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EU - U.S. Privacy Shield is approved

The EU–US Privacy Shield is a framework for transatlantic exchanges of personal data for commercial purposes between the European Union and the United States. One of its purposes is to enable US companies to more easily receive personal data from EU entities under EU privacy laws meant to protect European Union citizens.

2015

Iker Casillas announces his departure from Real Madrid

After much speculation about his future, Casillas signed with Portuguese Primeira Liga side Porto on a two-year deal with the option of a one-year extension. Real Madrid's conduct in his exit was criticised, with Casillas' parents claiming that he was being forced out of the club by president Florentino Pérez, who received calls to quit from fans.

Commuter train derails in Paris

The train crash occurred in the commune of Brétigny-sur-Orge in the southern suburbs of Paris, France, when a passenger train carrying 385 people derailed and hit the station platform. Seven people were killed and nearly 200 were injured.

"Grown Ups 2" is released in the US

Grown Ups 2 is a 2013 American comedy film directed by Dennis Dugan and co-produced by Adam Sandler, who also starred in the film. It is the sequel to the 2010 film Grown Ups. The film co-stars Kevin James, Chris Rock, David Spade, Nick Swardson, and Salma Hayek.

45th San Diego Comic-Con International opens

San Diego Comic-Con International is a multigenre entertainment and comic convention held annually in San Diego, California, United States. An estimated 130,000 attendees visited the 45th edition of the convention, which celebrated the 75th anniversary of both Marvel Comics and the first Batman comic book.

Roman Polanski is declared a free man

Polanski was arrested while in Switzerland at the request of United States authorities. The Swiss, however, rejected the United States' request, declared Polanski a "free man" and released him from custody. He remains the subject of an Interpol red notice issued in 2005 at the request of the United States.

Angeline Jolie gives birth to twins

For the two weeks, she spent in a seaside hospital in Nice, France, reporters, and photographers camped outside on the promenade. The first pictures of Knox and Vivienne were jointly sold to People and Hello! for a reported $14 million—the most expensive celebrity photographs ever taken.

Baghdad airstrikes

The attacks received worldwide coverage and controversy following the release of 39 minutes of gunsight footage by leaks website WikiLeaks The video, which WikiLeaks titled Collateral Murder, showed that the crew falsely claimed to have encountered a firefight and laughed at some of the casualties.

Prince Albert II assumes the throne of Monaco

The first part of Prince Albert II's enthronement as ruler of the Principality was after the end of the three-month mourning period for his father. A morning Mass at Saint Nicholas Cathedral presided over by the Archbishop of Monaco, the Most Reverend Bernard Barsi, formally marked the beginning of his reign.

1998

France wins the World Cup for the first time

France won the match 3–0 to claim the World Cup for the first time, with the timing of the match two days before Bastille Day adding to the significance of the victory. Zinedine Zidane, who was named a man of the match, scored twice before half-time and Emmanuel Petit added a third goal in the last minute.

"Courage Under Fire" is released in the US

Courage Under Fire is a 1996 American war film directed by Edward Zwick, and starring Denzel Washington and Meg Ryan. It is the second collaboration between Washington and director Zwick. The film received mostly positive reviews.

Enrique Iglesias releases his first album, "Enrique Iglesias"

Enrique Iglesias is the eponymous debut studio album recorded by Spanish singer-songwriter Enrique Iglesias. The album was produced by Spanish songwriter and record producer Rafael Pérez-Botija. The album was a big success and topped Latin charts, and was also recorded in Portuguese and Italian.

7.8 earthquake hits Hokkaido Japan, 160 killed

A large earthquake of magnitude 7.8 struck Japan's the west coast of Hokkaido and the small offshore island of Okushiri in the Sea of Japan, generated a destructive tsunami. The $600 million in property losses were caused primarily by the tsunami. A total of 239 people were killed.

The movie "Die Hard" is first released

Die Hard is an American action film directed by John McTiernan and written by Steven E. de Souza and Jeb Stuart. It was produced by the Gordon Company and Silver Pictures. The film follows off-duty New York City Police Department officer John McClane who is caught in a Los Angeles skyscraper during a Christmas Eve heist led by Hans Gruber.

USSR launches Phobos II for Martian orbit

Phobos 2 was the last space probe designed by the Soviet Union. Phobos 2 operated nominally throughout its cruise and Mars orbital insertion phases, gathering data on the Sun, interplanetary medium, Mars, and Phobos. Phobos 2 investigated Mars surface and atmosphere and returned 37 images of Phobos.

