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Pakistani general election begins

General elections are scheduled to be held in Pakistan to elect the members of the National Assembly and the four Provincial Assemblies of Pakistan. Most of the opinion polls suggest an overall Pakistan Muslim League lead with Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf being the close second.

Sperm counts of western men halved in the last 40 years

The report was published in a peer-reviewed scientific journal Human Reproduction Update. According to the authors, between 1973 and 2011, the concentration of sperm in the ejaculate of men in western countries has fallen by an average of 1.4 percent a year, leading to an overall drop of just over 52 percent.

Yahoo sells its core business to Verizon

Verizon Communications announced that it had agreed to purchase Yahoo's core Internet business for $4.83 billion. Following the conclusion of the purchase, these assets merged with AOL to form a new entity known as Oath Inc; Yahoo, AOL, and Huffington Post will continue to operate under their own names, under the Oath Inc. umbrella.

2014

Didier Drogba rejoins Chelsea

Chelsea announced on their official website that Drogba completed his return to the club on a free transfer, and signed a one-year contract. Speaking on his move back to the club, Drogba said: "It was an easy decision. I couldn't turn down the opportunity to work with José Mourinho again."

Katharina Fritsch's sculpture Hahn/Cock is unveiled

Hahn/Cock is a sculpture of a giant blue cockerel by the German artist Katharina Fritsch. It was unveiled in London's Trafalgar Square and was displayed on the vacant fourth plinth. The fiberglass work stood 4.72 meters high and was the sixth work to be displayed on the plinth.

Google Fiber TV launch is announced

Google Fiber is part of the Access division of Alphabet Inc. First announced in 2012, it provides fiber-to-the-premises service in the United States, providing broadband Internet and IPTV to a small and slowly increasing number of locations.

"Sherlock" first airs on BBC

"A Study in Pink" is the first episode of the television series Sherlock and first broadcast on BBC One and BBC HD. It introduces the main characters and resolves a murder mystery. It is loosely based upon the first Sherlock Holmes novel, A Study in Scarlet.

Director John Schlesinger dies

John Richard Schlesinger was an English film and stage director, and actor. Schlesinger underwent a quadruple heart bypass before suffering a stroke in December 2000. He was taken off life support at Desert Regional Medical Center in Palm Springs and he died early the following day at the age of 77.

113 is killed in Concorde Air France Flight 4590 crash

The aircraft serving the flight ran over debris on the runway during takeoff, blowing a tire and puncturing a fuel tank; the subsequent fire and engine failure caused the aircraft to crash into a hotel in nearby Gonesse two minutes after takeoff, killing all 109 aboard and four in the hotel.

Dick Cheney is picked to run on George Bush' ticket

While serving as the CEO of Halliburton, Cheney headed then-Governor of Texas George W. Bush's vice-presidential search committee. After reviewing Cheney's findings, Bush surprised some pundits by asking Cheney himself to join the Republican ticket. Halliburton reportedly reached an agreement to allow Cheney to retire, with a package of $20 million.

1999

Lance Armstrong wins Tour the France for the first time

Armstrong won the Tour de France, including four stages. He beat the second place rider, Alex Zülle, by 7 minutes 37 seconds. However, the absence of Jan Ullrich due to injury and Marco Pantani due to drug allegations meant Armstrong had not yet proven himself against the biggest names in the sport.

Autumn Jackson is found guilty of extortion

The then-22-year-old Jackson was sentenced to 26 months in jail for trying to extort US$40 million from Cosby by claiming she was Cosby's daughter. In the trial and subsequent appeal, the courts held that Jackson's belief that she was Cosby's child—even if sincere—was irrelevant to the question of her guilt.

Kunsthaus Bregenz is opened

The Kunsthaus Bregenz presents temporary exhibitions of international contemporary art in Bregenz, capital of the Austrian Federal State of Vorarlberg. The Kunsthaus Bregenz opened with an exhibition by the American artist James Turrell.

Grammy Award winning country singer Charlie Rich dies

Charles Allan Rich was an American country music singer, songwriter, and musician. His eclectic style of music was often difficult to classify, encompassing the rockabilly, jazz, blues, country, soul, and gospel genres. Rich died in his sleep in a Hammond, Louisiana motel; he was 62 years old. The cause of death was a pulmonary embolism.

American meteorologist Vincent Schaefer dies

He invented the cloud seeding. It is a form of weather modification that changes the amount or type of precipitation that falls from clouds, by dispersing substances into the air that serve as cloud condensation or ice nuclei. The usual intent is to increase precipitation. Schaefer used dry ice particles dispersed from an airplane.

1992

Opening ceremony of 1992 Summer Olympics

The opening ceremony of the 1992 Summer Olympics took place in the Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys, Barcelona, Spain. The Olympic flame cauldron was lit by a flaming arrow, shot by Paralympic archer Antonio Rebollo. The arrow had been lit by the flame of the Olympic Torch.

1988

Brazil and Barcelona midfielder Paulinho is born

Paulinho is a Brazilian professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Chinese club Guangzhou Evergrande, on loan from Barcelona and the Brazil national team. Paulinho has been described as a box-to-box midfielder, with powerful running and good movement into the box.

Svetlana Savitskaya becomes the first woman to walk in space

Cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman to walk in space when she conducted an EVA outside the Soviet Union’s Salyut 7 space station. She set several FAI world records as a pilot.

Metallica release their debut studio album "Kill 'Em All"

Kill 'Em All is the debut studio album by the American heavy metal band Metallica, released by the independent record label Megaforce Records. Kill 'Em All is regarded as a groundbreaking album for thrash metal because of its precise musicianship, which fuses new wave of British heavy metal riffs with hardcore punk tempos.

Voyager 2 encounters Saturn

The probe studied Saturn's atmosphere. It measured temperature in different layers and positions on the globe. At the uppermost pressure levels, Saturn's temperature was −203 °C, while at the deepest levels measured the temperature increased to −130 °C. The north pole was found to be 10 kelvins cooler, although this may be seasonal.

First "test tube baby" is born

Louise Joy Brown is an English woman known for being the first human to have been born after conception by in vitro fertilization, or IVF. She weighed 5 pounds, 12 ounces at birth. Her parents, Lesley and John Brown, had been trying to conceive for nine years. Lesley faced complications of blocked fallopian tubes.

"Fame" by David Bowie feat. John Lennon is released

"Fame" is a song recorded by David Bowie. Written by Bowie, Carlos Alomar, and John Lennon, it was a hit in North America, becoming Bowie's first number 1 single in the Canadian Singles Chart as well as the U.S. Billboard Hot 100.

T. Rex are at #1 on the UK singles chart with "Get It On"

"Get It On" is a song by the British glam rock group T. Rex, featured on their album Electric Warrior. Written by frontman Marc Bolan, "Get It On" was the second chart-topper for T. Rex on the UK Singles Chart. In the United States, it was retitled "Bang a Gong (Get It On)" to avoid confusion with a song of the same name by the group Chase.

The Carpenters start a four week run at #1 on the US singles chart

The Carpenters version of "(They Long To Be) Close To You" was released by the Carpenters on their album Close to You, and it became their breakthrough hit. The song stayed at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 for four weeks. This song was originally given to Herb Alpert as a follow up to his number one hit, "This Guy's in Love with You".

U.S. President Richard Nixon declares the Nixon Doctrine

The Nixon Doctrine was put forth during a press conference in Guam by US President Richard Nixon. This doctrine meant that each ally nation was in charge of its own security in general, but the United States would act as a nuclear umbrella when requested.

Actor Matt LeBlanc is born

Matthew Steven LeBlanc is an American actor, comedian, and television host. He attracted international recognition and acclaim for his portrayal of Joey Tribbiani on the NBC sitcom Friends. For his work on Friends, LeBlanc received three Emmy Award nominations.

Bob Dylan goes electric for the first time

Dylan performed his first electric concert at the Newport Folk Festival, joined by guitarist Mike Bloomfield and Barry Goldberg of Paul Butterfield Band. Some sections of the audience booed Dylan's performance. Leading members of the folk movement criticized Dylan for moving away from political songwriting and for performing with an electric band.

Disney film "101 Dalmatians" is released in the US

101 Dalmatians is an American animated adventure film produced by Walt Disney and based on the 1956 novel The Hundred and One Dalmatians by Dodie Smith. The film tells the story of a litter of Dalmatian puppies who are kidnapped by the villainous Cruella de Vil, who wants to use their fur to make into coats.

Orbison reaches #2 on the US singles chart with his first hit

"Only the Lonely (Know the Way I Feel)" is a song written by Roy Orbison and Joe Melson. Orbison's recording of the song, produced by Fred Foster for Monument Records, was the first major hit for the singer. It was described by The New York Times as expressing "a clenched, driven urgency".

Italian dictator Mussolini quits

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party. After a series of defeats, the Grand Council of Fascism passed a motion of no confidence for Mussolini; later that day the King dismissed him as head of government and had him placed in custody.

Architect Glenn Murcutt is born

Glenn Marcus Murcutt is an Australian architect and winner of the Alvar Aalto Medal, the Pritzker Architecture Prize and the American Institute of Architects Gold Medal. Being the only Australian winner of the prestigious Pritzker Prize, he is often referred to as Australia's most famous architect.

English chemist Rosalind Franklin is born

Franklin is best known for her work on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. Between them was the famous Photo 51. It was used by James Watson and Francis Crick to deduce the double-helix structure of DNA. She could have won the Nobel Prize for the photo, but she died at age 37 and Nobel Committee does not make posthumous nominations.

Louis Blériot makes the first flight across the English Channel

In 1909 Blériot became world-famous for making the first airplane flight across the English Channel, winning the prize of £1,000 offered by the Daily Mail newspaper. Blériot was also the first to make a working, powered, piloted monoplane and was the founder of a successful aircraft manufacturing company.

American advance into Canada halted by British troops

The Battle of Lundy's Lane was a battle of the Anglo-American War of 1812, which took place in present-day Niagara Falls, Ontario. It was one of the bloodiest battles of the war, and one of the deadliest battles ever fought in Canada. There were over 1,500 casualties including 258 killed.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1967

Matt LeBlanc

born 1995

Alvin Kamara

born 1981

Finn Bálor