Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Citizens of France celebrate Bastille Day

Bastille Day is the anniversary of Storming of the Bastille, a turning point of the French Revolution. It is celebrated throughout France. The oldest and largest regular military parade in Europe is held on the Champs-Élysées in Paris in front of the President of the Republic, along with other French officials and foreign guests.

Nice terrorist attack

A 19-tonne cargo truck was deliberately driven into crowds of people celebrating Bastille Day on the Promenade des Anglais in Nice, France, resulting in the deaths of 86 people and the injury of 458 others. The driver was Mohamed Lahouaiej-Bouhlel, a Tunisian resident of France.

New Horizons flies over Pluto, sending home a unique footage

New Horizons was launched in 2006 with the primary mission to perform a flyby study of the Pluto system in 2015. It flew 12,500 km (7,800 mi) above the surface of Pluto, making it the first spacecraft to explore the dwarf planet.

"Go Set a Watchman" is published

The book's unexpected and controversial discovery, decades after it was written, together with the status of the author's only other book—an American classic—caused its publication to be highly anticipated; Amazon stated that it was their "most pre-ordered book" since Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows.

Coroner confirms that B.B. King died of natural causes

A Las Vegas coroner’s report found that B.B. King showed no traces of poisoning at the time of his death and that the blues legend died of natural causes. Clark County coroner John Fudenberg reported that Alzheimer’s disease was the “primary contributing factor” in the musician’s death.

Last telegram is sent in India

Indian telegram service was canceled after 163 years of operation. It was not the last telegram service in the world, but it was the last true electric telegraph system. In some countries, there is still possible to send telegrams. They are, however, perceived more as a curiosity than as a means of communication. They travel by internet in the same way as e-mail.


President Obama throws the first pitch

Stan Musial, a former player for the host St. Louis Cardinals and a member of the Baseball Hall of Fame, gave the baseball for the ceremonial first pitch to the President of the United States Barack Obama, who threw it to the hometown Cardinals' first baseman and leading All-Star vote-getter, Albert Pujols, while wearing a White Sox jacket.

"The Dark Knight" premieres in New York

The Dark Knight is a superhero film directed, produced, and co-written by Christopher Nolan. In the film, Bruce Wayne / Batman, Police Lieutenant James Gordon and District Attorney Harvey Dent form an alliance to dismantle organized crime in Gotham City but are menaced by a criminal mastermind known as the Joker.

Jerry Springer files papers to run for the US senate

Talk show host Jerry Springer officially filed papers to run for the U.S. Senate from Ohio. The Senate clerk received the statement of candidacy and organization for the "Jerry Springer for U.S. Senate" committee. Springer eventually withdrew his candidacy due to negative associations with The Jerry Springer Show.

The first open-source operating system is released

386BSD is a discontinued free Unix-like operating system based on BSD, first released in 1992. It ran on PC-compatible computer systems based on the 32-bit Intel 80386 microprocessor. 386BSD innovations include role-based security, ring buffers, self-ordered configuration and modular kernel design.


Irish professional boxer Conor McGregor is born

Conor Anthony McGregor is an Irish professional mixed martial artist and boxer. He is the former Ultimate Fighting Championship featherweight and lightweight champion. He has also competed as a welterweight in mixed martial arts, and light middleweight in boxing. He is #3 on the UFC's pound for pound rankings.

Paul McCartney releases "Press"

"Press" is a song by Paul McCartney. It was released as the lead single from his sixth studio solo album, Press to Play, being McCartney's 37th single. The single features the non-album track, "It's Not True" as its B-side, which was later included as a bonus track on the CD reissue of the Press to Play album.

Madonna is at #1 on the UK singles chart

"Papa Don't Preach" is a song by American singer Madonna from her third studio album True Blue. It became Madonna's fourth number-one single on the Billboard Hot 100, and performed well internationally, reaching the top position in the United Kingdom and Australia.

The first appearance of Mario's brother Luigi

Luigi first appeared in the 1983 arcade game Mario Bros. as the character controlled by the second player and retained this role in Super Mario Bros., Super Mario Bros. 3, Super Mario World, and other titles. The first game where he was available as a primary character was Super Mario Bros. 2.

Don announces that The Everly Brothers had split

They said their final performance would be at Knott's Berry Farm, in California, but tensions between the two surfaced, and Don told a reporter he was tired of being an Everly Brother. During the show, Phil smashed his guitar and walked off while Don finished the show, ending their collaboration.

Large bills withdraw from circulation

The Federal Reserve began taking high-denomination currency out of circulation by destroying large bills received by banks. As of 2009, only 336 $10,000 bills were known to exist; 342 remaining $5,000 bills; and 165,372 remaining $1,000 bills.

Counterculture classic "Easy Rider" is released

Easy Rider is an American independent road drama film written by Peter Fonda, Dennis Hopper, and Terry Southern, produced by Fonda, and directed by Hopper. Fonda and Hopper played two bikers who travel through the American Southwest and South carrying the proceeds from a cocaine deal.

The Rolling Stones top the UK Chart for the first time

The Rolling Stones' version of "It's All Over Now" is the most famous version of the song. It was first released as a single in the UK, where it peaked at number 1 on the UK Singles Chart, giving the Rolling Stones their first number one hit. It was the band's third single released in America and stayed in the Billboard Hot 100 for ten weeks.


Jacques Anquetil wins the 50th Tour de France

The 50th Tour won Jacques Anquetil for the 4th time. With this success, he set a record of victories in the Tour de France. The Tour organization wanted to reduce Anquetil's chances of dominating the Tour. Under the rain, Jacques Anquetil’s team-mates controlled the race.

Iraqi monarchy is overthrown by popular forces

Revolution ended the 37-year Hashemite monarchy of Iraq which had been established by King Faisal I, in an overthrow and established the Republic of Iraq. The UK and U.S. supported the creation of the Baghdad Pact. Major-General A. K. el Qasim was Iraq's new prime minister, the defense minister, and commander-in-chief.

Fashion designer Bruce Oldfield is born

Bruce Oldfield is a British fashion designer, best known for his couture occasionwear. Sophie, Countess of Wessex wore Bruce Oldfield to the 2011 Royal Wedding. In 2013, Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall wore pale powder blue Bruce Oldfield dress to the inauguration ceremony for King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands.

Architect Moshe Safdie is born

Moshe Safdie is an Israeli-Canadian architect, urban designer, educator, theorist, and author. He is most identified with Habitat 67, which paved the way for his international career. Moshe Safdie's works are known for their dramatic curves, arrays of geometric patterns, use of windows, and key placement of open and green spaces.

All German political parties except the Nazis are outlawed

Gleichschaltung was the process of Nazification by which Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party successively established a system of totalitarian control and coordination over all aspects of German society, "from the economy and trade associations to the media, culture, and education".

British chemist Geoffrey Wilkinson is born

Wilkinson made many discoveries in the field of inorganic chemistry. He co-discovered the ferrocene, which started the boom of the synthesis of many organometallic compounds. It is a special class of materials containing chemical bonds between a carbon atom of an organic molecule and a metal. Wilkinson also pioneered the use of the sandwich-structured composite materials.

Computer engineer Jay Wright Forrester is born

In 1944-51 Forrester supervised the building of the Whirlwind computer at the MIT, for which he invented the random-access magnetic core memory, the RAM. Similar devices are employed in most modern computers today. Forrester also studied the application of computers to management problems, developing methods for computer simulation.

Legendary art cinema director Ingmar Bergman is born

Ernst Ingmar Bergman was a Swedish director, writer, and producer who worked in film, television, theatre, and radio. Considered to be among the most accomplished and influential filmmakers of all time, Bergman's renowned works include Smiles of a Summer Night, The Seventh Seal, Cries and Whispers, Scenes from a Marriage, and Fanny and Alexander.

Singer Woodrow Wilson ‘Woody’ Guthrie is born

Woodrow Wilson Guthrie was an American singer-songwriter, one of the most significant figures in American folk music; his songs, including social justice songs, such as "This Land Is Your Land", have inspired several generations both politically and musically. He wrote hundreds of political, folk, and children's songs.

Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel demonstrates the dynamite

The demonstration took place at a quarry in Redhill, Surrey, UK. Nobel produced the dynamite by mixing nitroglycerin with powdered shells (diatomite) to make it more stable. Dynamite was a better explosive than the traditional black powder. However, it was not stable enough. It killed Nobel's younger brother and four workers in his factory.

Writer Germaine de Staël dies

Madame de Staël was a French woman of letters of Swiss origin whose lifetime overlapped with the events of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic era. Invalid since April of that year, She died in July 1817.

Anniversaries of famous