Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Brussels attack

A terrorist bomb caused a small explosion at Brussels Central Station in Brussels, Belgium; there were no casualties. Soldiers patrolling the station killed the suspect with 3 to 4 shots, according to eyewitnesses. The perpetrator was Oussama Zariouh, a 36-year-old Moroccan national who had assembled a defective explosive device.

Video game Nex Machina is released

Nex Machina is a shoot 'em up video game developed and published by Housemarque. The game was released for the PlayStation 4 video game console and Windows-based personal computers. Tentatively known as The Jarvis Project during development, veteran arcade game designer Eugene Jarvis served as a creative consultant on the project.

Daniel Day-Lewis announces his retirement from acting

Sir Daniel Michael Blake Day-Lewis is a retired English actor who holds both British and Irish citizenship. Prior to the Phantom Thread release, Day-Lewis' spokeswoman, Leslee Dart, announced that he was retiring from acting. The film and his performance was met with universal praise from critics.

Mattel releases new looks for their Ken doll

Ken was introduced by Mattel in 1961 as the fictional counterpart of Barbie. The 15 new looks feature combinations of three different body types, seven skin tones and eight hair colors include one with a man bun.

Graz van attack

The perpetrator, identified as Alen Rizvanović, drove a sports utility vehicle at high speeds through the center of Graz, Austria, killing three people in a matter of minutes and injuring 36 others, some of them seriously. At one point during the attack, Rizvanović got out of the vehicle and stabbed passers-by. He was later arrested by police.

Pakistan heat vawe

A severe heat wave with temperatures as high as 49 °C struck southern Pakistan in June 2015. It caused the deaths of about 2,000 people from dehydration and heat stroke, mostly in Sindh province and its capital city, Karachi. The event followed a separate heat wave in neighboring India that killed 2,500 people.

Bulgarian floods

Torrential rains caused severe flash flooding across northeastern Bulgaria leaving dozens of villages without electricity and submerging large parts of several cities in the region. At least 16 people were reported killed – 13 in the Asparuhovo district of Varna, one in Dobrich and two in the village of Tsani Ganchevo in Shumen Province.

Ed Sheehan releases album X

"X" is the second studio album by English singer-songwriter Ed Sheeran. It was released through Asylum Records and Atlantic Records. The album received positive reviews from music critics. It was an international commercial success, peaking at No. 1 in fifteen countries, while topping both the UK Albums Chart and the US Billboard 200.

Riga Castle fire

Around 22:21 fire broke out in the castle and the firefighters were called in. The castle was guarded by the military police. The Red Hall was almost completely burnt, the White Hall was severely damaged, and the State Festival, Ambassador Accreditation and Coats of Arms halls have all been damaged.

RusAir Tupolev Tu-134 passenger jet crashes

RusAir Flight 9605 was a passenger flight which crashed near Petrozavodsk Airport, Petrozavodsk, Russia. 47 of the 52 on board died. It crashed on approach in bad weather, coming down on A133 highway about 1,200 m short of the runway. As a result of the crash, all Tu-134s were to be withdrawn from commercial service in Russia.


Sammy Sosa hits 600th career home run

Sammy Sosa is a Dominican former professional baseball right fielder. He finished his career with brief stints with the Baltimore Orioles and the Texas Rangers. While playing for the Rangers, Sosa hit his 600th career home run to become the fifth player in MLB history to reach that milestone. He is also second all-time in home runs among foreign-born MLB players.

"Thoroughly Modern Millie" closes on Broadway

Thoroughly Modern Millie is a musical with music by Jeanine Tesori, lyrics by Dick Scanlan, and a book by Richard Morris and Dick Scanlan. The production won six Tony Awards, including Best Musical and has since become a popular choice for high school productions.

Supreme Court bans executions of mentally retarded murderers

Atkins v. Virginia, 536 U.S. 304, is a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States ruled 6-3 that executing people with intellectual disabilities violates the Eighth Amendment's ban on cruel and unusual punishments, though states are still allowed to define who has an intellectual disability.

Britney Spears begins her Oops!... I Did It Again World Tour

The Oops!... I Did It Again Tour was the third concert tour by American recording artist Britney Spears. It supported her second studio album Oops!... I Did It Again and visited North America, Europe and Brazil, marking the first time Spears toured outside North America.

NATO calls off bombing campaign against Yugoslavia

The NATO bombing of Yugoslavia was a military operation against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia during the Kosovo War. It ended with the Kumanovo Treaty with Yugoslav and Serb forces agreeing to withdraw from Kosovo to make way for an international presence. The NATO bombing campaign has remained controversial, as it did not gain the approval of the UN Security Council and because it caused at least 488 Yugoslav civilian deaths.

Tobacco firms agree on major settlement for health-care costs

The Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement was originally between the four largest U.S. tobacco companies and the attorneys general of 46 states. The states settled their Medicaid lawsuits against the tobacco industry for recovery of their tobacco-related health-care costs. The companies agreed to curtail or cease certain tobacco marketing practices and pay various annual payments to compensate states for some of the medical costs of caring for persons with smoking-related illnesses.

Final Fantasy Tactics is released

Final Fantasy Tactics is a tactical role-playing game developed and published by Squaresoft for the Sony PlayStation video game console. The game combines thematic elements of the Final Fantasy video game series with a game engine and battle system unlike those previously seen in the franchise.

Belgian cosmologist Georges Lemaitre dies

Georges Lemaître, was a Belgian Catholic Priest, astronomer, professor of physics and inventor of the Big bang theory. When studying general relativity, he realized that if the universe was expanding, then the further we go in the past, the universe's contents must have been closer together. At some point in the distant past, all the matter in the universe was crushed into a single object, which he called the primeval super-atom.

