Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar


The Austrian Grand Prix runs in Spielberg

The Austrian Grand Prix returned to the Formula One calendar in 2014. It is the ninth round of the 2018 FIA Formula One World Championship and marks the thirty-second running of the Austrian Grand Prix as a round of the Formula One World Championship since the series inception in 1950.

Drug-related shooting in Mexico

Mexican police said they had killed 19 gunmen in a shootout in the northern state of Sinaloa. Five police officers were injured in the confrontation. The region has seen fierce in-fighting in the powerful Sinaloa drugs cartel since the arrest of its leader, Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán, last year.

Lu Wei has unexpectedly stepped down

Lu stepped down from his post at the Cyberspace Administration of China for unknown reasons. His departure was somewhat shocking because he had become a very visible member of Xi Jinping's inner circle. While Lu remained a deputy head of the propaganda department, he relinquished all other titles of import.

Greece defaults on debt to the IMF

The move came hours after the country made a desperate attempt Tuesday to halt its plunge into economic chaos by requesting a new European bailout. Greece asked for a two-year bailout from Europe, its third in six years. The bankrupt country is reported to be asking for 29 billion euros.

US and Cuba announce agreement to re-open embassies

John Kerry formally reopened the US embassy in Cuba with a flag-raising ceremony. It was the first visit to Cuba by a US secretary of state since 1945, and the ceremony at the newly recommissioned US embassy in the Cuban capital marked the return of an American presence to a building the US had vacated in 1961.

Jennifer Love Hewitt joins the cast of Criminal Minds

The entire main cast returned for the season, except Jeanne Tripplehorn, who left the show in the season nine finale. It was announced that Jennifer Love Hewitt would join the show as a series regular, playing Kate Callahan, a former undercover FBI agent whose exceptional work lands her a job with the Behavioral Analysis Unit.

Demonstrations occur in Egypt

Millions of Egyptians filled streets of Egypt on Sunday calling for the departure of Mohamed Morsi, hours after the president told the Guardian he would not resign. A year to the day after Morsi's inauguration as Egypt's first democratically elected president, up to 500,000 protesters swelled Cairo's Tahrir Square calling for Morsi's removal.


Spain records one of the most dominant final victories ever

Spain successfully defended their title with a 4–0 win over Italy, becoming the first team to win two consecutive European Championships, and the first team to win three consecutive major tournaments. It was the greatest margin of victory in the history of the European Championship finals.

Maria Shriver files for divorce from Arnold Schwarzenegger

Shriver and Schwarzenegger ended their relationship after 25 years of marriage, with Shriver moving out of the couple's Brentwood mansion. The Los Angeles Times revealed that Schwarzenegger had fathered a son more than 14 years earlier with an employee in their household, Mildred Patricia "Patty" Baena.

Animated film "Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs" is released

Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs is an American computer-animated comedy adventure film produced by Blue Sky Studios and distributed by 20th Century Fox. It is the third installment in the Ice Age series and the sequel to Ice Age: The Meltdown. The story has Sid the Sloth being taken by a female Tyrannosaurus after stealing her eggs.

WarCraft III: The Frozen Throne is released

Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne is the expansion pack to Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos, a real-time strategy video game by Blizzard Entertainment. It includes new units for each race, two new auxiliary races, four campaigns, neutral heroes, the ability to build a shop and other improvements such as the ability to queue upgrades.

The Øresund Bridge opens for traffic

The Øresund or Öresund Bridge is a combined railway and motorway bridge across the Øresund strait between Sweden and Denmark. The bridge runs nearly 8 kilometers from the Swedish coast to the artificial island Peberholm in the middle of the strait.

Hong Kong reverts to Chinese rule

The transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to China is referred to as "the Handover" internationally or "the Return" in Mainland China The landmark event marked the end of British administration in Hong Kong, and is often regarded as marking the end of the British Empire.

Space Shuttle Columbia is launched

Shuttle flight STS-93 was the Columbia’s 23rd mission. Main payload was a collection of experiments inside a European Spacelab Long Module. STS-94 was flown by the same crew that flew STS-83, the only time in the history of human spaceflight that two missions with more than one crewmember had the same crew.

Yasser Arafat returns from 27-year exile

Yasser Arafat returned to Palestine, settling in Gaza City and promoting self-governance for the Palestinian territories. He engaged in a series of negotiations with the Israeli government to end the conflict between it and the PLO. These included the Madrid Conference, the Oslo Accords, and the Camp David Summit.

"Dragonfly in Amber" is published

Dragonfly in Amber is the second book in the Outlander series of novels by Diana Gabaldon. Centered on time-traveling 20th-century nurse Claire Randall and her 18th century Scottish Highlander warrior husband Jamie Fraser, the books contain elements of historical fiction, romance, adventure, and science fiction/fantasy.

Duke Nukem is released

Duke Nukem is a video game series named for its protagonist Duke Nukem. The original game was released as Duke Nukem as a two-dimensional platform game, which was IBM PC compatible and featured 320×200, 16-color EGA graphics with vertical and horizontal scrolling. The original game had three episodes, the first distributed as shareware.

"Terminator 2: Judgement Day" premieres at Century City

Terminator 2: Judgment Day is an American science-fiction action film co-written, produced and directed by James Cameron. The film stars Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, Robert Patrick, and Edward Furlong as its principal cast. It is the sequel to the 1984 film The Terminator, and the second installment in the Terminator franchise.

East Germany adopts Deutsche Mark before reunification

The Deutsche Mark played an important role in the reunification of Germany. It was introduced as the official currency of East Germany in 1990, replacing the East German mark, in preparation for the unification. East German marks were exchanged for German marks at a rate of 1:1 for the first 4000 marks and 2:1 for larger amounts.

Sony introduces the Walkman

The original Walkman cassette player by Sony changed music listening habits by allowing people to listen to their music whilst on the move. This could turn everyday tasks like commuting and running into pleasurable experiences, give commuters a sense of privacy, and add a soundtrack to urban surroundings.

Actress-model Liv Tyler is born

Liv Rundgren Tyler is an American actress and former model. Tyler began a career in modeling at the age of 14, but, after less than a year, she decided to focus on acting. After her film debut Silent Fall, she appeared in supporting roles in Empire Records, Heavy and That Thing You Do!


Footballer Ruud Van Nistelrooy is born

Ruud van Nistelrooy is a retired Dutch footballer and a current manager for the PSV youth team. A former striker, he is the fourth-highest goalscorer in UEFA Champions League history with 56 goals. He is a three-time Champions League top scorer, as well as a top scorer in three different European domestic leagues.

Laurens Hammond, the inventor of the Hammond organ, dies

Laurens Hammond was an American engineer and inventor. His inventions include, most famously, the Hammond organ, the Hammond clock, and the world's first polyphonic musical synthesizer, the Novachord. During his life, he held 110 patents. He was married to Roxana Scoville and had one daughter. He died in Cornwall, Connecticut, aged 78.

Neil Diamond goes to #1 on the US singles chart

"Song Sung Blue" is a hit song written and recorded by Neil Diamond, inspired by the second movement of Mozart's Piano Concerto #21. The song was released on Diamond's album, Moods. It was his second No. 1 hit on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in the United States and to date his last solo #1 song.

Britain’s first colour broadcast takes place

The British Broadcasting Corporation is a British public service broadcaster. Its headquarters are at Broadcasting House in Westminster, London and it is the world's oldest national broadcasting organization. Regular color TV transmissions, 625 lines, began on BBC2 in 1967, the first colored broadcast being the Wimbledon tennis championships.

Beatles record "She Loves You" & "I'll Get You"

"She Loves You" is a song written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney and recorded by English rock group the Beatles for release as a single in 1963. The single set and surpassed several records in the UK charts, and set a record in the United States as one of the five Beatles songs that held the top five positions in the charts simultaneously.

Princess of Wales Diana Spencer is born

Diana, Princess of Wales, was a member of the British royal family as the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, who is the eldest child and heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II. After their divorce, the attention of media was caught by her death in a car crash in a Paris tunnel on 31 August 1997.

Elvis Presley appears on The Steve Allen Show

Steve Allen smirkingly presented Elvis with a roll that looked exactly like a large roll of toilet paper with the signatures of eight thousand fans, and the singer had to wear a tuxedo while singing an abbreviated version of "Hound Dog" to an actual top hat-wearing Basset Hound.

The US drops atom bomb on Bikini atoll

The bomb was named Gilda after Rita Hayworth's character in the 1946 film Gilda, and was dropped from the B-29 Superfortress Dave's Dream of the 509th Bombardment Group. It detonated 520 feet (158 m) above the target fleet and caused less than the expected amount of ship damage because it missed its aim point by 2,130 feet (649 m).

Singer Deborah „Debbie“ Harry is born

Deborah Ann Harry is an American singer, songwriter, and actress, known as the lead singer of the new wave band Blondie. Her recordings with the band reached the number-one position in the United States and the United Kingdom on many occasions. She is considered the first rapper to chart at number one in the U.S. owing to her work on "Rapture".

First automated bread factory opens

Ward Baking Company put a fully automated bread factory into operation. It spewed out hundreds of loaves of bread untouched by human hands. All the mixing and moving and wrapping were done in a production line that predated the one made famous by Henry Ford.

Albert Einstein introduces his theory of relativity

Albert Einstein published the theory of special relativity in 1905, building on many theoretical results and empirical findings obtained by Albert A. Michelson, Hendrik Lorentz, Henri Poincaré and others. Max Planck, Hermann Minkowski, and others did subsequent work.


The first Tour de France bicycle race begins

The Tour de France is an annual multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries. The race was first organized in 1903 to increase sales for the newspaper L'Auto, which is currently run by the Amaury Sport Organisation.

French aviation pioneer Louis Blériot is born

Already a successful inventor of automobile lights and accessories, Blériot devoted his life to aviation. Following experiments with gliders and light-engine airplanes of various designs, Blériot flew across the English Channel for the first time in history. Doing so, he won a prize of £1 000 offered by the Daily Mail newspaper.

The Civil War Battle of Gettysburg begins

The Battle of Gettysburg was fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War. The battle involved the largest number of casualties of the entire war and is often described as the war's turning point.

Evolutionary theory is published for the first time

Many people don’t know that evolution was discovered not only by Charles Darwin but also by Welsh naturalist Alfred Wallace. Wallace had independently developed a theory which was almost identical to Darwin's. The theory was published at the meeting of the Linnaean Society in London. Neither Darwin nor Wallace were present.

German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz is born

Leibnitz invented the calculus independently of Isaac Newton. It is not sure who was first. The question had been the cause of a major intellectual controversy in the history of science. Leibnitz made significant contributions to many other fields of science. His notation of the infinitely small changes is still in use today.

Anniversaries of famous