Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Table Rock Lake duck boat accident

A duck boat operated by Ride the Ducks sank on Table Rock Lake in the Ozarks near Branson, Missouri, in the United States. The amphibious vehicle sank with 31 people on board, leaving 17 dead, during high winds associated with nearby severe thunderstorms.

A crane collapses across the Tappan Zee Bridge

The Tappan Zee Bridge was a cantilever bridge in the U.S. state of New York. Th bridge was one of the primary crossings of the Hudson River north of New York City; it carried much of the traffic between southern New England and points west of the Hudson. The bridge, as well as its replacement, was the longest bridge in New York State.

Ed Sheeran is at #1 on the UK album chart with 'X'

Ed Sheeran released his 2nd studio album through Asylum Records and Atlantic Records. It became internationally successful, peaking at No. 1 on the UK Albums Chart, just as well as the US Billboard 200 and in 15 other countries. It sold 180,000 copies in the 1st week and soon became the fastest-selling album of 2014.

'Captain America: The First Avenger' premieres in LA

Captain America: The First Avenger is an American superhero film, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Paramount Pictures. The film was commercially successful, grossing over $370 million worldwide. Critics particularly praised Evans' performance, the film's depiction of its 1940s time period and Johnston's direction.

Museum of Liverpool is officially opened

The Museum of Liverpool was designed by architects 3XN and engineers Buro Happold at cost of £72 million, provides 8,000 square meters of exhibition space, housing more than 6,000 objects. It displays are divided into four main themes: The Great Port, Global City, People’s Republic, and Wondrous Place, located in four large gallery spaces.

Rupert Murdoch talks about "the most humble day" of his life

The website of the News Corporation publication The Sun was hacked, and a false story was posted on the front page claiming that Murdoch had died. Murdoch described the day of the committee "the most humble day of my life". He argued that since he ran a global business of 53,000 employees and that the News of the World was "just 1%" of this.

The first episode of 'Mad Men' debuts

"Smoke Gets in Your Eyes" is the first episode of the first season of the American period drama television series Mad Men. Jon Hamm was cast as Don Draper, the central character of the series. Hamm, who was relatively unknown at the time, competed with 80 other actors in the auditioning process.

James Blunt is at #1 on the UK singles chart

You’re Beautiful was written for Blunt’s debut album “Back to Bedlam”. The song was released as the 3rd single of the album. It peaked at No. 1 on British charts and in 9 other countries. It became his 1st successful single and is considered his most successful one so far. It also won an Ivor Novello Award.


Muhammad Ali lights Olympic torch

The opening ceremony of the 1996 Summer Olympics took place in the evening on Friday 19 July in the Centennial Olympic Stadium, Atlanta, US. The ceremony features Award-winning and Grammy Award-time nominated film composer, John Williams, French Canadian singer Celine Dion and American singer Gladys Knight. The ceremony attendance was 85,600.

The Spice Girls make their debut on Top of the Pops

The Spice Girls released their debut single “Wannabe” in the UK. It was accompanied with the video that aired on music channel The Box. After its release, the band starred in live TV show Surprise Surprise on LWT network. Top of the Pops magazine gave each member of the band an alias. Those were adopted by the group and media.


Mike Tyson rapes a Miss Black America contestant

Desiree Washington was raped by the boxer Mike Tyson, in a hotel room, in Indianapolis. Tyson met the victim at the Miss Black America pageant, where he came to support the event with his celebrity. Young college student agreed to accompany him to a hotel room where she was raped. Tyson was convicted and received a 6-year sentence.

Springsteen plays his first ever show behind the Iron Curtain

Bruce Springsteen performed in the Weissensee, a district of the East Berlin in front of a huge crowd. Thousands of people without tickets stormed the gates to see it. It was a liberating moment for Germans locked behind the Berlin Wall. It is speculated that the concert was an event that later helped put an end to the Cold War.

'Invisible Touch' tops the Hot 100 Billboard chart

Invisible Touch is the title track and first single from 1986 by the English rock band Genesis. The song is a group composition which featured lyrics written by drummer and singer Phil Collins. It was their 1st and only No. 1 single in the US; the song additionally spent 3 consecutive weeks at the top of the Billboard Hot 100 Airplay chart during summer 1986.

Val di Stava dam collapse

The Val di Stava Dam collapse occurred in July 1985, when 2 tailings dams above the village of Stava, near Tesero, Northern Italy, failed. It resulted in one of Italy's worst disasters, killing 268 people, destroying 63 buildings and demolishing eight bridges. The upper dam broke first, leading to the collapse of the lower dam.


22nd modern Olympic games opens in Moscow

The 22nd Olympics in Moscow were the 1st staged in Eastern Europe, as well as the 1st held in a Slavic country. Only 80 nations attended the Games, with 66 countries boycotting the event at the insistence of the US, because of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Several countries cited economic reasons for not coming.

The world's first GPS signal is transmitted

In July 1977, a Rockwell Collins engineer named David Van Dusseldorp sat on the rooftop of a company building in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, adjusting an antenna every 5 minutes to receive a signal from the world’s first GPS satellite, known as NTS-2.

Paul McCartney and Wings go to #1 on the US singles chart

Rock band Wings released a hit single “Listen to What the Man Said” in their album Venus and Mars. It was produced by Paul McCartney, who was also a member of the band. The song managed to reach No. 1 single on the Billboard Hot 100. The single was later certified Gold for selling of more than 1 million copies.

Apollo 11 goes into Moon orbit

Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the 1st 2 people on the Moon. Mission commander Neil Armstrong and pilot Buzz Aldrin, both American, landed the lunar module Eagle in July 1969, at 20:17 UTC. Armstrong became the 1st person to step onto the lunar surface 6 hours after landing, Aldrin joined him about 20 minutes later.

'All You Need Is Love' is at #1 on the UK singles chart

Beatles released their “All You Need Is Love” as a non-album single. After its release, the band performing the song was broadcasted via satellite. It peaked at No. 1 on the UK music charts, just as well as in several other countries. The song was later included on their US Magical Mystery Tour album.


North Korea beats Italy in World Cup

The biggest upset was when North Korea beat Italy 1–0 at Ayresome Park, Middlesbrough and finished above them, thus earning qualification to the next round along with the Soviet Union. This was the first time that a nation from outside Europe or the Americas had progressed from the first stage of a World Cup: the next would be Morocco in 1986.

The first movie is played aboard a U.S. airline

TWA was the first American airline with movies aboard its aircraft when it showed By Love Possessed, starring Lana Turner and Efrem Zimbalist, Jr. in the first-class section of a Boeing 707 flying New York to Los Angeles.


The XV Summer Olympic Games is open in Helsinki, Finland

The 1952 Summer Olympics were an international multi-sport event held in Helsinki, Finland, in 1952. Helsinki had been earlier selected to host the 1940 Summer Olympics, which were canceled due to World War II. Helsinki was chosen as the host city over bids from Amsterdam and five American cities at the 40th IOC Session.

'Treasure Island' debuts

Treasure Island is a 1950 live-action adventure film produced by Walt Disney Productions, adapted from the Robert Louis Stevenson's 1883 novel Treasure Island. It stars Bobby Driscoll as Jim Hawkins and Robert Newton as Long John Silver. Treasure Island is notable for being Disney's 1st completely live-action film and the 1st screen version of Treasure Island made in color.

Winston Churchill launches his 'V for Victory' campaign

By July 1941, the emblematic use of the letter V had spread through occupied Europe. Prime Minister Winston Churchill referred approvingly to the V for Victory campaign in a speech, from which point he started using the V hand sign. Early on he sometimes gestured palm in, sometimes with a cigar between the fingers.

Richard E. Byrd returns from his first Antarctic expedition

The enterprise involved two ships and three airplanes. Byrd and his men undertook photographic and geological surveys. Byrd was promoted to the rank of rear admiral by a special act of Congress during the expedition. He was only 41 years old, which made him the youngest admiral in the history of the United States Navy.


Maurice Garin wins the first Tour de France

The race began at the Au Reveil Matin café at a crossroads in Montgeron, south of Paris, and ended in Ville-d'Avray, another suburb, having circuited France in six days of racing over 2,428 km. One stage, between Nantes and Paris, was 471 km. Garin won 3,000 francs for finishing 1st in 94h 33m 14s.

The first line of the Paris Métro opens

The 1st line opened without ceremony in July 1900, during the World's Fair. The system expanded quickly until the First World War and the core was complete by the 1920s. Extensions into suburbs and Line 11 were built in the 1930s. The network reached saturation after World War II with new trains to allow higher traffic.

Franz Liszt plays his last piano concert

Franz Liszt was one of the most prominent representatives of the New German School. Some of his most notable musical contributions were the invention of the symphonic poem, developing the concept of thematic transformation as part of his experiments in musical form, and making radical departures in harmony. Liszt died in Bayreuth, Germany, on July 31, 1886, at the age of 74.

Napoleon III starts Franco-German War

The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia that started in July 1870. The conflict was caused by Prussian ambitions to extend German unification and French fears of the shift in the European balance of power.

U.S. woman suffrage movement begins

The Seneca Falls Convention was the 1st women's rights convention. It advertised itself as "a convention to discuss the social, civil, and religious condition and rights of woman". Held in Seneca Falls, New York, it spanned 2 days in July 1848. Attracting widespread attention, it was soon followed by other women's rights conventions.

Steamship Great Britain is launched

Today, she is often called Concord of her times. SS Great Britain was the world's first all-metal liner. She was driven by single screw-propeller. With 98 meters of overall length she was the biggest ship of the time. In 1845 she became the world's first iron-hulled steamship to cross the Atlantic. She carried passengers to New York and Melbourne.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous