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Space Shuttle Columbia lands

Main mission goal was the preparation for Future flights of the International Space Station (ISS). The crew studied the effects of long-duration spaceflight on the human body in readiness for ISS expeditions. Astronauts carried out experiments similar to those later routinely conducted on the board of the ISS.

Space Shuttle Atlantis lands

The mission was part of the joint US-Russian Shuttle-Mir Program. Atlantis delivered a relief crew of two cosmonauts Anatoly Solovyev and Nikolai Budarin to the station and recovered one astronaut, Norman Thagard. It was the first docking of a space shuttle to a space station, and the first time a shuttle crew switched members with the crew of a station.

Soviet Union launches Phobos 1 to probe Martian moon

Phobos 1 was an unmanned Russian space probe of the Phobos Program launched from the Baikonur launch facility. Its intended mission was to explore Mars and its moons Phobos and Deimos. The mission failed when a computer malfunction caused the end-of-mission order to be transmitted to the spacecraft.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous