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2017

Jose Mourinho signs midfielder Nemanja Matic

In July 2017 Manchester United confirmed the deal with Matić signing a three-year contract with an option for an extra year, buying him from former club Chelsea, for whom Mourinho had previously acquired the same player in 2014. Two days after signing, he made his first appearance in a friendly against Sampdoria, finishing in a 2–1 win over the Italian side.

Kaoshiung gas explosions

A series of gas explosions occurred in the Cianjhen and Lingya districts of Kaohsiung, Taiwan, following reports of gas leaks earlier that night. 32 people were killed and 321 others were injured. Eyewitnesses reported a smell of gas and white smoke coming out of manholes near Kaisyuan 3rd Road and Ersheng 1st Road in Cianjhen District over 3 hours prior to the incident.

2012

Michael Phelps breaks the record set in 1964

Phelps holds the all-time records for Olympic gold medals, Olympic gold medals in individual events, and Olympic medals in individual events. Phelps is the long course world record holder in the 100-meter butterfly, 200-meter butterfly, and 400-meter individual medley as well as the former long course world record holder in the 200-meter freestyle and 200-meter individual medley.

Obama reaches a deal to avert "debt-ceiling" crisis

Two days prior to when the Treasury estimated the borrowing authority of the United States would be exhausted, Republicans agreed to raise the debt ceiling in exchange for a complex deal of significant future spending cuts. The crisis did not permanently resolve the potential of the future use of the debt ceiling in budgetary disputes.

The iTunes Music Store reaches 3 billion songs sold

Apple announced that more than three billion songs have been purchased and downloaded from the iTunes Store. iTunes is the world’s most popular online music, TV, and movie store featuring a catalog of over five million songs, 550 television shows, and 500 movies.

Fidel Castro hands over power to his brother Raúl

In July 2006, Fidel Castro's personal secretary, Carlos Valenciaga, announced on state-run television that Fidel Castro would provisionally hand over the duties to Raúl Castro while Fidel underwent and recovered from intestinal surgery to repair gastrointestinal bleeding.

Hebrew University massacre

The Hebrew University bombing or the Hebrew University massacre was a terror attack by the Palestinian militant group Hamas which occurred on 31 July 2002 in a cafeteria at the Mount Scopus campus of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The attack killed 9 people, including 5 U.S. students, and injured about 100. It was carried out by an East Jerusalem-based Hamas cell whose members are serving multiple life sentences in Israeli prisons for that attack and others. The attack, which sparked a celebration in Gaza City, was condemned by United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan and several countries.

Christina Aguilera scores her first US #1 single

"Genie in a Bottle" is a song by American singer Christina Aguilera from her self-titled debut album. The single achieved commercial success, peaking atop the record charts of 21 countries. In the United States, the song peaked atop the Billboard Hot 100.

Lunar Prospector probe is deliberately crashed

The mission was a success. Lunar Prospector conducted detailed investigations of the Moon, including mapping of surface composition, polar ice deposits, measurements of magnetic and gravity fields, and study of lunar outgassing events. The probe also detected frozen water. Results were published in the journal Science.

Disney announces that it will buy ABC and ESPN

Disney acquired many other media sources during the decade, including a merger with Capital Cities/ABC in 1995 which brought broadcast network ABC and its assets, including the A&E Television Networks and ESPN networks, into the Disney fold.

The US and the USSR agree to cut stocks of nuclear warheads

The START was a bilateral treaty between the USA and the USSR on the reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms. The treaty was signed in July 1991 and entered into force in December 1994. The treaty barred its signatories from deploying more than 6,000 nuclear warheads atop a total of 1,600 inter-continental ballistic missiles and bombers.

Apollo 15 astronauts become the first to ride in a lunar rover

The crew explored the area using the first lunar rover, which allowed them to travel much farther from the Lunar Module than had been possible on missions without the rover. They collected 77 kilograms of lunar surface material.

"You've Got A Friend" goes to #1 on the US singles chart

Taylor's version was released as a single and reached number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 and number 4 on the UK Singles Chart. The James Taylor version also spent one week at the top of the Easy Listening charts. Billboard ranked it as the No. 17 song for 1971.

Mariner 6 probe makes her closest approach to Mars

The probe passed at the distance of 3 431 kilometres above the Martian surface. The main mission goal was the study of the surface and atmosphere of the red planet, in order to establish the basis for future investigations, particularly those relevant to the search for extra-terrestrial life. Mariner 6 had a sister probe, Mariner 7.

Country singer Jim Reeves is killed in a plane crash

James Travis Reeves was an American country and popular music singer-songwriter. With records charting from the 1950s to the 1980s, he became well known as a practitioner of the Nashville sound. Reeves died in the crash of his private airplane. He is a member of both the Country Music and Texas Country Music Halls of Fame.

Luzhniki Stadium is opened

The stadium was officially opened in July 1956, having been built in just 450 days. It was the national stadium of the Soviet Union and is now the national stadium of Russia. The stadium is a part of the Luzhniki Olympic Complex and is located in Khamovniki District of the Central Administrative Okrug of Moscow city.

Hitler's Nazi Party dominates German elections

Federal elections were held in Germany in July 1932, following the premature dissolution of the Reichstag. They saw great gains by the Nazi Party, which for the first time became the largest party in parliament but without winning a majority.

1932

Babe Didrikson win the gold medal at the LA Olympics

Babe Didrikson, arguably the greatest woman athlete of the 20th century, won the gold medal in the javelin in 143 feet 4 inches at the Los Angeles Olympics. She also won gold in the 80-meter hurdles and the high jump, but that medal was later reduced to silver because she used a then-illegal "western roll" across the bar.

Potash process patented, leading to revolution in chemical industry

The first U.S. patent of any kind was issued in 1790 to Samuel Hopkins for an improvement "in the making of Pot ash and Pearl ash by a new Apparatus and Process". Pearlash was a purer quality made by calcination of potash in a reverberatory furnace or kiln.

Vienna Zoo is founded

Tiergarten Schönbrunn is a zoo located on the grounds of the famous Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna, Austria. Founded as an imperial menagerie in 1752, it is the oldest continuously operating zoo in the world. Tiergarten Schönbrunn is one of the few zoos worldwide to house giant pandas.

Anniversaries of the (in)famous

born 1994

Lil Uzi Vert

born 1965

J. K. Rowling

born 1992

Kiara Advani

born 1974

Emilia Fox