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Syrian President Hafez Assad dies after 29-year rule

President Hafez Assad of Syria died in June 2000 in Damascus. He was 69 and had for some time suffered from heart problems and diabetes. In breaking the news to the Syrian public, state-run television announced: "Death has taken away from Syria a leader." The announcer's voice choked as he began to cry.

Nato calls off air war on Kosovo

Yugoslav and NATO generals signed an treaty to ended eleven weeks of NATO bombing of Yugoslavia and provided that the Balkan nation's armed forces begin a demonstrable withdrawal from Kosovo. NATO was celebrating the fact that in Kosovo the alliance acted resolutely.

The Apple II is introduced

Wozniak was working on a design for an improved version of the Apple I. The Apple II was introduced with an advertisement illustrating a scene in a kitchen. The Apple II was the first consumer product sold by Apple Computer. It started the boom in personal computer sales

Israel ends six-day war

Israel finally observed the UN ceasefire and halted her advance into Syria. Within 6 days Israeli troops have taken territory many times larger than Israel itself and united the holy city of Jerusalem for the first time since 1948.

The first birth-control pill Enovid is approved in U.S.

The combined oral contraceptive pill is a type of birth control that is designed to be taken orally by women. They were first approved for contraceptive use in the US in 1960, and are a very popular form of birth control. They are currently used by more than 100 million women worldwide and by almost 12 million women in the United States.

Saab produces its first automobile

Its first production car was the Saab 92001 and Saab quickly settled a reputation for building safe and reliable cars. From the start the company concentrated on high performance, technological innovation, and a distinctive appearance. Saab imported into many countries.

Nazis burn the Czech village Lidice

Lidice was a village that stood about 20 kilometres north-west of Prague. It was completely destroyed and eliminate from all maps by the occupying forces of Nazi Germany with killing every adult male and over 52 women. After the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich in Prague.

Italy declares war on France and Britain

Italy's dictator Benito Mussolini declared war on France and Great Britain. The Italian entry into the war opened up new fronts in North Africa and the Mediterranean. Mussolini's immediate war aim was to expand the Italian colonies in North Africa by taking land from the British and French colonies.

Ships head out to begin work on operational Transatlantic cable

Morse had experimented with underwater telegraph circuits since 1842. After the 1st two cable-laying attempts failed, Field reorganized the project, removing Morse from direct involvement. Though the cable broke 3 times during the 3rd attempt, it was successfully repaired, and the 1st transatlantic telegraph messages were sent in 1858.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous