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Flashback calendar

World Emoji Day

World Emoji Day is an unofficial holiday. The day is deemed a "global celebration of emoji" and is celebrated with emoji events and product releases. Celebrated annually since 2014, NBC reported that the day was Twitter's top trending item on July 17 in 2015. Emoji is the fastest growing language in history. Five billion emojis are sent every day, just on Facebook Messenger.

Le Corbusier's projects are inscribed in the list of UNESCO

Le Corbusier was a Swiss-French architect, designer, painter, and one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture. In 2016, seventeen projects by Le Corbusier in seven countries were inscribed in the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites as The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement.

Suicide bombing in Diyala Province, Iraq

A suicide car bombing occurred in the Iraqi city of Khan Bani Saad, targeting a local marketplace. Approximately 130 people were killed in the bombing, with a similar number of injured. Several people were killed by collapsed buildings. The bomb was hidden under an ice truck in an attempt to attract more people amid the heat.

Malaysia Airlines flight is shot down by Russian missile

Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 was a scheduled passenger flight from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur that was shot down while flying over eastern Ukraine, killing all 283 passengers and 15 crew on board. The shoot-down occurred in the War in Donbass, during the Battle of Shakhtarsk, in an area controlled by pro-Russian rebels.


Tiger Woods wins his 10th major winning the British Open

The Open Championship at St. Andrews won for Tiger Woods, this victory was the 10th major championship win of Woods' career. Woods had two British Open titles at St. Andrews, just like his childhood idol Nicklaus. Tiger's final round took four hours and four minutes.

Bashar Assad succeeds his father as a head of Syria

After the death of Hafez al-Assad, the Constitution of Syria was amended; the minimum age requirement for the presidency was lowered from 40 to 34, which was Bashar's age at the time. Assad was then elected president with 99.7% support for his leadership.

Robbie Williams leaves Take That

During one of the last rehearsals before the tour commenced, the group confronted Williams about his attitude and stated they wanted to do the tour without him. He agreed to quit and left the group in July; it would be the last time for twelve years that they were all together.

Forbes Mag announces Bill Gates is the richest man in world

Bill Gates is an American business magnate, philanthropist, investor, computer programmer, and inventor. Gates is the former chief executive and chairperson of Microsoft. Gates became the world’s richest person. At the time Microsoft stock was rising as tech firm valuations escalated. His net worth was $12.9 billion.


The first team loses a World Cup final on penalties

It was the first World Cup final to be both scoreless in regular and extra time and to be decided by a penalty shoot-out. Silver Ball winner Roberto Baggio missed the decisive penalty. Brazil had previously beaten Italy in 1970 final, marking 1994 final as the second time that the same teams had met in two different World Cup finals.

The first flight of the world's most expensive military aircraft

B-2 Spirit is an American heavy penetration strategic bomber, featuring low observable stealth technology designed for penetrating dense anti-aircraft defenses; it is a flying wing design with a crew of two. Total procurement costs averaged $929 million per aircraft, which includes spare parts, equipment, retrofitting, and software support.

4 Billion tv-viewers watch Mandela's 70th Birthday Tribute

The Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute was a popular-music concert staged at Wembley Stadium, London. To celebrate Nelson Mandela, the biggest stars performed songs of freedom and hope in front of 72,000 people at Stadium and more than 600 million television viewers from 60 countries who watched the broadcast.

"Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" is re-released

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is an American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Productions and originally released by RKO Radio Pictures. Coinciding with the fiftieth-anniversary release in 1987, Disney released an authorized novelization of the story, written by children's author Suzanne Weyn.

Irene Cara is at #1 on the UK singles chart with "Fame"

"Fame" is a pop song, written by Michael Gore and Dean Pitchford, released in 1980 that achieved chart success as the theme song to the Fame film and TV series. "Fame" rose to number four on the Billboard Hot 100. It also reached number one on the Billboard dance chart for one week.

The Humber Bridge opens

The Humber Bridge, near Kingston upon Hull, England, is a 2,220-metre single-span suspension bridge. When it was opened, it was the longest of its type in the world. The bridge can be seen for miles around and from as far as Patrington in the East Riding of Yorkshire and out to sea miles off the East Yorkshire coast.

Tom Cruise makes his acting debut in "Endless Love"

The film was directed by Franco Zeffirelli and written by Judith Rascoe. The film stars Brooke Shields and Martin Hewitt in the two leading roles. It is also the film debut of Tom Cruise, Hewitt, Jami Gertz, Jeff Marcus and Ian Ziering. The film was shot in 1980 on location in Chicago, New York City, and Long Island.


50th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-6 at Kingdome, Seattle

MLB All-Star Game was the 50th playing of the midsummer classic between the all-stars of the AL and NL, the two leagues constituting MLB. The game was held at The Kingdome in Seattle, Washington the home of the Seattle Mariners of the AL. A crowd of 58,905 watched the NL won 7-6.

Gary Moore leaves Thin Lizzy

Gary Moore abruptly left Thin Lizzy in the middle of another tour of the US. Years later, Moore said he had no regrets about walking out. After Moore's departure, Thin Lizzy continued the tour for a few nights as a trio before Lynott brought in Midge Ure to replace him on a temporary basis.


The XXI Summer Olympic Games open in Montreal

The 1976 Summer Olympics was an international multi-sport event in Montreal, Quebec, in 1976, and the first Olympic Games held in Canada. The Oxford Olympics Study estimates the outturn cost of the Montreal 1976 Summer Olympics at USD 6.1 billion in 2015-dollars and cost overrun at 720% in real terms.

