Video encyclopedia

Flashback calendar

Mamma Mia 2 goes to cinemas

Mamma Mia! Here We Go Again is a musical romantic comedy film directed and written by Ol Parker, from a story by Parker, Catherine Johnson, and Richard Curtis. It is a follow-up to the 2008 film Mamma Mia!, which is based on the musical of the same name. It received generally favorable reviews from critics who praised the cast and musical numbers.

Elon Musk tweets about NY-Washington Hyperloop

Tech entrepreneur Elon Musk said he had received “verbal” approval to start building an ultra-high-speed underground transport system linking New York and Washington that would cut travel time between the cities to about half an hour.

Chester Bennington of Linkin Park dies

Chester Charles Bennington was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and actor. He served as lead singer for the bands Linkin Park, Dead by Sunrise, Grey Daze, and Stone Temple Pilots. He was widely regarded as one of the top rock vocalists of the 2000s.

U.S. and Cuba resume diplomatic relations after five decades

Negotiated in secret in Canada and Vatican City over preceding months, and with the assistance of Pope Francis, the agreement led to the lifting of some U.S. travel restrictions, fewer restrictions on remittances, U.S. banks access to the Cuban financial system.

Ashley Madison dating site is hacked

The site specialises in people who are married or in relationships. Hacker group, which called itself The Impact Team, stole user’s data and threatened to release them publicly. The data contained emails, names, home addresses, sexual fantasies and credit card information. Some of them belonged to users had previously paid a fee to Ashley Madison to have their data deleted.

Lena Headey divorces musician Peter Loughran

The actress, who plays the villainous queen Cersei Lannister in HBO’s Game of Thrones, filed for divorce from musician Peter Loughran. Headey cited irreconcilable differences as the reason for the split and requested legal and physical custody of their 2-year-old son Wylie.

Aurora shooting

On July 20, 2012, a mass shooting occurred inside a Century 16 movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, during a midnight screening of the film The Dark Knight Rises. Dressed in tactical clothing, James Eagan Holmes set off tear gas grenades and shot into the audience with multiple firearms. Twelve people were killed and seventy others were injured, 58 of them from gunfire. At the time, the attack had the largest number of casualties in one shooting in modern U.S. history, until the Orlando nightclub shooting in 2016 and the Las Vegas shooting in 2017. It was the deadliest shooting in Colorado since the Columbine High School massacre in 1999. Holmes was arrested in his car outside the cinema minutes later. He had earlier rigged his apartment with homemade explosives and incendiary devices, which were defused by the Arapahoe County Sheriff's Office Bomb Squad a day after the shooting.

Canada legalizes same-sex marriage

The Civil Marriage Act was legislation legalizing same-sex marriage across Canada. At the time the bill became law, same-sex marriage had already been legalized by court decisions in all Canadian provinces except Alberta and Prince Edward Island, as well as in the territories of Nunavut and the Northwest Territories.

Star Trek actor James Doohan dies

James Montgomery Doohan was a Canadian actor and voice actor best known for his role as Montgomery "Scotty" Scott in the television and film series Star Trek. Doohan died at his home in Redmond, Washington due to complications of pulmonary fibrosis, which was believed to be from exposure to noxious substances during World War II.


Leaders of Salt Lake Olympic bid are indicted in bribery scandal

Salt Lake City attempted to host the Olympics 4 times, failing each time prior to the successful bid in 1995. Members of International Olympic Committee were accused of accepting bribes from Salt Lake committees. Thomas Welch and David Johnson, ex-officials of the city were prosecuted in the scandal.

IRA bombs London Stock Exchange

The London Stock Exchange bombing occurred with the explosion of a 5 to 10 lb bomb of high explosives inside the London Stock Exchange building in the City of London. The building and surroundings were evacuated after the IRA gave a telephone warning 40 minutes prior to the explosion, and thus nobody was wounded.

American dancer Julianne Hough is born

Julianne Alexandra Hough is an American dancer, singer, and actress. She is a two-time professional champion of ABC's Dancing with the Stars. She was nominated for a Creative Arts Primetime Emmy for Outstanding Choreography in season five of the show. Her first leading acting role was in the 2011 film remake of Footloose.

Wreckage of a Spanish treasure galleon is discovered

The vessel was called Nuestra Señora de Atocha. She sank during a hurricane near Florida Keys in 1622. She carried copper, silver, gold, tobacco, gems, and indigo from Spanish ports at Cartagena and Porto Bello in New Granada and Havana to Spain. The wreck was discovered by commercial treasure hunting expedition.


Russian ice hockey player Pavel Datsyuk is born

Pavel Valerievich Datsyuk is a Russian professional ice hockey player and captain for SKA Saint Petersburg of the Kontinental Hockey League. Datsyuk was named one of the "100 Greatest NHL Players" in history and was the only active player outside of the NHL at the time of the announcement.

Pictures of Mars from Viking ship

Viking 1 was the first of two spacecraft sent to Mars as part of NASA's Viking program. It became the first spacecraft to land successfully on Mars and perform its mission. Viking 1 held the record for the longest Mars surface mission of 2307 days or 2245 sols until that record was broken by Opportunity.