Space Shuttle Challenger launch is aborted

The countdown was halted at T-3 seconds after unwanted shutdown of all three main engines. The problem was caused by a malfunction of the coolant valve. The launch was successfully repeated 17 days later. Challenger carried a Spacelab 2 module. One of the experiments in it was an attempt to make carbonated drink for astronauts (both Cola and Pepsi).

Disco Demolition Night takes place at Comiskey Park

Disco Demolition Night was an ill-fated baseball promotion at Comiskey Park in Chicago, Illinois. At the climax of the event, a crate filled with disco records was blown up on the field between games of the twi-night doubleheader between the Chicago White Sox and the Detroit Tigers.

The gameshow Family Feud debuts

Family Feud is an American television game show created by Mark Goodson where two families compete to name the most popular responses to survey questions in order to win cash and prizes. It is considered a spin-off of Match Game, whose panel included original host Richard Dawson.

National Personal Records Center fire

The 1973 National Archives fire occurred at the Military Personnel Records Center in Overland, Missouri, striking a severe blow to the National Archives and Records Administration of the United States. MPRC, the custodian of military service records, lost approximately 16–18 million official military personnel records as a result of the fire.

Zager and Evans start a six week run at #1 on the US singles chart

"In the Year 2525" is a hit song by the American pop-rock duo of Zager and Evans. It reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 for six weeks commencing. It also peaked at number one in the UK Singles Chart for three weeks in August and September that year.

Hotel Okura Tokyo appears in You Only Live Twice

"You Only Live Twice" premiered at the Odeon Leicester Square in London. In the movie appeared iconic hotel Okura. The hotel hosted every President of the United States since Richard Nixon, as well as numerous other foreign heads of state. The historic main wing was demolished in 2015.

Race riot in Chicago

The Chicago West Side Riot was a public disarray. Chicago PD Patrolman Thomas Munyon shot 20-year-old Aracelis Cruz, sparking a wave of protests that would give a voice to the Puerto Rican community in Chicago, and create a lasting impact on the place of Latino voices in Chicago.

Ray Charles is at #1 on the UK singles chart

"I Can't Stop Loving You" was covered by Ray Charles in 1962, featured on Charles' Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music, and released as a single. Charles' version reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 for five weeks. This version went to number one on the U.S. R&B and Adult Contemporary charts.

USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs

Belka and Strelka spent a day in space aboard Korabl-Sputnik 2 before safely returning to Earth. They were accompanied by a grey rabbit, 42 mice, two rats, flies and several plants and fungi. All passengers survived. They were the first Earth-born creatures to go into orbit and return alive.

Elvis Presley signs a recording contract with Sun Records

Presley was born in Tupelo, Mississippi, and relocated to Memphis, Tennessee, with his family when he was 13 years old. His music career began there in 1954, recording at Sun Records with producer Sam Phillips, who wanted to bring the sound of African American music to a wider audience.

Battle of Prokhorovka

Prokhorovka is remembered as the largest ever tank battle, part of the Third Reich’s Operation Citadel. The number was 978 tanks in total 306 German and 672 Soviet. The counter-attacking Soviet tanks charged across open terrain, taking heavy losses to German tank fire.

1921

Babe Ruth sets record of 137 career home runs

Ruth led the Yankees to a first-place finish in the American League that year, hitting .378 with 59 home runs and 171 RBI. Ruth broke Roger Connor's home run record of 138 against the Detroit Tigers. Each of the almost 600 home runs Ruth hit in his career after that extended his own record.

HMS Endeavour anchors in Downs, England

Captained by James Cook she returned from her voyage around the world. Main goals of the voyage were observation of the transit of Venus across the Sun and search of the evidence of the postulated unknown southern land, Terra Australis Incognita. Both goals were fulfilled. Cooks men were first Europeans to reach the east coast of Australia. It was the first of the three great pacific voyages of James Cook.

King Henry VIII marries his sixth and last wife Catherine Parr

Henry married his last wife, the wealthy widow Catherine Parr. Parr helped reconcile Henry with his daughters, Mary and Elizabeth. In 1543, an Act of Parliament put them back in the line of succession after Edward. The same act allowed Henry to determine further succession to the throne in his will.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous