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Flashback calendar

Lu Wei has unexpectedly stepped down

Lu stepped down from his post at the Cyberspace Administration of China for unknown reasons. His departure was somewhat shocking because he had become a very visible member of Xi Jinping's inner circle. While Lu remained a deputy head of the propaganda department, he relinquished all other titles of import.

Greece defaults on debt to the IMF

The move came hours after the country made a desperate attempt Tuesday to halt its plunge into economic chaos by requesting a new European bailout. Greece asked for a two-year bailout from Europe, its third in six years. The bankrupt country is reported to be asking for 29 billion euros.

US and Cuba announce agreement to re-open embassies

John Kerry formally reopened the US embassy in Cuba with a flag-raising ceremony. It was the first visit to Cuba by a US secretary of state since 1945, and the ceremony at the newly recommissioned US embassy in the Cuban capital marked the return of an American presence to a building the US had vacated in 1961.

Demonstrations occur in Egypt

Millions of Egyptians filled streets of Egypt on Sunday calling for the departure of Mohamed Morsi, hours after the president told the Guardian he would not resign. A year to the day after Morsi's inauguration as Egypt's first democratically elected president, up to 500,000 protesters swelled Cairo's Tahrir Square calling for Morsi's removal.

Hong Kong reverts to Chinese rule

The transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to China is referred to as "the Handover" internationally or "the Return" in Mainland China The landmark event marked the end of British administration in Hong Kong, and is often regarded as marking the end of the British Empire.

Yasser Arafat returns from 27-year exile

Yasser Arafat returned to Palestine, settling in Gaza City and promoting self-governance for the Palestinian territories. He engaged in a series of negotiations with the Israeli government to end the conflict between it and the PLO. These included the Madrid Conference, the Oslo Accords, and the Camp David Summit.

The Warsaw Pact is officially dissolved at a meeting in Prague

In 1991, in Prague, the Czechoslovak President Václav Havel formally ended the 1955 Warsaw Treaty Organization of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance and so disestablished the Warsaw Treaty after 36 years of military alliance with the USSR.

East Germany adopts Deutsche Mark before reunification

The Deutsche Mark played an important role in the reunification of Germany. It was introduced as the official currency of East Germany in 1990, replacing the East German mark, in preparation for the unification. East German marks were exchanged for German marks at a rate of 1:1 for the first 4000 marks and 2:1 for larger amounts.

"O Canada" officially becomes the national anthem of Canada

"O Canada" is the national anthem of Canada. The song was originally commissioned by Lieutenant Governor of Quebec Théodore Robitaille for the 1880 Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day ceremony; Calixa Lavallée composed the music, after which, words were written by the poet and judge Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier.

Sony introduces the Walkman

The original Walkman cassette player by Sony changed music listening habits by allowing people to listen to their music whilst on the move. This could turn everyday tasks like commuting and running into pleasurable experiences, give commuters a sense of privacy, and add a soundtrack to urban surroundings.

The first Gay pride march in England takes place

Pride has been organised by several organisations since the first official UK Gay Pride Rally which was held in London in 1972 with approximately 2,000 participants. The first marches took place in 1970 with 150 men walking through Highbury Fields in North London.

Investiture of the Prince of Wales is held

Charles was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester in 1958, though his investiture was not held until 1969, when he was crowned by his mother in a televised ceremony held at Caernarfon Castle. He took his seat in the House of Lords in 1970, and he made his maiden speech at a debate in 1974.

Britain’s first colour broadcast takes place

The British Broadcasting Corporation is a British public service broadcaster. Its headquarters are at Broadcasting House in Westminster, London and it is the world's oldest national broadcasting organization. Regular color TV transmissions, 625 lines, began on BBC2 in 1967, the first colored broadcast being the Wimbledon tennis championships.

First automated bread factory opens

Ward Baking Company put a fully automated bread factory into operation. It spewed out hundreds of loaves of bread untouched by human hands. All the mixing and moving and wrapping were done in a production line that predated the one made famous by Henry Ford.

The Civil War Battle of Gettysburg begins

The Battle of Gettysburg was fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War. The battle involved the largest number of casualties of the entire war and is often described as the war's turning point.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

died 1212 BC

Ramesses II

born 1970

Joni Ernst