Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Festival of Cowboys music starts

The Festival of Cowboys is an annual music festival held every July in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, as a part of The Calgary Stampede event. The 2018 festival line-up will feature the following artists: Kygo, DJ Pauly D, Jon Pardi, Old Dominion, and Marshmello.


Spain beats the Netherlands for football's 19th World Cup

A football match that took place at Soccer City in Johannesburg, South Africa. Andres Iniesta scored four minutes from the end in extra time to give Spain World Cup glory for the first time but the Netherlands players were disappointed because of their third defeat in a final.

"Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix" is released

Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix is a fantasy film directed by David Yates and distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures. The film stars Daniel Radcliffe as Harry Potter, alongside Rupert Grint and Emma Watson as Harry's best friends Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger.

Mumbai train bombings

The 11 July 2006 Mumbai train bombings were a series of seven bomb blasts that took place over a period of 11 minutes on the Suburban Railway in Mumbai, the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the nation's financial capital. The bombs were set off in pressure cookers on trains plying on the suburban section of the Mumbai division of Western Railway. 209 people were killed and over 700 were injured.

Da Vinci robotic surgical system is approved in the U.S.

It was designed to facilitate complex surgery using a minimally invasive approach. The system is controlled by a surgeon from a console. It is commonly used for prostatectomies, and increasingly for cardiac valve repair and gynecologic surgical procedures. Da Vinci systems conduct around 200 000 surgeries a year.

Srebrenica massacre begins

Srebrenica massacre, slaying of more than 7,000 Bosnian Muslim boys and men committed by Bosnian Serb forces in Srebrenica under the command of General Ratko Mladić. Serbian forces separated the Bosniak civilians at Srebrenica, putting the women on buses. The women were raped or sexually assaulted.

Total solar eclipse is seen in Hawaii

Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometers wide. Totality began over the Pacific Ocean and Hawaii moving across Mexico, down through Central America and across South America ending over Brazil.

Legend of stage and screen Laurence Olivier dies at 82

After being ill for the last 22 years of his life, Olivier died of renal failure aged 82 at his home near Steyning, West Sussex. His cremation was held three days later, and a memorial service was held in Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey in October that year.

Model Joan Smalls is born

Puerto Rican model Joan Smalls-Rodriguez became the first Latina model to represent Estée Lauder cosmetics. In 2010, she began modeling for Victoria's Secret and was featured in the Victoria's Secret Fashion Show from 2011-2016. In 2013, she appeared in Beyoncé's "Yoncé" video.

Coca-Cola backs away from New Coke fiasco

By 1985, Coca-Cola had been losing market share to diet soft drinks and non-cola beverages for many years. Consumers who were purchasing regular colas seemed to prefer the sweeter taste of rival Pepsi-Cola, as Coca-Cola learned in conducting blind taste tests.


Marco Tardelli performs one of the most iconic goal celebrations

Coming after their 1934 and 1938 victories, Italy had now drawn level with record champions Brazil. Italy's Paolo Rossi won the Golden Boot as the tournament's top goalscorer and the Golden Ball as the tournament's best player. Captain and goalkeeper Dino Zoff at forty also became the oldest player to win the World Cup.

Skylab tumbles back to Earth

Skylab's demise in 1979 was an international media event, with T-shirts and hats with bullseyes and "Skylab Repellent" with a money-back guarantee, wagering on the time and place of re-entry, and nightly news reports. NASA calculated that the odds were 1 to 152 of debris hitting any human.

The discovery of the Terracotta army is announced

The army consisted of around 8 000 soldiers, 130 chariots, 700 horses and several non-military figures like officials, acrobats, strongmen and musicians. All figures were from 221 to 206 BC. The army was uncovered near the ancient capital of Xian. It was buried in in battle formation facing east to guard the tomb of China's first emperor, Qin Shi Huang.


Bobby Fischer vs. Boris Spassky

A match for the World Chess Championship in the Laugardalshöll arena in Reykjavík, between challenger Bobby Fischer of the U.S. and defending champion Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union. In this match, the chess match of politics went beyond the symbolic level and became an actual chess match.

"Mama Told Me Not To Come" hits #1 in the US singles chart

Three Dog Night released a longer, rock 'n roll and funk-inspired version on It Ain't Easy. This version had the same 3/4 by 2/4 time change as Eric Burdon's version and featured Cory Wells singing lead in an almost humorous vocal style, Jimmy Greenspoon playing a Wurlitzer electric piano, and Michael Allsup playing guitar.

David Bowie's major hit Space Oddity is released

"Space Oddity" is a song written and recorded by David Bowie. It was first released as a 7-inch single. It was also the opening track of his second studio album, David Bowie. It became one of Bowie's signature songs and one of four of his songs to be included in The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll.

Rolling Stones release "Honky Tonk Woman" in the United States

"Honky Tonk Women" is a hit song by the Rolling Stones. It was a single-only release. Thematically, a "honky tonk woman" refers to a dancing girl in a western bar who may work as a prostitute. The song topped the US Billboard Hot 100 for four weeks. It was later released on the compilation album Through the Past, Darkly (Big Hits Vol. 2).

Red Dwarf star Craig Charles is born

Craig Joseph Charles is a British actor, comedian, author, poet, television presenter and DJ. He is best known for playing Dave Lister in the science fiction sitcom Red Dwarf and Lloyd Mullaney in the soap opera Coronation Street, and as a funk and soul DJ on BBC Radio 6 Music and BBC Radio 2.

The Beatles appear live on the ABC Television program

The Beatles mimed live on ABC-TV's 'Lucky Stars (Summer Spin)'. They covered 'A Hard Day's Night', 'Long Tall Sally', 'Things We Said Today' and 'You Can't Do That'. No record of this broadcast is thought to exist.

The State of Katanga breaks away from DR Congo

The country’s richest province, Katanga, had declared itself independent as the State of Katanga, with Élisabethville as its capital under the leadership of Moise Tshombe. The Congo was plunged into a civil conflict that soon turned into a political and constitutional crisis.

"To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee is published

To Kill a Mockingbird is a novel by Harper Lee. It was immediately successful, winning the Pulitzer Prize, and has become a classic of modern American literature. The plot and characters are loosely based on Lee's observations of her family, her neighbors and an event that occurred near her hometown of Monroeville, Alabama.

Musician Suzanne Vega is born

Suzanne Nadine Vega is an American singer-songwriter, musician, and record producer, best known for her eclectic folk-inspired music. Vega's music career spans more than 30 years. She came to prominence in the mid-1980s, releasing four singles that entered the Top 40 charts in the UK during the 1980s and 1990s.

Musician Richie Sambora is born

Richard Stephen "Richie" Sambora is an American rock guitarist, singer, songwriter, and producer, best known as the lead guitarist of the rock band Bon Jovi for 30 years. Sambora and lead singer Jon Bon Jovi formed the main songwriting unit for the band. He has also released three solo albums.

Singer John Holt is born

John Holt was a reggae singer and songwriter from Jamaica who first found fame as a member of The Paragons, before establishing himself as a solo artist. By the age of 12, he was a regular entrant in talent contests run at Jamaican theatres by Vere Johns, winning 28 contests, some broadcast live on Radio Jamaica.

American physicist Ted Maiman is born

Ted Maiman is one of two people credited with inventing the LASER (the other is Gordon Gould, also an American). Maiman’s laser first fired on May 16, 1960 using a pink ruby medium. The laser can be applied in a very wide range of uses including eye surgery, dentistry, range-finding, manufacturing, even measuring the distance between the Earth and the Moon.

English archaeologist Arthur Evans dies

He is known for his study of Aegean civilization in the Bronze Age. He discovered the palace of Knossos on the Greek island of Crete. Evans also defined Cretan scripts Linear A and Linear B, as well as an earlier pictographic writing. He acted as a negotiator of the British government as well (never professional) and played significant role in the formation of Yugoslavia.

Fashion designer Giorgio Armani is born

Italian fashion designer Giorgio Armani formed his company, Armani, in 1975, and by 2001 was acclaimed as the most successful designer of Italian origin. He was the first designer to ban models with a body mass index under 18. Armani has designed many stage outfits for pop superstar Lady Gaga, including those worn on her record-breaking Monster Ball Tour and Born This Way Ball Tour.

Big Ben chimes for the first time

The tower was designed by Augustus Pugin in a neo-gothic style. When completed in 1859, its clock was the largest and most accurate four-faced striking and chiming clock in the world. The tower stands 315 feet tall, and the climb from ground level to the belfry is 334 steps.

Anniversaries of famous