Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar


Diamond League athletics meeting starts in Paris

The 2018 IAAF Diamond League is the 9th edition of the annual IAAF Diamond League, a 14-leg series of track and field meetings. It is the second edition to feature the new championship-style system.

Olivia de Havilland sues the producers of Feud

A key issue in the lawsuit is the fact that de Havilland’s character used the word “bitch” in reference to Fontaine, while de Havilland’s lawyer argued no record exists of de Havilland ever using the word, much less to identify Fontaine.

Album X becomes the fastest-selling UK album of the year

x debuted at number one on the UK Albums Chart, marking Sheeran's second number one album in the United Kingdom. It sold 180,000 copies in its first week of release to become the fastest-selling album of 2014, overtaking Coldplay's Ghost Stories.

Croatia is approved for entry

The 2013 enlargement of the EU saw Croatia join the EU as its 28th member state in July 2013. The country applied for EU membership in 2003, and the European Commission recommended making it an official candidate in early 2004. Candidate country status was granted to Croatia by the European Council in mid-2004.

Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince is released

Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince is a video game, developed by EA Bright Light Studio and published by Electronic Arts. The game was released in June 2009 and is based on the film of the same name. The game was released on the Microsoft Windows, Nintendo DS, Wii, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Portable, Xbox 360, and mobile platforms.

Spain legalizes gay marriage

After much debate, a law permitting same-sex marriage was passed by the Cortes Generales, Spain's bicameral Parliament, composed of the Senate and the Congress of Deputies, in June 2005 and published in July 2005.

"Spider-Man 2" is released

Spider-Man 2 is a 2004 American superhero film directed by Sam Raimi and written by Alvin Sargent, from a story by Alfred Gough, Miles Millar, and Michael Chabon. Set two years after the events of Spider-Man, the film finds Peter Parker struggling to manage both his personal life and his duties as Spider-Man.


Ronaldo's redemption is complete as he scores both goals

Brazil won the match 2–0, winning a record 5th title. Ronaldo, who became the record World Cup goalscorer at the 2006 tournament, scored two of his fifteen World Cup goals in the second half of the match, leading Brazil to the title and winning the Golden Boot award. Four years after a nighttime seizure saw him put in a poor performance as his team lost 1998 final 3-0 to France.

Guitar-ace Chet Atkins dies

Chet Atkins died at his Nashville home in June 2001 after long, repeated bouts with cancer that included the removal of a malignant tumor from his colon in 1973 and one from his brain in 1997. He was survived by his wife of more than fifty years, singer Leona Johnson, whom he said was the only woman he ever dated. They named their daughter, Merle, after Merle Travis.

"Lady Marmalade" is at #1 on the UK singles chart

"Lady Marmalade" is a song written by Bob Crewe and Kenny Nolan. The song first became a popular hit when covered in 1974 by the American girl group Labelle. Labelle held the number-one spot on the Billboard Hot 100 chart for one week, and also topped the Canadian RPM national singles chart.

Croc 2 is released

Croc 2 is a platform video game developed by Argonaut Software and published by Fox Interactive. It was released for the Sony PlayStation in 1999, and later for Microsoft Windows and Game Boy Color in 2000 and 2001, respectively. The game's release was accompanied by a heavy advertising campaign, with Fox cross-promoting the game alongside Nabisco's "Gummi Savers" brand of candy.


An Oliver Bierhoff golden goal gives Germany the Championship

Germany won the final 2–1, with Oliver Bierhoff scoring the golden goal in the 95th minute. Bierhoff had earlier equalized in the 73rd minute after Patrik Berger scored a penalty for the Czech Republic on 59 minutes after Karel Poborský had been tripped.


Eddie Murray hits 3,000th hit of his career

At the Metrodome, Indians' designated hitter Eddie Murray collects his 3000th hit off Twins' right-hander Mike Trombley to become the 20th player to accomplish the feat. 'Steady Eddie' joins Pete Rose as only the 2nd switch-hitter to reach the milestone.

Soul singer Phyllis Hyman committs suicide by overdosing

In June 1995, Hyman committed suicide by overdosing on pentobarbital and secobarbital in the bedroom of her New York City apartment. She was found unconscious at 2:00 p.m., hours before she was scheduled to perform at the Apollo Theater, and died three hours later at St. Lukes-Roosevelt Hospital.


American swimmer Michael Phelps is born

Michael Phelps is American competition swimmer and the most successful swimmer on the planet. He’s holding the record for Olympic medals with 28. He’s also holding the record for 23 gold Olympic medals. During his career, Phelps gained few nicknames as "Flying Fish" or "The Baltimore Bullet".

Anita Ward starts a two week run at #1 on the US singles chart

"Ring My Bell" is a 1979 disco song written by Frederick Knight. When Lattisaw signed with a different label, Anita Ward was asked to sing it instead, and it became her only major hit. Ward's single hit number one on the disco charts."Ring My Bell" went to number 1 on both the Billboard Hot 100 chart and the Soul Singles chart.

Harrison knocks McCartney from the top of the US singles chart

Give Me Love is a song by George Harrison, released as the opening track of his 1973 album Living in the Material World. It was also issued as the album's lead single, in May that year, and became Harrison's second US number 1, after "My Sweet Lord". In doing so, the song demoted Paul McCartney and Wings' "My Love" from the top of the Billboard Hot 100.

Leap second is used for the first time

The universal world’s time was increased by one second in order to keep the super-accurate atomic clock in step with the Earth's rotation. The rotation is not regular and one day measured by atomic clock is slightly shorter than the average solar day. Hence it is sometimes necessary to correct this difference. As of June 2018, the lead second had to be added 27 times.

"Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory" is released in the US

Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory is a 1971 American musical fantasy film directed by Mel Stuart, and starring Gene Wilder as Willy Wonka. It is an adaptation of the 1964 novel Charlie and the Chocolate Factory by Roald Dahl. The film was released by Paramount Pictures in June 1971. The film received generally positive reviews.

New York Times and Washington Post are freed

New York Times Co. v. United States, 403 U.S. 713, was a landmark decision by the US Supreme Court on the First Amendment. The ruling made it possible for The New York Times and The Washington Post newspapers to publish the then-classified Pentagon Papers without risk of government censorship or punishment.


American boxer and actor Mike Tyson is born

Michael Tyson is an American former professional boxer best known for his ferocious aggressive boxing style. In a famous match against Evander Holyfield bit off part of his rival’s ear and earned nickname „Animal“. He also has some cameo appearances in film and television.

The first Chevrolet Corvette rolls off the assembly line

In the Chevrolet factory in a city of Flint, Michigan was assembled first Chevrolet Corvette sports car. This car became one of the most popular American cars ever and till this time Chevrolet introduced seven generations of Corvette.

Jazz bassist Stanley Clarke is born

Stanley Clarke is an American bassist and founding member of Return to Forever, one of the first jazz fusion bands. He has composed music for films and television and has worked with musicians in many genres. Like Jaco Pastorius, Clarke gave the bass guitar a prominence it lacked.

Bell Labs publicly demonstrates the first point-contact transistor

The transistor was publicly announced at a press conference in New York and it was named by electrical engineer John Pierce. Bell Labs chemists Gordon Teal and Morgan Sparks had successfully produced a working bipolar NPN junction amplifying germanium transistor.

American oceanographer Robert Ballard is born

He conducted over 120 sea expeditions, including the discovery of the deep-sea wreck of R. M. S. Titanic. He also explored the wrecks of the Bismarck, Lusitania and Britannic. Ballard discovered deep-sea thermal vents off the Galápagos Islands, full of strange life-forms. He investigated the “black smokers,” underwater volcanoes in the Pacific Rise as well.

"Gone with the Wind" by Margaret Mitchell is published

Gone with the Wind is a novel by American writer Margaret Mitchell, first published in 1936. The story is set in Clayton County and Atlanta, both in Georgia, during the American Civil War and Reconstruction Era. It was popular with American readers from the outset and was the top American fiction bestseller in 1936 and 1937.

The Night of the Long Knives

The Night of the Long Knives, or the Röhm Purge, also called Operation Hummingbird was a purge that took place in Nazi Germany from June 30 to July 2, 1934, when Adolf Hitler, urged on by Hermann Göring and Heinrich Himmler, carried out a series of political extrajudicial executions intended to consolidate his hold on power in Germany, as well as to alleviate the concerns of the German military about the role of Ernst Röhm and the Sturmabteilung (SA), the Nazis' own mass paramilitary organization. Nazi propaganda presented the murders as a preventive measure against an alleged imminent coup by the SA under Röhm - the so-called Röhm putsch.

American biochemist Paul Berg is born

He is known for his research of the recombinant-DNA. Recombinant DNA molecules are created in a laboratory to bring together genetic material from multiple sources, creating sequences that would not otherwise be found in the genomes of living organisms. Today, recombinant proteins and other products are found in essentially every pharmacy.

The U.S. patent for Transmitting Pictures over Wireless is granted

Jenkins moved on to work on television. He published an article on "Motion Pictures by Wireless" in 1913, but it was not until December 1923 that he transmitted moving silhouette images for witnesses, and it was in June 1925 that he publicly demonstrated synchronized transmission of pictures and sound. He was granted the U.S. patent No. 1,544,156.

The Tunguska event occurs in remote Siberia

The Tunguska event was a large explosion that occurred near the Stony Tunguska River in Yeniseysk Governorate, Russia, on the morning in June 1908. The explosion over the sparsely populated Eastern Siberian Taiga flattened 2,000 square kilometers of forest, yet caused no known human casualties.

Famous discussion about evolution takes place

The main protagonists were biologist Thomas Huxley and Christian priest Samuel Wilberforce. Wilberforce asked Huxley whether it was through his grandfather or his grandmother that he claimed his descent from a monkey. Huxley replied that he would not be ashamed to have a monkey for his ancestor, but he would be ashamed to be connected with a man who used his great gifts to obscure the truth.

Anniversaries of famous