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Flashback calendar

The Juno space probe arrives at Jupiter

Juno is a NASA space probe orbiting the planet Jupiter. It was built by Lockheed Martin and is operated by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The spacecraft was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in 2011, as part of the New Frontiers program, and entered a polar orbit of Jupiter in 2016, to begin a scientific investigation of the planet.


2015 FIFA Women's World Cup Final

The United States won 5–2, winning its first title in sixteen years. The stakes were high for both sides in this year's finals: if the United States won the match, it would be the only country to have won in three Women's World Cup finals; if Japan had won instead, then it would be the first soccer team to win twice under the same coach.

Damon Albarn is removed from the stage after refusing to stop performing

The set - which overran until 04:00 - included covers of Randy Newman and reinterpretations of Gorillaz tracks. "You want more, we're going to give you more," the singer declared before a man, thought to be the stage manager, emerged, put the singer's jacket over his shoulders and lifted him off stage.

Volkswagen swallows Porsche for €4.5bn

Volkswagen AG announced a deal with Porsche SE, resulting in VW's full ownership of Porsche AG. The deal was classified as a restructuring rather than a takeover due to the transfer of a single share as part of the deal. Volkswagen AG paid Porsche AG shareholders $5.61 billion for the remaining 50.1% it did not own.

London's Shard is inaugurated as the tallest building in Europe

The Shard is a 95-story skyscraper, designed by the Italian architect Renzo Piano, in Southwark, London, that forms part of the Shard Quarter development. Standing 309.7 meters high, the Shard is the tallest building in the United Kingdom, the tallest building in the European Union, and the 96th-tallest building in the world.

Gotye and Kimbra release 'Somebody That I Used to Know'

"Somebody That I Used to Know" is a song written by Belgian-Australian singer-songwriter Gotye, featuring New Zealander singer Kimbra. The song was released as the second single from Gotye's third studio album, Making Mirrors.


Roger Federer beats Andy Roddick for a record 15th Grand Slam title

A significant part of the Federer–Roddick rivalry, the match pitted five-time champion Roger Federer against American Andy Roddick for the third time in a Wimbledon final and the fourth time in a Grand Slam final. After 4 hours and 17 minutes, Federer won 5–7, 7–6(8–6), 7–6(7–5), 3–6, 16–14.

Ürümqi riots

The Ürümqi riots were a series of violent riots over several days that broke out in Ürümqi, the capital of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, in northwestern People's Republic of China. The first day's rioting, which involved at least 1,000 Uyghurs, began as a protest but escalated into violent attacks that mainly targeted Han Chinese people.

Johnny Cash makes his last ever live performance

Cash continued to record, completing 60 more songs in the last four months of his life and even performed a couple of surprise shows at the Carter Family Fold outside Bristol, Virginia. At his last public performance, before singing "Ring of Fire", Cash read a statement about his late wife that he had written shortly before taking the stage.

Reality show Big Brother premieres in the US

Big Brother 1 was the debut season of the American reality television series Big Brother. It was based upon the Netherlands series of the same name. The series lasted for a total of 88 days. The season concluded after 88 days with Eddie McGee being crowned the winner, and Josh Souza the runner-up.

U.S. President Bill Clinton imposes trade and economic sanctions against the Taliban

After recalling resolutions 1189, 1193 and 1214 on the situation in Afghanistan, the Council designated Osama bin Laden and associates as terrorists and established a sanctions regime to cover individuals and entities associated with Al-Qaida, Osama bin Laden and/or the Taliban wherever located.

The Eurythmics announce their Peacetour

The band embarked on a world tour, dubbed the "Peacetour", to support the album. The tour started in September at Cologne's Kölnarena and ended in December at the London Docklands Arena. All proceeds from the tour went to Greenpeace and Amnesty International.

Mars buggy starts exploring Red Planet

Mars Pathfinder is an American robotic spacecraft that landed a base station with a roving probe on Mars in 1997. It consisted of a lander, renamed the Carl Sagan Memorial Station, and a lightweight wheeled robotic Mars rover named Sojourner, which became the first rover to operate outside the Earth-Moon system.


Hingis becomes the youngest Wimbledon singles champion

Martina Hingis defeated Jana Novotná in the final, 2–6, 6–3, 6–3 to win the Ladies' Singles tennis title at the 1997 Wimbledon Championships. At 16 years and 278 days old, Hingis became the youngest person to win the Wimbledon singles title since Lottie Dod in 1887.

Amazon company is founded by Jeff Bezos

Amazon.com, Inc. is an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company based in Seattle, Washington that was founded by Jeff Bezos. The tech giant is the largest Internet retailer in the world as measured by revenue and market capitalization, and second largest after Alibaba Group in terms of total sales.


Steffi Graf's record run of 13 consecutive Grand Slam finals is over

At Wimbledon, Graf lost in the semifinals to Zina Garrison, who with this victory broke Graf's string of 13 consecutive Major finals. This was a major upset as Garrison had to save a match point to defeat Monica Seles in the quarterfinal, and was expected to easily fall to Graf, whom she had not beaten in 4 years.


Mark McGwire's gets 100th HR

Mark David McGwire, nicknamed Big Mac, is an American former professional baseball player and currently a bench coach in Major League Baseball. As a first baseman, his MLB career spanned from 1986, through 1989 when he's got his 100th home run, to 2001 while playing for the Oakland Athletics and the St. Louis Cardinals.


Napoli present Diego Maradona to a crowd

Maradona arrived in Naples and was presented to the world media as a Napoli player at the Stadio San Paolo, where he was welcomed by 75,000 fans. At Napoli, Maradona reached the peak of his professional career: he soon inherited the captain's armband and quickly became an adored star among the club's fans.


Björn Borg defeats John McEnroe

The 1980 Wimbledon Men's Singles final was the championship tennis match of the Men's Singles tournament at the Wimbledon Championship. In the final, Björn Borg defeated John McEnroe 1–6, 7–5, 6–3, 6–7(16–18), 8–6 to win the match. It was regarded at the time as the greatest match ever played.


Ashe's Wimbledon win makes history

In the first all-American Wimbledon final since 1947, Ashe seeded sixth and just a few days short of his 32nd birthday, won Wimbledon at his ninth attempt, defeating the overwhelming favourite and defending champion, Jimmy Connors. Ashe played an almost perfect game of tactical tennis to win in four sets.

Nixon seals voting age reduction from 21 to 18

President Richard Nixon signed an extension of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 that required the voting age to be 18 in all federal, state, and local elections. Subsequently, Oregon and Texas challenged the law in court, and the case came before the Supreme Court in 1970 as Oregon v. Mitchell.

Air Canada Flight 621 crashes

The Air Canada Flight 621 crash near Toronto Pearson International Airport took place when an Air Canada Douglas DC-8, registered as CF-TIW, was attempting to land. It was flying on a Montreal–Toronto–Los Angeles route. All 100 passengers and 9 crew on board were killed, and at the time it was Canada's second deadliest aviation accident.

Rolling Stones play a free concert in London's Hyde Park

It was the Stones' first public concert in over two years and was planned as an introduction of a new guitarist, Mick Taylor, though circumstances inevitably changed following the death of former member Brian Jones. The band rehearsed at the Beatles' studio in the basement of Savile Row, and Jagger and Richards came up with a 14-song set.

Hollywood megastars Frank Sinatra and Ava Gardner split

Sinatra was married to Hollywood actress Ava Gardner from 1951 to 1957. It was a turbulent marriage with many well-publicized fights and altercations. Gardner filed for divorce in June 1954, at a time when she was dating matador Luis Miguel Dominguín, but the divorce was not settled until 1957.

The BBC broadcasts its first news bulletin

The BBC has broadcast its first daily television news programme. The 20-minute bulletin was introduced by Richard Baker as an "Illustrated summary of the news... Followed by the latest film of events and happenings at home and abroad."

Elvis Presley records his first single

"That's All Right" is a song written and originally performed by blues singer Arthur Crudup. It is best known as the first single recorded and released by Elvis Presley. It is #113 on the 2010 Rolling Stone magazine list of the "500 Greatest Songs of All Time".


Cleveland Indians rookie Larry Doby becomes 1st black player in AL

In July 1947, three months after Jackie Robinson made history with the Brooklyn Dodgers, Doby broke the MLB color barrier in the American League when he signed a contract to play with Bill Veeck's Cleveland Indians. Doby was the first player to go directly to the majors from the Negro leagues.

French engineer Louis Réard introduces the bikini

Réard was an automotive engineer by training but he had to take over his mother's lingerie business. One day on St. Tropez beaches, he noticed women rolling up the edges of their swimsuits to get a better tan. So, he designed a swimsuit with the midriff exposed. Similar garments are, however, known from the antiquity.

German forces begin an offensive against the Soviet Union

The Battle of Kursk was a Second World War engagement between German and Soviet forces on the Eastern Front near Kursk in the Soviet Union. The battle began with the launch of the German offensive, Operation Citadel, which had the objective of pinching off the Kursk salient with attacks on the base of the salient from north and south simultaneously.

American inventor Chester Greenwood dies

As a teenager, Greenwood loved skating. But he experienced cold ears. So, he put beaver fur pads on a wire and invented the earmuffs. He soon founded first earmuffs factory. Later he patented many other inventions. December 21, the first day of winter, is the official Chester Greenwood Day, or simply Earmuff Day.

Bloody Thursday

The 1934 West Coast Waterfront Strike began when longshoremen in every US West Coast port walked out. The strike peaked with the death of two workers on "Bloody Thursday" and the San Francisco General Strike which stopped all work in the major port city for four days and led ultimately to the settlement of the West Coast Longshoremen's Strike.


Red Sox Babe Ruth hits 2 HRs in a game for his first of 72 times

George Herman "Babe" Ruth Jr., an American professional baseball player whose career in Major League Baseball spanned 22 seasons, from 1914 through 1935, scored his first two home runs on July 5, and one in each of two consecutive games a week later raising his season total to 11, tying his career best from 1918.

Thomas Cook organises the first package excursion

Thomas Cook escorted around 500 people, who paid one shilling each for the return train journey, on his first excursion. During the following three summers he planned and conducted outings for local temperance societies and Sunday school children.

Venezuela declares independence from Spain

The territory now known as Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522 amid resistance from indigenous peoples. In 1811, it became one of the first Spanish-American territories to declare independence which was not securely established until ten years later, when Venezuela was a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia.

Isaac Newton's great work PRINCIPIA is published

Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica is a work in three books by Isaac Newton. The Principia states Newton's laws of motion, forming the foundation of classical mechanics; Newton's law of universal gravitation; and a derivation of Kepler's laws of planetary motion.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous