Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

The cartoon family of superheroes returns in “Incredibles 2”

Incredibles 2 is a 2018 American 3D computer-animated superhero film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Pictures. Written and directed by Brad Bird, it is the sequel to 2004's The Incredibles. The film has grossed $259 million worldwide and received positive reviews, earning particular praise for its humor and animation.

Hassan Rouhani is elected president of Iran

Presidential elections were held in Iran in June 2013. Hassan Rouhani won with a landslide victory, elected in the first round of voting with 50.71% of the vote. Tehran Mayor Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf finished second with 16.56% of the vote. Over 36.7 million Iranians voted, 72.71% of eligible voters.


Wallenda makes the first successful tightrope walk over Niagara Falls

Nikolas Wallenda is an American acrobat, aerialist, daredevil, high wire artist, and author. He is known for his high-wire performances without a safety net. He holds nine Guinness World Records for various acrobatic feats, but is best known as the first person to walk a tightrope stretched directly over Niagara Falls.

Obama ends child immigrant deportation

The 2012 Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program (DACA) allows young unauthorized migrants who've come to the US as children to get temporary protection and work permits. In 2012 when the program came into force, around 1.2 million immigrants are eligible for DACA already.

Calista Flockhart marries Harrison Ford

Actress Calista Flockhart had been in a relationship with actor Harrison Ford since their meeting at the Golden Globe Awards on January 2002. They became engaged on Valentine's Day in 2009, and were married in June 2010, in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The ceremony was presided over by Governor Bill Richardson and New Mexico Supreme Court Chief Justice Charles W. Daniels.

Bob Barker ends his 35-year run as host of "The Price Is Right"

Bob Barker is an American former television game show host known for hosting CBS's The Price Is Right. He retired from the show in June 2007, taping his final episode early that month. It aired twice in June, first at the show’s normal daytime slot and the second time in primetime as the lead-in to the Daytime Emmy Awards.

Colin McRae: DIRT is released

Colin McRae: Dirt is a racing video game developed and published by Codemasters. It was released in June 2007 for the Xbox 360 and PC. The PS3 version was released in September 2007 in North America and Europe. The day before its release, a helicopter crash claimed the life of McRae, his son Johnny, and two other people who were family friends of the McRaes.

Coldplay hit #1 on US album chart with "X&Y"

X&Y was released after a considerable amount of global anticipation. Overall reaction to the album was generally positive, though some critics cited it as being inferior to its predecessors. It was a significant commercial success, reaching the top spot of many charts worldwide, including the United Kingdom and the US. It was the 1st time Coldplay topped the US chart.

The Dark Knight makes his comeback on the big screen

Batman Begins opened in June 2005, in the US and Canada in 3,858 theaters. It grossed over $48 million in its opening weekend in North America, eventually grossing over $374 million worldwide. The film received highly positive reviews and is considered by many critics to be one of the best superhero films of the 2000s.

Radiohead hit #1 on the UK album chart with "Hail To The Thief"

Despite a high-profile internet leak of unfinished material ten weeks before release, Hail to the Thief debuted at number one on the UK Albums Chart and number three on the US Billboard 200 chart and was certified platinum in the UK, US, and Canada. It produced three charting singles: "There There", "Go to Sleep" and "2 + 2 = 5".

Arthur Andersen LLP convicted in Enron trial

Arthur Andersen LLP is an American holding company based in Chicago. In 2002, it was convicted of obstruction of justice for shredding documents related to its audit of Enron, resulting in the Enron scandal. Although the Supreme Court reversed the firm's conviction, the impact of the scandal combined with the findings of criminal complicity ultimately destroyed the firm.

Charlie Sheen marries Denise Richards

Sheen met actress Denise Richards on the set of Good Advice in 2000. They became engaged in December 2001 and married in June 2002 at the estate of Spin City creator, Gary David Goldberg. They have two daughters, Sam J. Sheen and Lola Rose Sheen.

Santana releases album "Supernatural"

Supernatural is the seventeenth studio album by Latin rock band Santana. Released in June 1999, it has gone platinum 15 times in the U.S. and won eight Grammy Awards including Album of the Year and three Latin Grammy Awards including Record of the Year.

IRA carries out infamous Manchester bombing

The Manchester bombing was an attack carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in June 1996. The IRA detonated a 1,500-kilogram Lorry bomb on Corporation Street in the center of Manchester. The biggest bomb detonated in Great Britain since World War II, it targeted the city's infrastructure and economy and caused devastating damage, estimated by insurers at £700 million.

Singer Ella Fitzgerald dies

Ella Fitzgerald was an American jazz singer sometimes referred to as the Queen of Jazz. She died in her home from a stroke in June 1996 at the age of 79. A few hours after her death, the Playboy Jazz Festival was launched at the Hollywood Bowl. In tribute, the marquee read: "Ella We Will Miss You." Her funeral was private and she was buried at Inglewood Park Cemetery in Los Angeles.

American-Bulgarian physicist John Atanasoff dies

John Atanasoff was an American-Bulgarian physicist and inventor best known for inventing the first electronic digital computer. A professor at Iowa State University, Atanasoff worked with his graduate student, Clifford Berry, to build a machine known as the Atanasoff–Berry computer. It introduced the ideas of binary arithmetic, regenerative memory, and logic circuits. John Mauchly later used these concepts in the design of ENIAC.

"The Lion King" opens in cinemas

The Lion King is a musical film produced by Disney. The story, inspired by William Shakespeare's Hamlet, takes place in a kingdom of lions in Africa. Its original songs were written by composer Elton John and lyricist Tim Rice, with a score by Hans Zimmer. The Lion King garnered two Academy Awards for its achievement in music.

Adobe publishes the first version of the PDF format

The Portable Document Format was created in the early 1990s by Adobe Systems, and remained proprietary format until it was released as an open standard in 2008. Since then, it has been under the control of an International Organization for Standardization Committee of volunteer industry experts.

Nirvana's debut album "Bleach" is released in the US

Bleach is the debut studio album by the American rock band Nirvana. It failed to chart in the U.S. upon its original release but was well received by critics. The album was re-released internationally by Geffen Records in 1992 following the success of Nirvana's second album, Nevermind.

Dire Straits hit #1 on the US album chart

"Brothers in Arms" is the fifth studio album by the British rock band Dire Straits. It charted at number one worldwide, spending 10 weeks at number one on the UK Albums Chart, nine weeks at number one on the Billboard 200 in the United States, and 34 weeks at number one on the Australian Albums Chart. "Brothers in Arms" was the first album certified 10-times platinum in the UK and is the eighth-best-selling album in UK chart history.


El Salvador suffers the biggest loss in World Cup history

Hungary v El Salvador was the second game to be played in Group 3 of the first group stage at the 1982 FIFA World Cup. The game was played at Nuevo Estadio in Elche, Spain. Hungary won the match 10–1, recording the biggest scoreline in FIFA World Cup finals history.

"Rocky II" is released

Rocky II is a 1979 American sports drama film written, directed by, and starring Sylvester Stallone. It is the sequel to the 1976 film Rocky, and was the last installment in the film series that was distributed solely by United Artists. Released in June 1979, the film was followed by Rocky III in 1982.

Actor Neil Patrick Harris is born

Neil Patrick Harris is an American actor, writer, producer, comedian, magician, and singer. He is known primarily for his comedy roles on television and his dramatic and musical stage roles. On television, he is known for playing the title character on Doogie Howser, M.D. and for Barney Stinson on How I Met Your Mother, for which he was nominated for 4 Emmy Awards.

Rapper and actor Ice Cube is born

O'Shea Jackson, known professionally as Ice Cube, is an American rapper, writer and actor. One of the founding artists of gangsta rap, Ice Cube initially gained recognition as the primary songwriting and performing member of the seminal hip-hop groups C.I.A. and N.W.A, the latter of which gained extreme notoriety for pushing the boundaries of lyrical content.

Actress Helen Hunt is born

Helen Elizabeth Hunt is an American actress, director, and screenwriter. She is best known for starring as Jamie Buchman in the sitcom Mad About You, for which she won four Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series, and for starring as Carol Connelly in the romantic comedy film As Good as It Gets, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Actress.