Turkey invades Cyprus

The Turkish invasion of Cyprus was a Turkish military invasion of the island country of Cyprus. Turkish forces invaded and captured 3% of the island before a ceasefire was declared. The Greek military junta collapsed and was replaced by a democratic government.

Actor and karate star Bruce Lee dies at 32

Bruce Lee was a Hong Kong and American actor, film director, martial artist, martial arts instructor, philosopher, and founder of the martial art Jeet Kune Do. Lee died from an allergic reaction to the tranquilizer meprobamate, the main ingredient in Equagesic, which is an ingredient commonly used in painkillers.

The first man walk on the Moon

Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first two people on the Moon. Mission commander Neil Armstrong and pilot Buzz Aldrin, both American, landed the lunar module Eagle. Armstrong became the first person to step onto the lunar surface six hours after landing at 02:56:15 UTC; Aldrin joined him about 20 minutes later.

Cream start a four-week run at #1 on the US album chart

Wheels of Fire is the third album by the British rock band Cream. It was released as a two-disc vinyl LP, with one disc recorded in the studio and the other recorded live. It reached number three in the United Kingdom and number one in the United States, becoming the world's first platinum-selling double album.

English biologist Richard Owen is born

He invented the words “dinosaur” and “homology.” The former means "terrible reptile," the latter shared ancestry between a pair of structures. Good examples of homology are arms of primates and wings of birds. Owen postulated his own theory of evolution, which was more complex than the theory of Charles Darwin.

Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi dies

Marconi is usually credited as the inventor of the radio, although he had many predecessors and contemporaries who worked on similar devices. Marconi built the first radio telegraph system and formulated a law describing a relation between the height of antennas and maximum signaling distance of radio transmissions.

Musician Chris Cornell is born

Chris Cornell was an American musician, singer, and songwriter. He was best known as the lead vocalist for the rock bands Soundgarden and Audioslave. Cornell was also known for his numerous solo works and soundtrack contributions, and as the founder and frontman for Temple of the Dog.

Jan and Dean start a two week run at #1 on the US singles chart

"Surf City" is a song written by Brian Wilson and Jan Berry about a fictitious surf spot where there are "two girls for every boy." It was first recorded and made popular by the American duo Jan and Dean in 1963, and their single became the first surf song to become a national number-one hit.


Emil Zatopek wins gold at Helsinki

Zátopek won gold in the 5,000 m, 10,000 m, and the marathon, breaking Olympic records in each event. Zátopek is the only person to win these three long-distance events in the same Olympic games. His victory in the 5,000 m came after a ferocious last lap in 57.5 seconds, during which he went from fourth place to first in the final turn.

Musician Carlos Santana is born

Carlos Santana is a Mexican and American musician who first became famous in the late 1960s and early 1970s with his band, Santana, which pioneered a fusion of rock and Latin American jazz. Rolling Stone magazine listed Santana at number 20 on their list of the 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time.

Singer Kim Carnes is born

Kim Carnes is an American singer-songwriter. Born and raised in Los Angeles, California, she began her career as a songwriter in the 1960s, writing for other artists while performing in local clubs and working as a session background singer with the famed Waters sisters. Her distinctive raspy vocal style has drawn comparisons to Rod Stewart.

Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt

Claus von Stauffenberg and other conspirators attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler, Führer of Nazi Germany, inside his Wolf's Lair field headquarters near Rastenburg, East Prussia. The name Operation Valkyrie, originally referring to a part of the conspiracy, has become associated with the entire event.

Billboard's first comprehensive record chart is published

The first Music Popularity Chart was calculated in July 1940. A variety of song charts followed, which were eventually consolidated into the Hot 100 by mid-1958. The Hot 100 currently combines single sales, radio airplay, digital downloads, and streaming activity.


Former England and Liverpool great Roger Hunt is born

Roger Hunt is an English former footballer who played as a forward. He spent eleven years at Liverpool and became the club's record goalscorer with 286 goals until it was surpassed by Ian Rush. Hunt remains Liverpool's record league goalscorer. Under Bill Shankly, Hunt won two league titles and an FA Cup.

Art school Bauhaus closes

The school existed until 1933, when the school was closed by its own leadership under pressure from the Nazi regime, having been painted as a center of communist intellectualism. Although the school was closed, the staff continued to spread its idealistic precepts as they left Germany and emigrated all over the world.


Edmund Hillary is born

Sir Edmund Percival Hillary was a New Zealand mountaineer, explorer, and philanthropist. Hillary and Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer Tenzing Norgay became the first climbers confirmed to have reached the summit of Mount Everest. They were part of the ninth British expedition to Everest, led by John Hunt.

Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull surrenders to US federal troops

Hunger and desperation eventually forced Sitting Bull, and 186 of his family and followers, to return to the United States and surrender. Sitting Bull also had his young son Crow Foot surrender his Winchester lever-action carbine to Major David H. Brotherton, commanding officer of Fort Buford.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1971

Sandra Oh

died 1973

Bruce Lee