattan, and ran for 1,920 performances, closing in 1978.

'When A Man Loves A Woman' single goes #1 on the US charts

Percy Sledge's song "When a Man Loves a Woman" reached number one on both the Billboard Hot 100 and R&B singles charts, becoming the first #1 hit recorded in Muscle Shoals. It was also a top ten hit in the UK reaching #4 on its initial release and ultimately peaking at #2 in 1987 on the UK Singles Chart after it was featured in a Levi's Jeans commercial.


Dodgers and Giants receive permission to switch their bases

The National League's Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants played their final seasons as New York City-based franchises before their moves to California for the 1958 season, leaving New York without a National League team until the birth of the Mets in 1962.

'Me and Juliet' opens on Broadway

Me and Juliet is a musical comedy by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II and their sixth stage collaboration. The work tells a story of romance backstage at a long-running musical: assistant stage manager Larry woos chorus girl Jeanie behind the back of her electrician boyfriend, Bob.

The Battle of Belgium ends

Battle of Belgium took place over 18 days in May 1940 and ended with the German occupation of Belgium following the surrender of the Belgian Army. The occupation ended in 1944 when it was liberated by the Western Allies.

Irving Berlin's musical 'Louisiana Purchase' premieres in NYC

Musical with music and lyrics by Irving Berlin and story and production by B. G. DeSylva lightly satirizes Louisiana Governor Huey Long and his control over Louisiana politics. The show opened at the Shubert Brothers' Imperial Theatre, New York and ran for 444 performances.

Volkswagen is founded

Volkswagen was founded by the German Labour Front and is headquartered in Wolfsburg. It is the flagship marque of the Volkswagen Group, the largest automaker by worldwide sales in 2016. Volkswagen is German for "people's car", and the company's current international advertising slogan is just "Volkswagen".

Alan Turing submits his most important article for publication

The paper was called On computable numbers, with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem. It contained definition of the Turing machine, which started the development of modern computers. The article also proved undecidability of two very important computer science problems: the halting problem and Entscheidungsproblem.

Novelist Ian Fleming is born

Fleming is English author, journalist and naval intelligence officer who is best known for his James Bond series of spy novels. During World War II, Fleming formed a unit of British Commandos. In 2008, The Times ranked Fleming 14th on its list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945".

Michelin is founded

Michelin is a French tire manufacturer based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France. It is the second largest tire manufacturer in the world after Bridgestone and larger than both Goodyear and Continental. In addition to the Michelin brand, it also owns the BFGoodrich, Kleber, Tigar, Riken, Kormoran and Uniroyal tire brands.

The Eclipse of Thales

It is the earliest eclipse recorded as being known in advance of its occurrence. How exactly Thales predicted the eclipse remains uncertain. The eclipse was interpreted as an omen and interrupted a battle in a long-standing war between the Medes and the Lydians. The fighting immediately stopped, and they agreed to a truce.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1999

Cameron Boyce

died 1972

Edward VIII

born 2000

Phil Foden