Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

A partial solar eclipse is visible in Australia

A partial solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun but not align in a perfectly straight line. A partial solar eclipse occurs in the polar regions of the Earth when the center of the Moon's shadow misses the Earth. This eclipse is visible in parts of southern Australia.

Theresa May becomes the second woman prime minister of the U.K.

After being appointed by Queen Elizabeth II, May became the United Kingdom's second female Prime Minister, after Margaret Thatcher, and the first female UK Prime Minister of the 21st century. May told the media that she was "honoured and humbled" to be the party leader and to become prime minister.

US Airways brand is scraped

American Airlines announced that it planned to discontinue the US Airways brand name. US Airways made the final flight for the airline from San Francisco to Philadelphia with stops at Phoenix and Charlotte, operating as Flight 1939—with 1939 commemorating the birth of All American Aviation, which evolved over the decades to become US Airways.

Greek debt crisis is solved after marathon all-night summit

After 17 hours of negotiations, Eurozone leaders reached a provisional agreement on a third bailout programme, substantially the same as their June proposal. Many financial analysts, including the largest private holder of Greek debt, Paul Kazarian, found issue with its findings, citing it as a distortion of net debt position.


Germany beats Argentina 1-0 to win football's 20th World Cup

Mario Goetze scored winning goal in extra time to give Germany its fourth World Cup title with a 1-0 victory over Argentina in a tight and tense World Cup final held in South America. Argentina had created more chances but failed to really test the goalkeeper Manuel Neuer.

Authorship of "The Cuckoo's Calling" is revealed

Rowling's authorship was revealed by The Sunday Times after it investigated how a first-time author “with a background in the army and the civilian security industry” could write such an assured debut novel. After being revealed as the author, Rowling said she would have liked to remain anonymous for a while longer.

Actor Cory Monteith dies

Cory Allan Michael Monteith was a Canadian actor and musician, known for his role as Finn Hudson on the Fox television series Glee. He died of a toxic combination of heroin and alcohol in a Vancouver hotel room. Glee fans raised money to "name a star" after Monteith, after being inspired by a scene featuring his character on Glee.

Typhoon Soulik

Striking Taiwan as a strong typhoon, Soulik brought gusts up to 220 km/h and torrential rains. Numerous trees and power lines fell, leaving roughly 800,000 without electricity. Severe flooding prompted thousands to evacuate as well. Four people lost their lives on the island while 123 more were injured.


Scottish Rangers are demoted to the lowest professional league

Rangers were awarded associate membership and placed in the lowest division, the Third, rather than the First Division as the SPL and SFA had sought. The transfer of Rangers' SFA membership was agreed by the SFA upon acceptance of a number of conditions, including a one-year transfer ban, in time for the club to begin the 2012–13 season.

Yankees' legendary owner George Steinbrenner dies

George Michael Steinbrenner was an American businessman who was the principal owner and managing partner of Major League Baseball's New York Yankees. He died of a heart attack at St. Joseph's Hospital in Tampa, Florida. His death came nine days after his 80th birthday.

Shakira's "She Wolf" premieres

"She Wolf" is a song by Colombian singer and songwriter Shakira, taken from her eighth studio album of the same name. Upon its release, "She Wolf" was met with a favorable reception from music critics, many of whom praised it for its inventiveness. Commercially, "She Wolf" performed well on record charts.

Space Shuttle Discovery is lunched

Discovery took off only six day after landing of her sister ship Atlantis. It was the fastest turnaround between flights in the history of the Shuttle program. Main mission objective was to deliver Tracking and data relay satellite (TORS) to orbit. The astronauts also conducted plenty of experiments, most of them from the field of biological sciences.

Bryan Adams goes to #1 on the UK singles chart

"(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" is a song by Canadian singer-songwriter Bryan Adams. The song was an enormous chart success internationally, particularly in the United Kingdom, where it spent sixteen consecutive weeks at number one on the UK Singles Chart - the longest in British chart history.

Live Aid is held simultaneously in London and Philadelphia

Live Aid was a dual-venue benefit concert and an ongoing music-based fundraising initiative. The original event was organized by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure to raise funds for the relief of the ongoing Ethiopian famine. It was one of the largest-scale satellite link-ups and television broadcasts of all time.


Walter Poenisch completes swim of 207 km from Cuba to Florida

Walter Poenisch was a baker, rodeo competitor, strongman, and swimmer, who entered his first competitive swim in 1963, to show that a 50-year-old man could be as active as young fellows. Old Ohioan man swam from Cuba to the Florida Keys. It took 34 hours and 21 of his pounds, but Walter made the Florida shore alive.

25-hour blackout hits New York City

The New York City blackout was an electricity blackout that affected most of New York City in 1977. The only neighborhoods in the city that were not affected were in southern Queens. The blackout resulted in citywide looting and other acts of criminal activity, including arson.

George McCrae starts a two week run at #1 in the US

"Rock Your Baby" is the debut single by George McCrae. "Rock Your Baby" was one of the landmark recordings of early disco music. A massive international hit, the song reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in the United States, spending two weeks at the top of the chart.

Queen release their first album

Queen is the debut studio album by the British rock band Queen, released by EMI Records in the UK and by Elektra Records in the US. It was recorded at Trident Studios and De Lane Lea Music Centre, London, with production by Roy Thomas Baker, John Anthony and Queen.BThe album was influenced by contemporary progressive rock and heavy metal music.

American science journalist Carl Zimmer is born

Although not a biologist by training, Zimmer writes about evolution and parasites. He started as a copy editor and fact-checker in the Discover magazine. Later he became a full-time writer. He published more than fifteen popular science books. The most famous is Parasite Rex: Inside the Bizarre World of Nature's Most Dangerous Creatures.

The Animals go to #1 on the UK singles chart

"The House of the Rising Sun" is a traditional folk song. It tells of a life gone wrong in New Orleans; many versions also urge a sibling to avoid the same fate. The most successful commercial version, recorded by British rock group the Animals, was a number one hit on the UK Singles Chart and also in the United States and France.

Hungarian architect Ernő Rubik is born

Ernő Rubik is known as the author of the Rubik's Cube. It consists of 26 small colored cubes that rotate on a central axis. The player has to move all the cubes of the same color on the same side of the master cube. There are about 43 quintillion possible configurations. The cube is considered the world’s best-selling toy of all times.

Greatest tank battle in history ends

Kursk was the largest tank battle in history and it was the last attempt by the German army to slow down the Soviet Military. The failure of the German offensive at Kursk had obvious military consequences for the Nazi army. Kursk was the last throw of the dice for Germany on the Eastern Front.

Musician Roger McGuinn is born

Roger McGuinn is an American musician. He is best known for being the frontman of The Byrds. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame for his work with the Byrds. He was also part of an author/musician band, Rock Bottom Remainders, a group of published writers doubling as musicians to raise proceeds for literacy charities.

American actor Harrison Ford is born

Harrison Ford is an American actor and film producer. He gained worldwide fame for his starring roles as Han Solo in the Star Wars film series and as the title character of the Indiana Jones film series. Ford is also known for playing Rick Deckard in the neo-noir dystopian science fiction film Blade Runner and its sequel Blade Runner 2049.

English actor Patrick Stewart is born

Sir Patrick Stewart is an English actor whose career has included roles on stage, television, and film in a career spanning almost six decades. He is a multiple time Olivier, Golden Globe, Emmy, Screen Actors Guild and Saturn Award nominees.

Frank Sinatra makes his recording debut

It was with the James band that Sinatra released his first commercial record "From the Bottom of My Heart". No more than 8,000 copies of the record were sold, and further records released with James through 1939, such as "All or Nothing At All", also had weak sales on their initial release.


Ruth hits 700th career home run

Ruth hit his 700th career home run in the third inning in a 4-2 victory, over Tommy Bridges of the Detroit Tigers. The shot cleared the right-field wall in Briggs Stadium and rolled several hundred feet down a street front of the stadium. Babe Ruth took the valuable ball.

Roy Chapman Andrews discovers dinosaur eggs

Andrews's party was the first in the world to discover dinosaur eggs. Initially thought to be eggs of a ceratopsian, Protoceratops, they were determined in 1995 actually to belong to the theropod Oviraptor. During that same expedition, Walter W. Granger discovered a skull from the Cretaceous period.

The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated

The Hollywood Sign is an American landmark and cultural icon located in Los Angeles, California. "HOLLYWOOD" is spelled out in 44-foot-tall white capital letters and is 352 feet long. The sign was originally created as an advertisement for a local real estate development, but due to increasing recognition, the sign was left up.

Architect Otto Wagner is born

Otto Koloman Wagner was an Austrian architect and urban planner, known for his lasting impact on the appearance of his hometown Vienna, to which he contributed many landmarks. Wagner had a strong influence on his pupils at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna. This "Wagner School" included Josef Hoffmann, Karl Ehn, Jože Plečnik and Max Fabiani.

French revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat is assassinated

Marat was assassinated by Charlotte Corday, a Girondin sympathizer while taking a medicinal bath for his debilitating skin condition. In death, Marat became an icon to the Jacobins as a revolutionary martyr, as portrayed in Jacques-Louis David's famous painting, The Death of Marat.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1942

Harrison Ford

born 1969

Ken Jeong

born 1946

Cheech Marin

died 1954

Frida Kahlo