Danish footballer Michael Laudrup is born

Michael Laudrup is a Danish former professional footballer and the manager of Qatar Stars League club Al Rayyan. He is regarded as one of the greatest players of his generation. During his playing career, Laudrup won league titles with Ajax, Barcelona, Real Madrid and Juventus, playing mainly as an attacking midfielder.

"The Sound of Music" closes on Broadway

The Sound of Music opened on Broadway at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre in 1959, moved to the Mark Hellinger Theatre in 1962, and closed there in 1963 after 1,443 performances. The director was Vincent J. Donehue, and the choreographer was Joe Layton.

The first-ever Japanese song hits #1 on the US singles chart

Ue o Muite Arukō is a Japanese-language song performed by Japanese crooner Kyu Sakamoto. In Anglophone countries, it is best known under the alternative title, "Sukiyaki. The song reached the top of the Billboard Hot 100 charts in the United States in 1963, one of the few non-Indo-European language songs to have done so, and is one of the best-selling singles of all time.


Boxer Joe Louis scores his last knock out victory

In 1951, American boxing legend Joe Louis fought Lee Savold in what was the first professional prizefight carried to theaters on closed-circuit TV. The 'Brown Bomber' knocked out Savold in the 6th round after 2 minutes 29 seconds. It was to be his last victory by KO.

Singer-songwriter Harry Nilsson is born

Harry Edward Nilsson III was an American singer-songwriter who achieved the peak of his commercial success in the early 1970s. His work is characterized by pioneering vocal overdub experiments, returns to the Great American Songbook, and fusions of Caribbean sounds. Nilsson was voted No. 62 in Rolling Stone's 2015 list of the 100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time.


Baseball Hall of Famer Lou Gehrig makes his major league debut

Henry Louis Gehrig was the first baseman who played 17 seasons in Major League Baseball for the New York Yankees (1923-1939). Over 15 years he led the team to six World Series titles. Gehrig was elected to the Baseball Hall of fame in 1939 and was voted the greatest first baseman of all the time in 1969.

British aviators complete first non-stop transatlantic flight

Pilot John Alcock and navigator Arthur W. Brown flew from Newfoundland to Clifden, Ireland, in 16 hours and 12 minutes. By doing so, they won a prize offered by the London Daily Mail. The prize was presented by British Secretary of State for Air, Winston Churchill. Alcock and Brown used modified WW1 bomber, Vickers Vimy.

Outbreaks of typhoid fever traced to Typhoid Mary

Mary Mallon, better known as Typhoid Mary, was the first person in the United States identified as an asymptomatic carrier of typhoid fever. She was discovered by sanitation engineer George Soper who was investigating enigmatic outbreaks of the illness. Presumed to have infected 51 people over the course of her career as a cook, she was twice forcibly isolated by public health authorities and died after a total of nearly three decades in isolation.

Psychoanalyst Erik Erikson is born

Erik Homberger Erikson was a German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on the psychological development of human beings. He may be most famous for coining the phrase "identity crisis". His son, Kai T. Erikson, is a noted American sociologist.

Medical researcher Hubertus Strughold is born

He is known as the father of space medicine. Strughold served as chief of Aeromedical Research for the German Luftwaffe from 1935. During the war, he conducted unethical human experimentation. After the war, he was as brought to the United States as part of Operation Paperclip. He worked for both the US Air Force and NASA.

Japan struck by its deadliest tsunami

The 1896 Sanriku earthquake was one of the most destructive seismic events in Japanese history. The 8.5 magnitude earthquake occurred in June 1896. It resulted in two tsunamis which destroyed about 9,000 homes and caused at least 22,000 deaths. The waves reached a record height of 38.2 meters.

Charles Goodyear receives a patent for strengthened rubber

Charles Goodyear developed vulcanized rubber, for which he received patent number 3633 from the United States Patent Office in June 1844. The first vulcanization of rubber is considered one of the major "firsts" that contributes to the City of Springfield's nickname, "The City of Firsts."

Anniversaries of famous