Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Berlin Fashion Week begins

Berlin Fashion Week is a held twice annually, in January and July. It features young international talents and also different trade fairs. The leading exhibitions are Premium Exhibitions, Panorama Berlin, MBFW, Bright Trade Show, Show & Order, Selvedge Run, Seek and Der Berliner Salon.

Bavarian bus crashes

Eighteen people died when their tour bus collided with a lorry and burst into flames on the A9 motorway in southern Germany. Another 30 on the bus were hurt and two of them were fighting for their lives. The bus was carrying a group of German pensioners at the time of the fire near Stammbach in northern Bavaria.

Tony Hadley says he had left Spandau Ballet

Tony Hadley rose to fame in the 1980s as the lead singer of the new wave band Spandau Ballet before launching a solo career. In 2017, Hadley announced on Twitter that due to circumstances beyond his control, he was no longer a member of Spandau Ballet.

Karrada bombing

ISIS militants carried out coordinated bomb attacks in Baghdad that killed nearly 400 civilians and injured hundreds more. A few minutes after midnight local time, a suicide truck-bomb targeted the mainly Shia district of Karrada, busy with late night shoppers for Ramadan.

Giant's Causeway Visitors' Centre is opened

The new visitor center was officially opened by First Minister Peter Robinson and Deputy First Minister Martin McGuinness. Since opening, the new visitor center has garnered very mixed reviews from those visiting the Causeway for its pricing, design, contents, and placement across the causeway walk descent.


Antonio Esfandiari wins a record $18.3M in poker

Antonio "The Magician" Esfandiari, a professional poker player and former professional magician, has won two World Poker Tour championships and three World Series of Poker bracelets in his career, including the "Big One for One Drop" in 2012, a $1,000,000 buy-in tournament with a cash prize over $18 million benefiting the One Drop Foundation.

Sarah Palin shocks America with resignation in Alaska

The resignation of Sarah Palin as Governor of Alaska, after 2.5 years of her 4-year term, became effective on July 26. Lieutenant Governor Sean Parnell succeeded Sarah Palin as Governor. Parnell was later elected to a full term, in November 2010.

Kylie Minogue receives an OBE

Kylie Ann Minogue is an Australian-British singer and actress. Minogue was officially invested by The Prince of Wales as an Officer of the Order of the British Empire. She was also appointed by the French government as a Chevalier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres for her contribution to the enrichment of French culture.

Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos was released

Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos is a high fantasy real-time strategy video game developed and published by Blizzard Entertainment. It is the second sequel to Warcraft: Orcs & Humans, and it is the third game set in the Warcraft fictional universe. Warcraft III contains four playable races: Human, Orcs, Night Elves and Undead.


Sol Campbell moves from Tottenham Hotspur to Arsenal

Several top continental clubs expressed interest in signing him, but he joined Arsenal on a free transfer. Campbell had previously stated in an interview with Spurs Monthly magazine that he would never play for Arsenal. The move was also unusual as no rumors of a move to Arsenal had been leaked or speculated upon in the media.


Hagi announces himself to the world with a masterclass

Romania deserved their victory because they produced three superlative goals to a debatable penalty and a late consolation. In the second half especially Argentina was clearly fitter and less tired, but still had no answer to the class and penetration of Hagi and Dumitrescu.

"Batman" sets record of quickest $100 million

Batman is an American superhero film directed by Tim Burton and produced by Jon Peters and Peter Guber, based on the DC Comics character of the same name. It is the first installment of Warner Bros.' initial Batman film series. The film stars Michael Keaton as Bruce Wayne/Batman and Jack Nicholson as the Joker.

US warship shoots down 290 people in Iranian airliner

Iran Air Flight 655, a scheduled civilian passenger flight from Tehran to Dubai, was shot down by an SM-2MR surface-to-air missile fired from USS Vincennes, a guided missile cruiser of the United States Navy. The aircraft, an Airbus A300, was destroyed and all 290 people on board including 66 children were killed.

First transatlantic hot-air balloon crossing

British millionaire Richard Branson and Swedish aeronautical engineer Per Lindstrand became the first people to cross the Atlantic by hot-air balloon, called Virgin Atlantic Flyer. At the time, the balloon was the largest ever flown. It had 65 thousand cubic meters of capacity. Branson and Lindstrand travelled 4667 from Sugarloaf Mountain, Maine, to Scottish coast in 33 hours.


Sebastian Vettel is born

Sebastian Vettel is a German racing driver currently driving in Formula One for Scuderia Ferrari. He is a four-time Formula One World Champion, having won the championship in 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 with Red Bull Racing, therefore being among the most successful F1 drivers of all time.

"Back to the Future" is released

Back to the Future is an American science fiction film directed by Robert Zemeckis and written by Zemeckis and Bob Gale. It stars Michael J. Fox as teenager Marty McFly, who accidentally travels back in time to 1955, where he meets his future parents and becomes his mother's romantic interest.

Jim Morrison of the Doors is found dead in a bathtub

Jim Morrison died on at age 27. He was found by Courson in a bathtub at his apartment. The official cause of death was listed as heart failure, although no autopsy was performed, as it was not required by French law. His death was two years to the day after the death of Rolling Stones guitarist Brian Jones.

Brian Jones dies

Jones was discovered motionless at the bottom of his swimming pool at Cotchford Farm. By the time the doctors arrived, it was too late and he was pronounced dead. The coroner's report stated "death by misadventure" and noted his liver and heart were heavily enlarged by drug and alcohol abuse.

The Equals are at #1 on the UK singles chart

"Baby Come Back" was first released in 1966, a year after the band formed, but did not chart. However, after impressive sales in the rest of Europe, the song was re-issued in the UK and reached #1 in the UK Singles Chart, spending three weeks there.

Crosby, Stills and Nash play together for the first time

At a party in July 1968 at Joni Mitchell's house, Nash asked Stills and Crosby to repeat their performance of a new song by Stills, "You Don't Have To Cry", with Nash improvising a third part harmony. The vocals gelled, and the three realized that they had a very good vocal chemistry.

Voice actress Yeardley Smith is born

Martha Maria Yeardley Smith is an American actress, voice actress, comedian and writer best known for her long-running role as Lisa Simpson on the animated television series The Simpsons. She was born in Paris and moved with her family to Washington, D.C., in 1966. As a child, Smith was often teased because of her voice.

Algeria becomes independent after 132 years of French rule

The war against French rule concluded in 1962 when Algeria gained complete independence following the Evian agreements and the self-determination referendum. Algeria's first president was the Front de Libération Nationale leader Ahmed Ben Bella.

Actor Tom Cruise is born

Thomas Cruise is an American actor and producer. He has been nominated for three Academy Awards and has won three Golden Globe Awards. He started his career at age 19 in the film Endless Love. Since 1996, Cruise has been well known for his role as IMF agent Ethan Hunt in the Mission: Impossible film series.

Musician Vince Clarke is born

Vince Clarke is an English synthpop musician and songwriter. Clarke has been the main composer and musician of the band Erasure since 1985 and was previously the main songwriter of several groups, including Depeche Mode, Yazoo, and The Assembly.

"Andy Williams Show" premieres on ABC

When the show first started, it was tailored to Williams's pop music stylings aimed for adult viewers. During its five-year run on NBC, The Andy Williams Show drew respectable ratings, although it never made the list of the top thirty programs.

Steam locomotive Mallard sets world's speed record 203 km/h

Mallard is the holder of the world speed record for steam locomotives at 203 km/h. The record was achieved on the slight downward grade of Stoke Bank south of Grantham on the East Coast Main Line, and the highest speed was recorded at milepost 90¼, between Little Bytham and Essendine.

French engineer André Citroën dies

He introduced Henry Ford's methods of mass production to the European industry. In 1908 he helped the Mors automobile firm increase its production from 125 cars to 1 200 cars per year. In the WW1 Citroën mass-produced munitions. After the war he converted his original arms factory into a plant to mass-produce a small, inexpensive automobile.

The first public demonstration of a television transmission

In 1928 the Baird Television Development Company achieved the first transatlantic television transmission. Baird's early technological successes and his role in the practical introduction of broadcast television for home entertainment have earned him a prominent place in television's history.

Karl Benz drives first automobile

Karl Friedrich Benz was a German engine designer and automobile engineer. His Benz Patent Motorcar from 1885 is considered the first practical automobile. The first successful tests on public roads were carried out in the early summer of 1886.

Polish-American philosopher Alfred Korzybski is born

He pioneered the general semantics, a linguistic philosophy that attempts to increase humanity's capacity to transmit ideas from generation to generation (what Korzybski called man's "time-binding capacity") through the study of human use of the language. His best-known thought is "The map is not the territory."

Battle of Gettysburg ends in a major victory for the Union

The Battle of Gettysburg was fought for 3 days in July, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War. Union Maj. Gen. George Meade's Army of the Potomac defeated attacks by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, halting Lee's invasion of the North.

Composer Leoš Janáček is born

Leoš Janáček was a Czech composer, musical theorist, folklorist, publicist, and teacher. He was inspired by Moravian and other Slavic folk music to create an original, modern musical style. His later, mature works incorporate his earlier studies of national folk music in a modern, highly original synthesis, first evident in the opera Jenůfa.

First savings bank in the U.S. opens

The first chartered savings bank in the United States was the Provident Institution for Savings in the Town of Boston. The Philadelphia Savings Fund Society began business the same year but was not incorporated until 1819.

Anniversaries of famous