Apollo 18 & Soyuz 19 make first US/USSR linkup in space

The mission included both joint and separate scientific experiments and provided useful engineering experience for future joint US–Russian space flights, such as the Shuttle-Mir Program and the International Space Station. ASTP was the last manned US space mission until the first Space Shuttle flight in April 1981.


Defender Jaap Stam is born

Jakob "Jaap" Stam is a Dutch football manager and former player who last managed Reading. Stam played for several European clubs including PSV Eindhoven, Manchester United, Lazio, and Milan. As well as club trophies, he won several personal awards, including being voted the best defender in the 1998–99 and 1999–2000 UEFA Champions League.

Yellow Submarine's premiere takes place in theaters

Yellow Submarine is a 1968 British animated musical fantasy-comedy film inspired by the music of the Beatles, directed by animation producer George Dunning, and produced by United Artists and King Features Syndicate. The film received widespread acclaim from critics and audiences alike, in contrast to some of the Beatles' previous film ventures.

King Records release "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag"

Papa's Got a Brand New Bag is the eleventh studio album by American musician James Brown, released by King Records. The album contains Brown's hit song "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag", which became his first top ten pop hit and won him his first Grammy Award.

New human ancestor is discovered

Famous anthropologists Mary and Louis Leakey found a skull of a new hominid species, today known as Paranthropus boisei (previously Australopithecus boisei). The species lived in Eastern Africa during the Pleistocene epoch from about 2.4 until about 1.4 million years ago. Its brain volume was roughly equal to a modern-day chimpanzee.

Disneyland televises its grand opening in Anaheim, California

Disneyland was dedicated at an "International Press Preview" event, which was only open to invited guests and the media. Although 28,000 people attended the event, only about half of those were actual invitees, the rest having purchased counterfeit tickets, or even sneaked into the park by climbing over the fence.


Sir Stirling Moss claims first Grand Prix victory

Stirling Moss has won the British Grand Prix at the Aintree track near Liverpool. He kept first place for the rest of the 90 laps in spite of a strong last-lap challenge by Fangio at Tatts Corner. Moss started out for Mercedes-Benz, racking up wins in the Mercedes-Benz W 196 R in Formula 1.

Actor David Hasselhoff is born

David Michael Hasselhoff is an American actor, singer, producer, and businessman, who set a Guinness World Record as the most watched man on TV. He first gained recognition on The Young and The Restless, playing Dr. Snapper Foster.

The Potsdam Conference

Stalin, Churchill, and Truman gathered to decide how to administer the defeated Nazi Germany, which had agreed to unconditional surrender nine weeks earlier. The goals of the conference also included the establishment of postwar order, peace treaty issues, and countering the effects of the war.

Musician Spencer Davis is born

Spencer Davis is a Welsh musician and multi-instrumentalist, and the founder of the 1960s beat band The Spencer Davis Group. His early musical influences were skiffle, jazz, and blues, the mainstays of popular music in the early 1960s. In music circles, Davis was later known as "Professor".

Spanish Civil War begins

The war has often been portrayed as a struggle between democracy and fascism, particularly due to the political climate and timing surrounding it, but it can more accurately be described as a struggle between leftist revolution and rightist counter-revolution similar to the Finnish Civil War and the Russian Civil War.

Actor Donald Sutherland is born in Canada

Donald McNichol Sutherland is a Canadian actor whose film career spans more than five decades. Sutherland rose to fame after starring in a series of successful films including The Dirty Dozen, M*A*S*H, and Eye of the Needle. He subsequently established himself as one of the most respected, prolific and versatile character actors of Canada.

Swedish engineer Nils Bohlin is born

He invented the three-point safety belt and thus saved countless lives. At the time of his invention, Bohlin was working for the Volvo Company. The corporation soon recognized the importance of his invention and released the patent for all other car manufacturers. Bohlin also designed aircraft ejection seats.

Bolsheviks kill Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family

The Tsar and his family were killed by several Bolshevik troops including Peter Ermakov, and led by Yakov Yurovsky under the orders of the Ural Regional Soviet and according to instructions by Lenin, Yakov Sverdlov and Felix Dzerzhinsky. Their bodies were then stripped, mutilated, burned and disposed of in a field in the Koptyaki forest.

American engineer Will Carrier invents air conditioning

Carrier worked in Buffalo Forge Co., a manufacturer of fan heating equipment. His employer asked him to solve a problem for a printing plant where humidity control was necessary for paper handling in the machinery. He submitted drawings for what became recognized as the world's first modern air conditioning system.

Catholic Priest and astronomer Georges Lemaître is born

He is famous as the inventor of the Big Bang theory. He reasoned that if the universe was expanding now, then the further you go in the past, the universe's contents must have been closer together. Therefore, at some point in the past, all the matter in the universe was crushed into a single object. Lemaître called this object the primeval super-atom.

Harvard Observatory takes first photograph of a star

The photography of celestial objects, began in 1840 when John William Draper took an image of the Moon using the daguerreotype process. Vega became the first star, other than the Sun, to be photographed when it was imaged by William Bond and John Adams Whipple at the Harvard College Observatory, also with a daguerreotype.

Adam Smith, a pioneer of economic science, dies

Adam Smith was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era. Smith died in the northern wing of Panmure House in Edinburgh after a painful illness. His body was buried in the Canongate Kirkyard.

Anniversaries of famous