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Space Shuttle Columbia lands

Columbia touched down after 9 days, 2 hours, 14 minutes, 20 seconds in space. Its mission had been solely dedicated to biological experiments and it had featured the most detailed and interrelated physiological measurements in space since the 1973–1974 Skylab missions. Test subjects included crew members, 30 rodents and thousands of tiny jellyfish.

The European Space Research Organisation is established

The European Space Research Organisation was an international organization founded by 10 European nations with the intention of jointly pursuing scientific research in space. It was founded in 1964. As an organization, ESRO was based on a previously existing international scientific institution, CERN.

The UNIVAC I computer is unveiled

The UNIVAC I was the first commercial computer made in the USA and one of the first mainframe computers in history. It was designed by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, the inventors of the ENIAC which was built for calculating artillery firing tables. One of the UNIVAC I machines successfully predicted the result of the 1952 US presidential election.

Biologist Karl Landsteiner is born

Karl Landsteiner was an Austrian biologist, physician, and immunologist and the first person to distinguish the main blood groups. His AB0 system of blood typing made blood transfusion a routine medical practice. He also co-discovered the second most important blood group system, the RF factor, and the poliovirus.

Psychiatrist Alois Alzheimer is born

Alois Alzheimer was a German psychiatrist and neuropathologist known for the first description of what is today called Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer himself called the condition “presenile dementia.” Although the disease is a serious one, Dr. Alzheimer is the subject of many jokes. For example: "What's the name of that God-damn Swiss doctor who keeps hiding my glasses?"

Anniversaries of famous