Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

U.S. Fed holds widely-watched meeting on interest rates

The Federal Open Market Committee, a committee within the Federal Reserve System, is charged under the U.S. law with overseeing the nation's open market operations. The policy-making branch of the Fed met to discuss raising interest rates by a quarter of a point. This Federal Reserve committee makes key decisions about interest rates and the growth of the United States money supply.

British deadline arrives for Fox-Sky deal

21st Century Fox was allowed to take over pay-TV firm Sky as long as it divests Sky News to Disney or another company, British politicians ruled. The announcement from British Culture Secretary, Matt Hancock, is good news for Rupert Murdoch’s Hollywood studio and will now see it go head-to-head with rival Comcast for the prized pay-TV asset.

"The Amazing Spider-Man" premieres

The Amazing Spider-Man is a 2012 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character Spider-Man, and sharing the title of the character's longest-running comic book. It is the fourth theatrical Spider-Man film produced by Columbia Pictures and Marvel Entertainment, and a reboot of Sam Raimi's Spider-Man 2002–2007 trilogy preceding it.

Series of bombing and attacks in Iraq

Most of the attacks were car bombings and appeared to be aimed primarily at Shi'ite pilgrims gathered to commemorate the death of imam Moussa al-Kadhim. The first car bomb, aimed at a group of pilgrims, exploded in Taji, a town north of Baghdad. It was followed by four blasts across Baghdad. In all, ten blasts were reported across the Baghdad area.

Swedish carmaker SAAB is bought out of bankruptcy

Saab Automobile AB was a manufacturer of automobiles founded in Sweden in 1945. After struggling to avoid insolvency throughout 2011, the company petitioned for bankruptcy following the failure of a Chinese consortium to complete a purchase of the company; the purchase had been blocked by the former owner, GM, which opposed the transfer of technology and production rights to a Chinese company. It was subsequently bought out of bankruptcy by a newly formed company called National Electric Vehicle Sweden (NEVS).

The third series of Breaking Bad concludes

The third season of the American television drama series Breaking Bad consisted of 13 episodes, each running about 47 minutes. AMC broadcasted the third season on Sundays at 10:00 pm in the United States. The complete third season was released on Region 1 DVD and Region A Blu-ray in 2011.

A Chicago jury acquits R. Kelly of all 14 charges

Robert Sylvester Kelly is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and former professional basketball player. In 2002 Kelly was indicted on 21 counts of child pornography. He pleaded not guilty and was acquitted of all charges in 2008.

Michael Jackson is cleared of all charges

People v. Jackson was a criminal trial held in Santa Barbara County Superior Court, in which American recording artist Michael Jackson was tried based upon accusations of Gavin Arvizo, a 13-year-old boy whom Jackson had befriended. The trial spanned approximately 18 months, until the jury delivered a verdict of not guilty on all fourteen charges.

George H.W. Bush celebrates his 80th birthday with tandem jump

Bush made a tandem jump, harnessed to a member of an Army’s Golden Knights parachute team, onto the grounds of his presidential library. The jump, Bush’s fifth, earned him parachutist’s wings that were pinned on him after he landed. The wings include a small bronze star, indicating he’d made a combat jump in a hostile area.


Scotty Bowman wins his 9th Stanley Cup as coach

Scotty Bowman is the most successful coach of the NHL. He led the St. Louis Blues, the Montreal Canadiens, the Buffalo Sabres, the Pittsburgh Penguins and the Detroit Red Wings. His teams won 1244 games in a regular season and 223 in the playoffs. He won his 9th Stanley cup with the Detroit Red Wings and retired after 34 years of his career.

Samuel L. Jackson enshrined on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

In 2000, Samuel L. Jackson was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, kicking off a decade where he played a Marine colonel on trial in "Rules of Engagement", co-starred with Bruce Willis for the third time in the supernatural thriller "Unbreakable", and starred in the 2000 remake of the 1971 film Shaft.

Alanis Morissette releases her most famous album

Jagged Little Pill is the third studio album and international debut of Canadian singer Alanis Morissette. It was released in 1995 through Maverick, and was her first album to be released worldwide as her previous two albums had been released only in her native Canada. The album topped the charts in ten countries, selling over 33 million units worldwide.

Exxon found liable for Exxon Valdez oil spill

A federal jury found Exxon Corp. liable for the tanker crash that sent nearly 11 million gallons of crude oil into Alaska's Prince William Sound in 1989, causing the worst environmental disaster in U.S. history. The Valdez spill is the second largest in US waters, in terms of volume released, after the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

Billy Ray Cyrus starts a 17-week run at #1 on the US album chart

The album Some Gave All is Billy Ray Cyrus' most successful album to date. It has been certified 9× Multi-Platinum in the United States and had the longest run at number one by a debut artist on the Billboard 200 - 17 consecutive weeks. It also boasts the most consecutive chart-topping weeks in the SoundScan era.

Boris Yeltsin wins the first free election in Russia

Presidential elections were held in the Russian SFSR in 1991. They were the first presidential elections in the country's history and followed a referendum on directly electing a president. The result was a victory for Boris Yeltsin who received 58.6% of the vote. Although Yeltsin ran as an independent, he was supported by Democratic Russia.

The National, the 1st all-sports daily, ceases publication

The National Sports Daily, simply referred to as The National, was a sports-centered newspaper published in the United States. First issued in January 1990, it ran into financial trouble the following year due to budget cuts and a decline in an already low circulation. Despite a last-ditch effort to start an online distribution through Compuserve, one of the earliest Internet providers, the declining circulation was enough for The National to announce it was ceasing publication.

"License to Kill" is released

Licence to Kill is a 1989 British spy film, the sixteenth in the James Bond film series produced by Eon Productions, and the last to star Timothy Dalton in the role of the fictional MI6 agent, James Bond. It is the first Bond film not to use the title of an Ian Fleming story and the 5th and final consecutive episode directed by John Glen.

Whitney Houston starts a 6-week run at #1 on the UK album chart

Whitney Houston's second studio album, "Whitney", was a smash hit worldwide. In the United Kingdom, the album debuted at number one on the UK Albums Chart and remained there for six weeks. Whitney became the first album to debut at number one in both the U.S. and in the UK. It was 1987's third best-selling album in the UK.

Child megastars, the Olsen Twins, are born

Mary-Kate Olsen and Ashley Olsen are American fashion designers and former child actresses. The fraternal twins made their acting debut as infants playing Michelle Tanner on the television series Full House. At the age of six, they began starring together in TV, film, and video projects, which continued into their teenage years.

Activision merges with Infocom Inc

Infocom was a software company that produced numerous works of interactive fiction. Founded in 1979 by MIT staff and students, it lasted as an independent company until 1986 when it was bought by Activision. Activision finally shut down the Infocom division in 1989, although they released some titles in the 1990s under the Infocom Zork brand.

Pioneer 10 leaves the solar system

Pioneer 10 is the first American space probe to complete a mission to the planet Jupiter. It is also the first artificial object to achieve the escape velocity necessary to leave our Solar System, though it has been followed by another four manmade probes since. It’s primary objective was to explore plane Jupiter and its moon, Ganymede.

Dolly Parton records "I Will Always Love You"

Parton's song "I Will Always Love You" was a commercial success. It reached number one on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart twice, first in 1974 and again in 1982 when she re-recorded the song for the film The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas.

New York Times begins to publish the Pentagon Papers

The Pentagon Papers, officially titled Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force, is a United States Department of Defense history of the United States' political and military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967. The papers were released by Daniel Ellsberg, who had worked on the study.

Home Improvement star Tim Allen is born

Timothy Alan Dick, known professionally as Tim Allen, is an American actor and comedian. He is known for playing Tim "The Toolman" Taylor on the ABC sitcom Home Improvement. In 2011, he started appearing as Mike Baxter on the ABC sitcom Last Man Standing. In 2018, Fox picked up Last Man Standing for a 7th season.

Nazi Germany launches a V1 Flying Bomb attack on England

The V-1 flying bomb, also known as the buzz bomb, was an early cruise missile. It was launched at London for the first time one week after the successful Allied landings in Europe. At peak, more than one hundred V-1s a day were fired at south-east England, decreasing in number as sites were overrun, until October when the last V-1 site in range of Britain was overrun by Allied forces.

Economist John Nash is born

John Forbes Nash Jr. was an American mathematician who made fundamental contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and the study of partial differential equations. Nash's work has provided insight into the factors that govern chance and decision-making inside complex systems found in everyday life.

French pediatrician Jérôme Lejeune is born

Jérôme Lejeune was a French pediatrician and geneticist who first discovered the link between human disease and chromosome aberrations. The anomaly he pinpointed was the presence of a third copy of chromosome 21. This aberration causes Down syndrome, one of the most common forms of mental retardation. Lejeune later became an opponent of a prenatal diagnosis and abortion.

Samuel Morse obtains a patent for his code

Morse code is a method of transmitting text information as a series of on-off tones, lights, or clicks that can be directly understood by a skilled listener or observer without special equipment. The method encodes the letters and numerals as standardized sequences of short and long signals called dots and dashes. The most common signal is called SOS.

Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell is born

James Clerk Maxwell was a Scottish scientist in the field of mathematical physics. His most notable achievement was formulating the classical theory of electromagnetic radiation which brought together electricity, magnetism, and light as different manifestations of the same phenomenon. Maxwell's equations for electromagnetism have been called the "second great unification in physics" after Isaac Newton.

Anniversaries of famous