Space Shuttle Columbia heads back to space

STS-78 was the fifth dedicated Life and Microgravity Spacelab mission for the Space Shuttle program, flown partly in preparation for the International Space Station project. The mission used the Space Shuttle Columbia, which lifted off successfully from Kennedy Space Center’s in June 1996.


Dennis Bergkamp joins Arsenal

Dennis Bergkamp is a Dutch former professional footballer. In 1995, he signed with Arsenal for a transfer fee estimated at £7.5 million, breaking the club’s previous record set at £2.5 million. Bergkamp's arrival at the club was significant not only because he was an established international footballer, but also because he was a major contributor to Arsenal's return to success after much decline in the mid-1990s.


O.J. Simpson arraigned for double homicide

O.J. Simpson was arraigned and pleaded not guilty to two counts of murder for the deaths of his ex-wife, Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ron Goldman. The following day, a grand jury was called to determine whether to indict him for the murders. However, it was dismissed two days later as a result of excessive media coverage, which could have influenced its neutrality.

Mariah Carey scores her sixth US No.1 single with "I'll Be There"

"I'll Be There" is a soul song first recorded by The Jackson 5. Mariah Carey included it as a last-minute addition to her MTV Unplugged setlist, after she had been informed that most acts on the show commonly perform at least one cover. It was performed as a romantic duet with Carey singing Michael Jackson's lines and R&B singer Trey Lorenz singing Jermaine Jackson's lines.

Stars on 45 hit #1 on the US singles chart with "Medley"

"Stars on 45" is a song by the studio group Stars on 45. In the US, the single peaked at number 18 on the dance chart. In the US, the song's one-week stay at the top of the Hot 100 interrupted the Kim Carnes single "Bette Davis Eyes" run as the number 1 single at five weeks.

The Blues Brothers is released

The Blues Brothers is an American musical comedy film directed by John Landis. It stars John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd as "Joliet" Jake and Elwood Blues. It features musical numbers by rhythm and blues, soul, and blues singers James Brown, Cab Calloway, Aretha Franklin, Ray Charles, and John Lee Hooker.

Viking 1 probe lands on Mars

Viking 1 was the first of two identical probes, each consisting of an orbiter designed to photograph the surface of Mars and a lander. It was the first spacecraft to land successfully on Mars and perform its mission. Besides surveying the red planet, the lander performed an experiment to test relativistic time dilatation.


Panenka scores the most famous penalty shot in history

Antonín Panenka is a Czech former professional footballer. In the final against West Germany, he stepped up under immense pressure to take the fifth Czechoslovakian penalty, winning the match. German goalkeeper, Sepp Maier, dived left as Panenka chipped the ball straight into the middle of the net. The sheer cheek of the goal led a watching French journalist to dub Panenka "a poet".

The movie "Jaws" is released

Jaws is an American thriller directed by Steven Spielberg and based on Peter Benchley's novel of the same name. In the story, a giant man-eating great white shark attacks beachgoers on Amity Island, prompting the local police chief to hunt it with the help of a marine biologist and a professional shark hunter.

Roman Polanski’s "Chinatown" is released worldwide

Chinatown is an American neo-noir mystery film, directed by Roman Polanski from a screenplay by Robert Towne, starring Jack Nicholson and Faye Dunaway. The film was inspired by the California Water Wars, a series of disputes over southern California water at the beginning of the 20th century.

Ezeiza massacre

Peronist masses had gathered there to acclaim Juan Perón's definitive return from an 18-year exile in Spain. Camouflaged snipers from the right-wing of Peronism opened fire on the crowd. The left-wing Peronist Youth and the Montoneros were targeted. At least 13 bodies were subsequently identified, and 365 were injured during the massacre.

David Bowie records "Space Oddity" at Trident Studios

"Space Oddity" is a song written and recorded by David Bowie. It was first released as a 7-inch single. It was also the opening track of his second studio album, David Bowie. It became one of Bowie's signature songs and one of four of his songs to be included in The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll.


Ali is convicted of refusing induction into armed services

After boxer Muhammad Ali refused to be inducted into the armed force, he was systematically denied a boxing license in every state and was even stripped of his passport. He was barred from fighting between the ages of 25 to almost 29 as his case worked its way through the appeals process. His conviction was eventually overturned.

Moscow–Washington hotline is agreed

The Moscow–Washington hotline is a system that allows direct communication between the leaders of the United States and the Russian Federation. This hotline links the Pentagon with the Kremlin. The first implementation used Teletype equipment, and shifted to fax machines in 1986.

The TV variety series "Toast of the Town" debuts on CBS

The Ed Sullivan Show was an American television variety show that ran on CBS and was hosted by New York entertainment columnist Ed Sullivan. Originally co-created and produced by Marlo Lewis, the show was first titled Toast of the Town, but was widely referred to as The Ed Sullivan Show for years before that became its official name.

Germany introduces the post-war Deutsche Mark

The Deutsche Mark was the official currency of West Germany, and later of unified Germany. It was first issued under Allied occupation to replace the Reichsmark, and served as the Federal Republic of Germany's official currency from its founding the following year until the adoption of the euro.


Jesse Owens sets world record in the 100 meter sprint

Jesse Owens was an American track and field athlete who won the 1936 NCAA Track and Field Championships in four events and set a new world record in the 100-meter sprint. He also participated in that year’s Summer Olympics in Berlin where he was the most successful athlete at the Games and, as a black man, was credited with "single-handedly crushing Hitler's myth of Aryan supremacy".

Bell installs the world's first commercial telephone service

The Bell Telephone Company was created in 1877, and by 1886, more than 150,000 people in the U.S. owned telephones. Bell Company engineers made numerous other improvements to the telephone, which emerged as one of the most successful products ever.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous