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Turkish coup d'état attempt

A coup d'état was attempted in Turkey against state institutions, including the government and President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. The attempt was carried out by a faction within the Turkish Armed Forces, who attempted to seize control of several key places in Ankara, but failed to do so after forces loyal to the state defeated them.

Gwyneth Paltrow splits from Chris Martin

Paltrow announced that she and Martin had separated after ten years of marriage, describing the process as "conscious uncoupling". A judge finalized their divorce in July 2016. Paltrow has been dating producer Brad Falchuk, whom she met on the set of Glee, since 2014.

Moscow metro derailment

An outbound Moscow Metro train derailed between Park Pobedy and Slavyansky Bulvar stations of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line. Casualties reported include 24 dead and 160 injured. Early reports suggested a power surge or a terrorist attack to be the cause of the derailment, but both were soon dismissed.

'Gangnam Style' Video occurs on YouTube for the first time

"Gangnam Style" became the first YouTube video to reach one billion views. The song's music video has been viewed over 3.1 billion times on YouTube and was the most viewed video on YouTube from 2012 when it surpassed the music video for "Baby" by Justin Bieber featuring Ludacris.

U.K. phone hacking scandal forces Rebekah Brooks to quit

Brooks was a prominent figure in the News International phone hacking scandal, having been the editor of the News of the World when illegal phone hacking was carried out by the newspaper. Brooks received £10.8m for leaving News International and was cleared of all charges by a jury at the Old Bailey, which accepted her defense of incompetence.

BP caps Deepwater Horizon leak after 85 days

Due to the months-long spill, along with adverse effects from the response and cleanup activities, extensive damage to marine and wildlife habitats and fishing and tourism industries was reported. Two weeks after the wellhead was capped, the surface oil appeared to have dissipated, while an unknown amount of subsurface oil remained.

Zahedan bombings

The Zahedan bombings were two suicide bombings that targeted Shia worshippers in Iran, including members of the Revolutionary Guards. The bombings targeted those celebrating the birthday of a Muslim saint at the Jamia mosque in Zahedan. Responsibility for the attacks was claimed by Jundullah.

'Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince' is released worldwide

Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince is a fantasy film directed by David Yates. The story follows Harry Potter's sixth year at Hogwarts as he receives a mysterious textbook, falls in love, and attempts to retrieve a memory that holds the key to Lord Voldemort's downfall.

Caspian Airlines Flight 7908 crashes

Caspian Airlines Flight 7908 was a scheduled commercial flight from Tehran, Iran, to Yerevan, Armenia, that crashed near the village of Jannatabad, outside the city of Qazvin in north-western Iran. All 153 passengers and 15 crew on board died.

Twitter is launched

Twitter was created in 2006 by Jack Dorsey, Noah Glass, Biz Stone, and Evan Williams and launched in July of that year. The service rapidly gained worldwide popularity. In 2012, more than 100 million users posted 340 million tweets a day, and the service handled an average of 1.6 billion search queries per day.

'Wedding Crashers' premieres

Wedding Crashers is an American comedy film directed by David Dobkin and written by Steve Faber and Bob Fisher. The film opened through New Line Cinema to critical and massive commercial success, grossing $285 million worldwide on a $40 million budget, and is credited with helping to revive the popularity of adult-oriented, R-rated comedies.

'Queer Eye' debuts in the US

Queer Eye is an American reality television series that premiered on the cable television network Bravo. Originally Queer Eye for the Straight Guy, the title was later shortened to broaden the overall scope. The premise relies on the stereotype of gay men as experts in matters of fashion, style, personal grooming, interior design, and culture.

Gianni Versace is shot dead on his doorstep

Giovanni Maria "Gianni" Versace was an Italian fashion designer and founder of Versace, an international fashion house that produces accessories, fragrances, make-up, home furnishings, and clothes. Versace was murdered by spree killer Andrew Cunanan, who used the same gun to commit suicide on a houseboat eight days later.

Prince Charles and Princess Diana sign divorce papers

Almost 15 years after the wedding between Lady Diana Spencer and Charles, the Prince of Wales, the consummately incompatible couple announced that they had finally reached an agreement on the terms for their divorce. Under the agreement, the Princess received a big amount payment instead of regular alimony checks.

MSNBC is launched broadcasting

MSNBC is an American news cable and satellite television network that provides news coverage and political commentary from NBC News on current events. MSNBC and its website were founded in 1996 under a partnership between Microsoft and General Electric's NBC unit, hence the network's naming.

Bill Clinton claims presidential nomination

Clinton was the governor of a traditionally conservative Southern state, Arkansas. He had been viewed as a viable presidential candidate before his actual bid in 1992. During the 1988 Presidential Primaries, where George H. W. Bush seemed all but inevitable as the president, many turned to Clinton as the next Southern leader of the party.

Cathedral of Brasília is declared a national historic and artistic monument

The Cathedral of Brasília is the Roman Catholic cathedral serving Brasília, Brazil, and serves as the seat of the Archdiocese of Brasília. The ovoid baptistry was dedicated in 1977, and the cathedral was declared a national historic and artistic monument in 1990.

'Die Hard' is released in the US

Die Hard is an American action film directed by John McTiernan and written by Steven E. de Souza and Jeb Stuart. The film follows off-duty New York City Police Department officer John McClane who is caught in a Los Angeles skyscraper during a Christmas Eve heist led by Hans Gruber.

Jimmy Carter delivers his famous "malaise" speech

Carter delivered a nationally televised speech in which he called for long-term limits on oil imports and the development of synthetic fuels. But he also stated, "all the legislation in the world can't fix what's wrong with America. What is lacking is confidence and a sense of community." The speech came to be known as his "malaise" speech.

The biggest ever UK audience for Bob Dylan

The airfield was the location for an all-day open-air concert, the Picnic at Blackbushe, which was attended by some 200,000 people. Bob Dylan headlined, with Eric Clapton, Joan Armatrading, Graham Parker and the Rumour, Lake, and Merger also appearing.

Spaceships Soyuz 19 and Apollo 18 are launched for joint flight

The mission was called Apollo–Soyuz Test Project. Its main purpose was political – to show that the Soviet Union and the USA can cooperate in a piece. It involved the docking of an American Apollo spaceship with the Soviet Soyuz. It was the last flight of the Apollo vehicle. The mission marked the end of the Space Race.

Elton John starts a five week run at #1 on the US album chart

Honky Château is the fifth studio album released by Elton John. It was titled after the 18th-century French chateau where it was recorded, Château d'Hérouville. The album reached number one in the US, the first of seven consecutive US number one albums for Elton John.

The Mariner 4 takes the first close-up photos of another planet

Mariner 4 performed the first successful flyby of the planet Mars, returning the first close-up pictures of the Martian surface. It captured the first images of another planet ever returned from deep space; their depiction of a cratered, seemingly dead world largely changed the scientific community's view of life on Mars

Wiley Post begins first solo flight around world

Wiley Post repeated his flight around the world, this time using the auto-pilot and compass in place of his navigator and becoming the first to accomplish the feat alone. Fifty thousand people greeted him on his return after 7 days, 18 hours, and 49 minutes.

French chemist Hippolyte Mège Mouriés patents the margarine

Mouriés won the contest held by Emperor Napoleon III to find a substitute for butter used by the French Navy. His formula included a fatty component that mixed to a pearly luster, so he named his product after the Greek word for pearl - margaritári. In Europe margarine soon became a commercial success. In the U.S. it was prohibited for a long time.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1985

Burak Yılmaz

born 1985

Tomer Kapon

died 2004

Al Blaustein