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U.S. space shuttle program ends

The Space Shuttle program was the fourth spaceflight program carried out by the NASA. The Space Shuttle program was extended several times beyond it originally envisioned 15-year lifespan because of the delays in building the United States space station in low Earth orbit—a project which eventually evolved into the International Space Station.

Telco giant WorldCom bankrupts

WorldCom filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the largest such filing in United States history at the time. By the bankruptcy reorganization agreement, the company paid $750 million to the SEC in cash and stock in the new MCI, which was intended to be paid to wronged investors.

Tony Blair assumes Labour Party leadership

John Smith died suddenly in 1994 of a heart attack. Blair defeated John Prescott and Margaret Beckett in the subsequent leadership election and became Leader of the Opposition. As is customary for the holder of that office, Blair was appointed a Privy Councillor.

Stauffenberg and fellow conspirators are executed

Stauffenberg, his aide 1st Lieutenant Werner von Haeften, General Friedrich Olbricht, and Colonel Albrecht Mertz von Quirnheim were executed for their involvement in the German Resistance movement by a makeshift firing squad in the courtyard of the Bendlerblock, which was lit by the headlights of a truck.

Belgium becomes independent

At the end of August 1830, rebels in the Southern provinces of the United Netherlands rose up against Dutch rule. The rising, which began in Brussels, pushed the Dutch army back, and the rebels defended themselves against a Dutch attack. International powers meeting in London agreed to support the independence of Belgium, even though the Dutch refused to recognize the new state.

The Battle of the Pyramids

The Battle of the Pyramids, also known as the Battle of Embabeh, was a major engagement fought on 21 July 1798 during the French Invasion of Egypt. The French army under Napoleon Bonaparte scored a decisive victory against the forces of the local Mamluk rulers, wiping out almost the entire Egyptian army. It was the battle where Napoleon employed one of his significant contributions to military tactics, the divisional square. Actually a rectangle, the deployment of the French brigades into these massive formations repeatedly threw back multiple cavalry charges by the Egyptians.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous