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"Beren and Lúthien" by J. R. R. Tolkien is published

The tale of Beren and Lúthien, told in several works by J. R. R. Tolkien, is the story of the love and adventures of the mortal Man Beren and the immortal Elf-maiden Lúthien. Tolkien wrote several versions of their story, the latest in The Silmarillion, and the tale is also mentioned in The Lord of the Rings.

Donald Trump withdrew from the Paris climate accord

U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the U.S. would cease all participation in the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change mitigation. During the presidential campaign, Trump had pledged to withdraw from the pact, saying a withdrawal would help American businesses and workers.

The deepest traffic tunnel is opened

The Gotthard Base Tunnel is a railway tunnel through the Alps in Switzerland. With a route length of 57.09 km, it is the world's longest railway and deepest traffic tunnel and the first flat, low-level route through the Alps.

Sinking of Dongfang zhi Xing

MV Dongfang zhi Xing was a river cruise ship that operated in the Three Gorges region of inland China. In 2015, the ship was traveling on the Yangtze River in Jianli, Hubei Province with 454 people on board when it capsized in a severe thunderstorm. 442 deaths were confirmed, with 12 rescued.

"Gangnam Style" becomes the first video to reach 2 billion views

The music video of "Gangnam Style" was directed by Cho Soo-hyun. In 2012, the music video was the first to hit 1 billion views on the video-sharing website YouTube and in 2014 the video had surpassed 2 billion views. By 2018, the number of views have grown to 3.1 billion.

2012

Johan Santana pitches a no-hitter against the St. Louis Cardinals

New York Mets pitcher Johan Santana threw the first no-hitter in the franchise's history Friday night in an 8-0 win over the St. Louis Cardinals. But he didn't have his best stuff early on that evening. It was the first no-hitter in the Mets 51-season history that has included 8,020 games.

New England tornado outbreak

In 2011, seven tornadoes appeared in Massachusetts' Connecticut River Valley and southern Maine, destroying large sections of Springfield, Massachusetts and its surrounding region, killing three people, injuring 300 in Springfield alone, and leaving at least 500 people homeless.

"Much Ado About Nothing" opens at the West End's Wyndham's Theatre

Much Ado About Nothing is a comedy by William Shakespeare thought to have been written in 1598 and 1599, as Shakespeare was approaching the middle of his career. The play was included in the First Folio, published in 1623.

The Sims 3: Ambitions is released

The Sims 3: Ambitions is the second expansion pack for the strategic life simulation computer game The Sims 3. It was released in 2010. The Sims 3: Ambitions introduces new career opportunities and control mechanisms into gameplay. Manipulation of Sims' career progressions, actions, and interactions during their working are feasible.

GM goes bankrupt

The 2009 GM Chapter 11 sale of the assets of automobile manufacturer GM and some of its subsidiaries was implemented through Chapter 11, Title 11, U.S. Code in the U.S. bankruptcy court for the Southern District of New York. The U.S. government-endorsed sale enabled the NGMCO Inc. to purchase the continuing operational assets of the old GM.

Air France Flight 447

Air France Flight 447 was a scheduled international passenger flight from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to Paris, France, which crashed. The Airbus A330, operated by Air France, stalled and did not recover, eventually crashing into the Atlantic Ocean at 02:14 UTC, killing all 228 passengers and crew on board.

2007

England and Brazil play at the newly rebuilt Wembley Stadium

The old Wembley shut its doors for the final time in October 2000 and since then the England team has been on a tour of the nation. England national team played its first game at their new home against Brazil in a friendly match. For home team scored captain John Terry. But in stoppage-time, Gilberto Silva supplied the cross from which Diego Ribas headed the equalizer to thwart the Three Lions.

"Dancing with the Stars" first airs on ABC

The first season of Dancing with the Stars (U.S.) debuted on ABC in 2005. Six celebrities were paired with six professional ballroom dancers. Tom Bergeron and Lisa Canning were the hosts for this season. The judges were Carrie Ann Inaba, Len Goodman, and Bruno Tonioli. The celebrity winner was Kelly Monaco with her professional dancer Alec Mazo.

Crazy Frog is at #1 on the UK singles chart with "Axel F"

Released across Europe in 2005, "Axel F" topped the charts in the United Kingdom, with some of the best weekly sales of the year, outselling rivals such as Coldplay by four copies to one, and remained at top of the UK Singles Chart for four weeks and becoming Britain's third best-selling single of 2005.

Dolphinarium massacre

The Dolphinarium discotheque massacre was a Hamas terror attack on 1 June 2001 in which a Hamas-affiliated Islamist terrorist blew himself up outside a nightclub on the beachfront in Tel Aviv, Israel, killing 21 Israelis, 16 of them teenagers. The majority of the victims were Israeli teenage girls, whose families had recently immigrated from the former Soviet Union.

Congress certifies George W. Bush winner of 2000 elections

After a sharply arguable election, Vice President Al Gore presides over a joint session of Congress that certifies George W. Bush of Texas, the Republican nominee, as the winner of the 2000 election. George W. Bush was finally declared the winner more than five weeks after balloting ended.

Nepal royal family is massacred

The Nepalese Royal Massacre occurred at a house on the grounds of the Narayanhity Royal Palace, the residence of the Nepalese monarchy. Ten members of the family were killed during a party or monthly reunion dinner of the royal family in the house. The dead included King Birendra of Nepal and Queen Aishwarya.

Dido releases album "No Angel"

No Angel is the debut studio album by British singer-songwriter Dido. Originally released in 1999 in the U.S., the album found a mass audience when it was released worldwide in 2001. As of 2014, the album has sold more than 22 million copies worldwide, and was the 2nd best-selling album of the 2000s in the UK, behind James Blunt's Back to Bedlam.

Blink-182 release album "Enema of the State"

Enema of the State is the third studio album by American rock band Blink-182. It was released by MCA Records. Enema was the band's first album to feature second drummer Travis Barker, who replaced original drummer Scott Raynor. Producer Finn was key in creating pop punk with a friendly and accessible refinement.

The European Central Bank is founded in Brussels

The ECB formally replaced the EMI in 1998 by virtue of the Treaty on European Union, however it did not exercise its full powers until the introduction of the euro, signalling the third stage of EMU. The bank was the final institution needed for EMU, as outlined by the EMU reports of Pierre Werner and President Jacques Delors.

Gabaldon's "Outlander" is published

Outlander, published in the United Kingdom as Cross Stitch, is the first in a series of eight historical multi-genre novels by Diana Gabaldon. Published in 1991, it focuses on the Second World War era nurse Claire Randall, who travels through time to 18th century Scotland and finds adventure and romance with the dashing Jamie Fraser.

Bush and Gorbachev sign the Chemical Weapons Accord

At a history superpowers summit meeting in Washington, D.C., U.S. President George H.W. Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev signed a deal agreeing that each country would stop producing chemical weapons and begin destroying 80 percent of their extensive chemical weapons reserves.

CNN made its debut

The world’s an American basic cable and first 24-hour television news coverage channel, makes its debut. The network launched at 6:00 p.m. EST with an original staff of 25 employees based at its headquarters in Atlanta. The opening broadcast on the channel was an introduction by Ted Turner.

"Grease" premieres at Hollywood

Grease is a 1978 American musical romantic comedy film based on the musical of the same name. Written by Bronte Woodard and directed by Randal Kleiser in his theatrical feature film debut, the film depicts the lives of two high school seniors: a bad boy, played by John Travolta, and a good girl, played by Olivia Newton-John, in the late 1950s.

1978

West Germany open the World Cup against Poland

It was the opening match in the 1978 World Cup, where West Germany, the defending champions, played Poland to a scoreless tie. Two days later Brazil set the tempo by playing defensively against Sweden in a 1‐1 tie. Both teams advanced to final battles. West Germany was a team in transition, winning just one game in the tournament.

Flixborough disaster

An explosion at a chemical plant sited on the banks of the River Trent in Lincolnshire. The Flixborough explosion was on of the worst UK industrial accidents, which killed 28 people and 36 others onsite suffered injuries. Property in the surrounding area was damaged to a changing degree.

Dr. Heimlich describes his maneuver

It is a first aid procedure used to treat upper airway obstructions (or choking) by foreign objects. Heimlich himself performed the maneuver for the last time at the age of 96. It was at the party in retirement house, where he saved life of an 87-year old lady. “She was going to die if she wasn’t treated,” Heimlich explained.

The Plastic Ono Band record "Give Peace A Chance"

"Give Peace a Chance" is a song written by John Lennon and performed with Yoko Ono in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Released as a single by the Plastic Ono Band on Apple Records, it is the first solo single issued by Lennon, released when he was still a member of the Beatles and became an anthem of the American anti-war movement during the 1970s.

"Mrs. Robinson" hits #1 on the US singles chart

"Mrs. Robinson" is a song by American music duo Simon & Garfunkel from their fourth studio album, Bookends. It is famous for its inclusion in the 1967 film The Graduate. The song was written by Paul Simon, who pitched it to director Mike Nichols alongside Art Garfunkel after Nichols rejected two other songs intended for the film.

Author-lecturer Helen Keller dies

Helen Adams Keller was an American author, political activist, and lecturer. She was the first deaf-blind person to earn a bachelor of arts degree. She died in her sleep in 1968, at her home, Arcan Ridge, located in Easton, Connecticut, a few weeks short of her eighty-eighth birthday.

David Bowie releases his debut album

David Bowie is the self-titled debut studio album by English musician David Bowie released in 1967 on Deram Records. Its content bears a little overt resemblance to the type of music that later made him famous, such as the folk-rock of "Space Oddity" or the glam rock of The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars.

The first birth-control pill is approved in Europe

The combined oral contraceptive pill is a type of birth control that is designed to be taken orally by women. They were first approved for contraceptive use in the United States in 1960, and are a very popular form of birth control. They are currently used by more than 100 million women worldwide and by almost 12 million women in the United States.

Elvis Presley hits #1 on the UK singles chart with "Surrender"

"Surrender" is a #1 song recorded by Elvis Presley and published by Elvis Presley Music in 1961. It is an adaptation by Doc Pomus and Mort Shuman of the music of a 1902 Neapolitan ballad by Giambattista and Ernesto de Curtis entitled "Torna a Surriento".

The Doomsday Clock is published for the first time

The clock appeared on the cover of the June issue of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. It represents an analogy for the threat of global nuclear war, which will happen when the clock will reach midnight. On first appearance, the clock was set to seven minutes to midnight. In May 2018, the clock is set at two minutes to midnight.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous