Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Deadly wildfires spread through Portugal

A series of four initially deadly wildfires erupted across central Portugal within minutes of each other, resulting in at least 66 deaths and 204 injured people. The majority of deaths took place in the Pedrógão Grande municipality, when a fire swept across a road filled with evacuees escaping in their cars.

Bill Cosby trial is declared a mistrial

American comedian Bill Cosby has been the subject of publicized sexual assault allegations, with the earliest incidents allegedly taking place in the mid-1960s. Cosby’s first trial in 2017 ended in a mistrial, but in 2018, the comedian was retried and found guilty of three counts of aggravated indecent assault. He now faces up to ten years in prison and a $25,000 fine.

Amazon buys out Whole Foods

Whole Foods Market Inc. is an American supermarket chain that specializes in selling organic food, products without artificial additives, colors, flavors, sweeteners or hydrogenated fats. In 2017, it was reported that the Federal Trade Commission had approved a merger between Amazon.com and Whole Foods Market and the following day, it was announced that the deal would be closed. Whole Foods Market Inc. has 479 stores in North America and the United Kingdom.

USS Fitzgerald and MV ACX Crystal collision

The United States Navy destroyer USS Fitzgerald collided with MV ACX Crystal, a Philippine-flagged container ship, about 80 nautical miles southwest of Tokyo, Japan; 10 nautical miles southeast of the city of Shimoda on the Japanese mainland. The accident killed seven Fitzgerald sailors.

Charleston Church shooting

The Charleston church shooting was a mass shooting in which Dylann Roof, a 21-year-old white supremacist, murdered nine African Americans during a prayer service at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in downtown Charleston, South Carolina.

Bruce Springsteen plays his longest show

The Wrecking Ball World Tour was a concert tour by Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band to promote Springsteen's seventeenth studio album, Wrecking Ball, which was released in 2012. Shows were longer than on recent tours, culminating in Helsinki with the longest performance of Springsteen's career at 4 hours and 4 minutes.


The Boston Celtics win their 17th NBA Championship

The 2007–08 NBA season was the 62nd season of the NBA. The Boston Celtics defeated the Los Angeles Lakers 131–92 to win the 2008 NBA Finals, four games to two. This season was notable for being one of the most competitive Western Conference playoff races in NBA history.

Rihanna releases 'Disturbia'

"Disturbia" is a song recorded by Barbadian singer Rihanna for Good Girl Gone Bad: Reloaded, a re-release of her third studio album Good Girl Gone Bad of 2007. It was written by Andre Merritt, Chris Brown, Brian Kennedy and Rob. A!, with production of the song helmed by Kennedy.

Gay marriage becomes legal in California

Same-sex marriage has been legal in the U.S. state of California since 2008 when the state began issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples as the result of the Supreme Court of California ruling in In re Marriage Cases, which found that barring same-sex couples from marriage violated the state's Constitution.


'Moneyball' is published

Moneyball: The Art of Winning an Unfair Game is a book by Michael Lewis, published in 2003, about the Oakland Athletics baseball team and its general manager Billy Beane. Its focus is the team's analytical, evidence-based, sabermetric approach to assembling a competitive baseball team, despite Oakland's disadvantaged revenue situation.

Aaliyah hits #1 on the US singles chart with 'Try Again'

Try Again debuted on the US Billboard Hot 100 in March 2000 at number 58 reaching, number 1 in June 2000. It also peaked at number 1 on the Hot 100 Airplay chart, number 3 on the Mainstream Top 40 chart and number 4 on the Hot R&B Singles & Tracks chart.

Hackers decipher computer code written in the DES

DESCHALL was the first group to break a message which used the Data Encryption Standard, becoming the $10,000 winner of the first of the set of DES Challenges proposed by RSA Security in 1997. It was established by a group of computer scientists led by Rocke Verser assisted by Justin Dolske and Matt Curtin and involved thousands of volunteers.

American philosopher of science Thomas Kuhn dies

Thomas Kuhn was an American physicist, historian and philosopher of science whose controversial 1962 book “The Structure of Scientific Revolutions” was influential in both academic and popular circles. He claimed scientific fields undergo periodic "paradigm shifts" rather than progressing in a solely linear and continuous way, that the notion of scientific truth cannot be established solely by objective criteria but is defined by a consensus of a scientific community, and that competing paradigms are frequently incommensurable; that is, they are competing and irreconcilable accounts of reality.


O. J. Simpson is charged with murder

O. J. Simpson is a former NFL running back, broadcaster, actor and advertising spokesman. In 1994, he was arrested and charged with the murders of his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ron Goldman. He was acquitted by a jury after a lengthy and internationally publicized trial. The families of the victims filed a civil suit against him and were awarded $33.5 million for the victims' wrongful deaths.


