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Flashback calendar

Last day for legal burqas in Denmark

Denmark passes a law banning burqa and niqab and has joined several other European countries in banning garments that cover the face, including Islamic veils such as the niqab and burqa. In total, the bill received 75 votes in favor and 30 votes against. Violations of the anti-veil law will result in a 134 euros fine for the first offense and up to 1 000 euros for breaking the law for the fourth time or more.


Jose Mourinho signs midfielder Nemanja Matic

In July 2017 Manchester United confirmed the deal with Matić signing a three-year contract with an option for an extra year, buying him from former club Chelsea, for whom Mourinho had previously acquired the same player in 2014. Two days after signing, he made his first appearance in a friendly against Sampdoria, finishing in a 2–1 win over the Italian side.

Italian Jewish chemist and writer Primo Levi is born

He is known for his memoirs The Periodic Table (1975). The book was named it the best science book ever. As a Jew, Levi was imprisoned in Auschwitz. He had an opportunity to work as a technician in the laboratory of the I. G. Farben factory. The factory was built by slave labour of the camp inmates but it saved Levi’s life.

Mathematician Seymour Papert dies

Papert was one of the pioneers of artificial intelligence, and also of the constructionist movement in education. Together with Wally Feurzeig and Cynthia Solomon, he co-invented the Logo programming language, in which the programmer commands a turtle on the screen. The turtle draws lines with its tail.

Kaoshiung gas explosions

A series of gas explosions occurred in the Cianjhen and Lingya districts of Kaohsiung, Taiwan, following reports of gas leaks earlier that night. 32 people were killed and 321 others were injured. Eyewitnesses reported a smell of gas and white smoke coming out of manholes near Kaisyuan 3rd Road and Ersheng 1st Road in Cianjhen District over 3 hours prior to the incident.

Writer Gore Vidal dies

Eugene Luther Gore Vidal was an American writer and public intellectual known for his patrician manner, epigrammatic wit, and polished style of writing. Vidal began to suffer from Wernicke–Korsakoff syndrome, a brain disorder often caused by alcoholism. He died of pneumonia at his home in the Hollywood Hills at the age of 86.


Michael Phelps breaks the record set in 1964

Phelps holds the all-time records for Olympic gold medals, Olympic gold medals in individual events, and Olympic medals in individual events. Phelps is the long course world record holder in the 100-meter butterfly, 200-meter butterfly, and 400-meter individual medley as well as the former long course world record holder in the 200-meter freestyle and 200-meter individual medley.

Obama reaches a deal to avert "debt-ceiling" crisis

Two days prior to when the Treasury estimated the borrowing authority of the United States would be exhausted, Republicans agreed to raise the debt ceiling in exchange for a complex deal of significant future spending cuts. The crisis did not permanently resolve the potential of the future use of the debt ceiling in budgetary disputes.


Former England and Barcelona manager Sir Bobby Robson dies

Robson died of lung cancer at his home in County Durham, aged 76, after a long battle with the disease. After the news of his death, leading figures from the world of football and politics paid tribute to him. Manchester United manager Sir Alex Ferguson called him a "great friend, a wonderful individual, and tremendous football man".

The iTunes Music Store reaches 3 billion songs sold

Apple announced that more than three billion songs have been purchased and downloaded from the iTunes Store. iTunes is the world’s most popular online music, TV, and movie store featuring a catalog of over five million songs, 550 television shows, and 500 movies.

Fidel Castro hands over power to his brother Raúl

In July 2006, Fidel Castro's personal secretary, Carlos Valenciaga, announced on state-run television that Fidel Castro would provisionally hand over the duties to Raúl Castro while Fidel underwent and recovered from intestinal surgery to repair gastrointestinal bleeding.

Hebrew University massacre

The Hebrew University bombing or the Hebrew University massacre was a terror attack by the Palestinian militant group Hamas which occurred on 31 July 2002 in a cafeteria at the Mount Scopus campus of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The attack killed 9 people, including 5 U.S. students, and injured about 100. It was carried out by an East Jerusalem-based Hamas cell whose members are serving multiple life sentences in Israeli prisons for that attack and others. The attack, which sparked a celebration in Gaza City, was condemned by United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan and several countries.

Christina Aguilera scores her first US #1 single

"Genie in a Bottle" is a song by American singer Christina Aguilera from her self-titled debut album. The single achieved commercial success, peaking atop the record charts of 21 countries. In the United States, the song peaked atop the Billboard Hot 100.

Lunar Prospector probe is deliberately crashed

The mission was a success. Lunar Prospector conducted detailed investigations of the Moon, including mapping of surface composition, polar ice deposits, measurements of magnetic and gravity fields, and study of lunar outgassing events. The probe also detected frozen water. Results were published in the journal Science.

Disney announces that it will buy ABC and ESPN

Disney acquired many other media sources during the decade, including a merger with Capital Cities/ABC in 1995 which brought broadcast network ABC and its assets, including the A&E Television Networks and ESPN networks, into the Disney fold.

The US and the USSR agree to cut stocks of nuclear warheads

The START was a bilateral treaty between the USA and the USSR on the reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms. The treaty was signed in July 1991 and entered into force in December 1994. The treaty barred its signatories from deploying more than 6,000 nuclear warheads atop a total of 1,600 inter-continental ballistic missiles and bombers.


Russian ice hockey player Evgeni Malkin is born

Evgeni is a Russian professional ice hockey center and alternate captain for the Pittsburgh Penguins of the NHL. Malkin began his career with his hometown club Metallurg Magnitogorsk, playing for their junior and senior teams. He was then selected second overall in the 2004 NHL Draft by the Pittsburgh Penguins.

Apollo 15 astronauts become the first to ride in a lunar rover

The crew explored the area using the first lunar rover, which allowed them to travel much farther from the Lunar Module than had been possible on missions without the rover. They collected 77 kilograms of lunar surface material.

"You've Got A Friend" goes to #1 on the US singles chart

Taylor's version was released as a single and reached number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 and number 4 on the UK Singles Chart. The James Taylor version also spent one week at the top of the Easy Listening charts. Billboard ranked it as the No. 17 song for 1971.

Mariner 6 probe makes her closest approach to Mars

The probe passed at the distance of 3 431 kilometres above the Martian surface. The main mission goal was the study of the surface and atmosphere of the red planet, in order to establish the basis for future investigations, particularly those relevant to the search for extra-terrestrial life. Mariner 6 had a sister probe, Mariner 7.

English writer J. K. Rowling is born

Joanne Rowling is a British novelist, philanthropist, film and television producer and screenwriter best known for writing the Harry Potter fantasy series. The books have won multiple awards, and sold more than 500 million copies, becoming the best-selling book series in history. They have also been the basis for a film series.

Musician Jim Corr is born

James Steven Ignatius "Jim" Corr is an Irish musician, singer, and songwriter. He is a member of the Irish folk/rock band The Corrs, the other members being his three younger sisters Andrea, Sharon and Caroline. He is also a DJ.

Country singer Jim Reeves is killed in a plane crash

James Travis Reeves was an American country and popular music singer-songwriter. With records charting from the 1950s to the 1980s, he became well known as a practitioner of the Nashville sound. Reeves died in the crash of his private airplane. He is a member of both the Country Music and Texas Country Music Halls of Fame.

Producer and DJ Fatboy Slim is born

Fatboy Slim is an English DJ, musician, multi-instrumentalist and record producer. As a solo electronic act, he has won ten MTV Video Music Awards and two Brit Awards. His records helped to popularise the big beat genre, which achieved mainstream popularity in the 1990s.

Luzhniki Stadium is opened

The stadium was officially opened in July 1956, having been built in just 450 days. It was the national stadium of the Soviet Union and is now the national stadium of Russia. The stadium is a part of the Luzhniki Olympic Complex and is located in Khamovniki District of the Central Administrative Okrug of Moscow city.

Actress Geraldine Chaplin is born

Geraldine Leigh Chaplin is a prolific actress of English, French, and Spanish language films, the fourth child of Charlie Chaplin, the first of eight with fourth wife Oona O'Neill. After beginnings in dance and modeling, she turned her attention to acting and made her American acting debut in her portrayal of Tonya in David Lean's Doctor Zhivago.

Hitler's Nazi Party dominates German elections

Federal elections were held in Germany in July 1932, following the premature dissolution of the Reichstag. They saw great gains by the Nazi Party, which for the first time became the largest party in parliament but without winning a majority.


Babe Didrikson win the gold medal at the LA Olympics

Babe Didrikson, arguably the greatest woman athlete of the 20th century, won the gold medal in the javelin in 143 feet 4 inches at the Los Angeles Olympics. She also won gold in the 80-meter hurdles and the high jump, but that medal was later reduced to silver because she used a then-illegal "western roll" across the bar.


Tennis coach Nick Bollettieri is born

Nick Bollettieri was born in Pelham, a suburban town in Westchester County, NY. He got a degree in philosophy at Spring Hill College in Alabama. He became a tennis instructor in Puerto Rico. Several years later, he moved to Florida, where he opened a tennis academy near Bradenton. It was the 1st major tennis boarding school.

Chemist Stephanie Kwolek si born

Kwolek is best known for inventing the first of a family of synthetic fibers of exceptional strength and stiffness: poly-paraphenylene terephthalamide—better known as Kevlar. For her discovery, Kwolek was awarded the DuPont company's Lavoisier Medal for outstanding technical achievement. As of February 2015, she was the only female employee to have received that honor.

Inventor John Ericsson is born

Ericsson was a Swedish-American inventor, active in England and the United States, and regarded as one of the most influential mechanical engineers ever. Ericsson collaborated on the design of the steam locomotive Novelty, which competed in the Rainhill Trials on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, won by George Stephenson's Rocket.

Potash process patented, leading to revolution in chemical industry

The first U.S. patent of any kind was issued in 1790 to Samuel Hopkins for an improvement "in the making of Pot ash and Pearl ash by a new Apparatus and Process". Pearlash was a purer quality made by calcination of potash in a reverberatory furnace or kiln.

Vienna Zoo is founded

Tiergarten Schönbrunn is a zoo located on the grounds of the famous Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna, Austria. Founded as an imperial menagerie in 1752, it is the oldest continuously operating zoo in the world. Tiergarten Schönbrunn is one of the few zoos worldwide to house giant pandas.

Anniversaries of famous

born 1994

Lil Uzi Vert

born 1965

J. K. Rowling

born 1992

Kiara Advani

born 1974

Emilia Fox