Reports surface that Mike Tyson beats his wife, Robin Givens

Former boxer, Mike Tyson's marriage to Robin Givens was very tumultuous, with allegations of violence, spousal abuse and mental instability on Tyson's part. Matters came to a head when Tyson and Givens gave a joint interview with Barbara Walters on the ABC TV newsmagazine show 20/20 in which Givens described life with Tyson as "torture" and "pure hell".

Space Shuttle Discovery is launched

STS-51-G was the eighteenth flight of NASA's Space Shuttle program, and the fifth flight of Space Shuttle Discovery. The seven-day mission launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, and landed at Edwards Air Force Base, California. Sultan Salman Al Saud of Saudi Arabia was on board as a payload specialist; Al Saud became the first Arab, the first Muslim, and the first member of a royal family to fly into space.

US Copyright Office registers first video games

Lunar Lander with Asteroids were the first two games to be registered with the United States Copyright Office, though the prior games in the genre kept the gameplay from being patented. Lunar Lander was one of the first games ported by Atari to its Atari Arcade browser game portal and has been featured in an art installation at the Dublin Science Gallery.

Andy Gibb's first three releases reach #1 in the US

Andrew Roy Gibb was an English singer, songwriter, performer, and teen idol. He was the youngest brother of the Bee Gees: Barry, Robin, and Maurice Gibb. Gibb came to international prominence in the late 1970s with six singles that reached the Top 10 in the United States, three of which made it to #1. According to Billboard's Book Of Number One Hits, Gibb became the first solo artist in the history of U.S. pop charts to have his first three singles hit the number-one spot.

IRA bombs UK parliament

In 1974 the Provisional IRA bombed the British Houses of Parliament causing extensive damage and injuring eleven people. 1974 was the worst year of the Troubles outside of Northern Ireland. At the beginning of the year, the IRA had exploded a bomb on a coach carrying soldiers and some family members on the M62, killing 12 people including 4 civilians.

Don McLean hits #1 on the UK singles chart with 'Vincent'

"Vincent" is a song by Don McLean written as a tribute to Vincent van Gogh. It is also known by its opening line, "Starry Starry Night", a reference to Van Gogh's painting "The Starry Night". The song also describes other paintings by the artist. It was created on the 100th anniversary of the midpoint of Van Gogh's life.

Five White House operatives arrested at Watergate complex

The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States during the early 1970s, following a break-in by five men at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. in 1972, and the Nixon administration's subsequent attempt to cover up its involvement.

President Nixon Declares Drug Abuse 'Public Enemy Number One'

The term was popularized by the media shortly after a press conference given by President Richard Nixon—the day after publication of a special message from President Nixon to the Congress on Drug Abuse Prevention and Control—during which he declared drug abuse "public enemy number one".

China tests its first hydrogen bomb

Test No. 6 is the codename for China's first test of a three-staged thermonuclear device and also its sixth nuclear weapons test. The device was detonated at Lop Nur Test Base, often called Lop Nur Nuclear Weapon Test Base, in Malan, Xinjiang in 1967.


Brazil defeats Czechoslovakia to win the World Cup

The 1962 FIFA World Cup Final was the deciding match of the 1962 FIFA World Cup. It was held at the Estadio Nacional in Santiago, Chile, and was contested by Czechoslovakia and Brazil. Brazil won the game 3–1 to record their second consecutive World Cup victory. Both teams had played each other during the group stage which ended in a goalless draw.

Iceland declares independence from Denmark

Throughout the 19th century, Iceland was ruled by the Danes, but in December 1918, the Danish–Icelandic Act of Union recognized Iceland as a fully sovereign and independent state in a personal union with Denmark. By 1943, the Act of Union had expired and in 1944, the people of Iceland voted to terminate the personal union with Denmark, abolish the monarchy, and establish their own republic.

Last public guillotining takes place in France

In 1939, Eugen Weidmann, a German criminal and serial murderer, was beheaded outside the prison Saint-Pierre in Versailles. The hysterical behaviour by spectators was so scandalous that French President Albert Lebrun immediately banned all future public executions. British actor Christopher Lee, who was 17 at the time, witnessed the event.

The Battle of Bunker Hill

The Battle of Bunker Hill was fought during the Siege of Boston in the early stages of the American Revolutionary War. The battle is named after Bunker Hill in Charlestown, Massachusetts, which was peripherally involved in the battle. It was the original objective of both the colonial and British troops, though the majority of combat took place on the adjacent hill which later became known as Breed's Hill.

Francis Drake lands on the California coast

Sir Francis Drake was an English sea captain, privateer, slave trader, naval officer and explorer of the Elizabethan era. During a round-the-world voyage, he landed on the California coastline in a place now called Drakes Bay, though Drake himself named the newly discovered land New Albion. After making landfall, he continued on his journey circumnavigating the globe, returning home to England in 1580.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1984

Chris Weidman

born 1966

Jason Patric

died 2012

Rodney King